Into Europe/ Pleistocene Europe
There was less habitable land in Europe during the glacial period.
LP (lower Paleolithic) Acheulean
Fossil Species Concept
Biological Species the basic unit of biological classification defined as the largest group of
individual organisms capable of interbreeding and producing viable offspring
Fossil Species the basic unit of taxonomic classification us
The study of humanity
Bridges Humanities, Natural Sciences & Social Sciences
Definition of archaeology
The study of rubbish?
The study of past human behavior based o
Denisovans of the Altai Mnts, Siberia(30-48 kya)
After early modern humans left Africa around 60000 years ago (top right) they spread across the
globe and interbred with other descendants of Homo heidelbergensis
Out of Africa (The Great Human Diaspora)
2. Out of Africa
46 chromosomes total
2 sex chromosomes (X &Y)
Nucleotides of A, T, C, G (Adenine, Thymine, Cytosine, Guanine)
Why Bipedality? The Savanna Hypothesis
Pliocene drying-cooling opened up forests creating savanna landscape
Resources became patchily distributed across space
Resources within specific forest patches would quickly became scarce
Some individuals may be
Archaic Humans (in Africa 1.6million years ago turkana boy fast life hitory)
Cranial capacity at 700-800 cc
Sloping forehead & brow ridges
Still prognathic & chinless
Short arms (out of the trees?)
A Hand Axe Quarry at Boxgrove, UK (=500)
Archaic Humans in Southeast Asia (1.6-01 mya)
Archaic Humans at Zhoukoudian (0.5-0.25 mya)
Archaic Human: The Neanderthals
Neanderthal Geography & Morphology
Long face mounted in front of the brain cas
peopling the New World: Hypotheses
1. Interior Migration Hypothesis
2. Coastal Migration Hypothesis
Clovis 13.25 -12.95kya(max)
Redefining the Age of Clovis
Implications for the peopling of the Americas
Clovis points characteristics
Lecture 8.1 Worksheet
1. How are humans unique in terms of parenting? (Just list the three bullet points)
a. Spectrum of parenting in humans
i. kinds of care
ii. who provides the care
iii. for how long
2. What happens when males invest more than
Lecture 1.1: Course Introduction
1. Why do we use modern hunter-gatherers as model humans?
They still exist today so we can go out and observe/interact with them.
They are the closest life style to what our ancestors had (no technology).
Lecture 2.1: The evolution of humans
Questions: (Those with an asterisk are from the readings)
1. Explain the disclaimer about paleoanthropology and why you should take all of this
information with a grain of salt.
Study of humans and their ancestors.
Lecture 6.2: Reproductive conflict
1. Why is there a conflict between males and females in regards to reproduction?
a. Females want to choose the best male.
b. Males want to father as many offspring as possible, and only invest in those they
Apes are actually more like humans than researchers ever imagined. What was
once thought to only be found in humans such as certain emotions and skills are now also
being found in apes. With that being said we have many simil
Lecture 5.1: Sexual selection and the two sexes
1. What are the costs and benefits of sexually reproducing?
i. Produce offspring that are only half related to you.
ii. Break up successful genotypes.
iii. Mating takes up time and energy
Lecture 7.1: Human marriage systems
1. List the characteristics of marriage discussed in lecture.
a. A socially recognized union between men and women
b. Separates couples (or groups) from other members of a society as having an
Lecture 3.1: Human life history
1. List and explain the five life history principles discussed in the lecture.
a. Allometry: regular relationships between body size and many other traits. Why?
Because the rate of cell proliferation is constant.
Sexual Dimorphism and Mating Systems
When the average male of a species differs from the average female, the species is said to be
sexually dimorphic. This dimorphism can take the form of color differences, differences in
Lecture 8.2: Cooperative breeding
1. Which evolved first, cooperative breeding or costly, slow-maturing offspring at short birth
2. What do alloparents do to help?
Protect young from predation, forage for food to feed young
Lecture 4.1: The Human Life Course I
1. What life stages do humans share with all mammals? What is the difference in life stages
between small and large mammals?
Share the same process of eye development.
Share the same life stages: embryo, i
Lecture 6.1: Mating Strategies
1. Males tend to invest more in mating effort, while females tend to invest more in
a. Males invest nothing (or very little) in parenting, except in some birds, canids,
2. In humans, h
Human Origins: Evolution and
9:10am - 10:30am
Stewart Auditorium (ST 104)
Dennis H. O'Rourke, 106 Stewart
Office Hours: 1:30-3:00pm MT; and by appt.
The Elucidation of Heredity
Characters in peas studied by Mendel.
All single gene; none co-dominant
Mendels Cotyleden Color Experiment
true breeding YELLOW X GREEN true breeding
(self-fertilization of 258 plants;
Genes and Their
The Modern Evolutionary Synthesis
What causes genetic
How is evolutionary
and how is the cause
Initially from Gregor Mendel and his pee
Transition to Genus Homo
Early Genus Homo
Cranial capacity of
(Taxon mean = 630cc)
Homo habilis or H.
Primitive, large, broad
face and large
OH 24 Twiggy KNM ER-1813
IHIS attempt IDDK Li fT'IIf'iIJEES.
The tendency toward erect posture. penladactyly'. fingernails, and color 1.I'isicrr are all characteristics of
new 1* Primates Another name for absolute dating is?
Is genetic ori over large continental regions
"9! 4* refers to the process by which the continents move.
is the process or: which animal populations drift apart as part of an adaptive radiation
Is a dance step popularized he
Question 1 2 F 2 P115
The eaiest evidence of modern humans in Africa around 150.0UyBP comes from which two areas?
' Here and W
TUI'KEF'IE and C'IIJLJ'ui
TUFHBHE Eil] [:JIDLJ'u'Ei
TurHere anti Herm Which of the teilewing DOES NOT characterize the fossil sp