Compressional wave (p. 384): a longitudinal wave propagated by the elastic
compression of the medium; a shock wave that compresses the medium through which
it is transmitted.
Conduction (p. 391): the transfer of heat from one substance to another by dire
Aftershock: any of several lower-magnitude earthquakes that follow the main shock of a
larger earthquake, resulting from the sudden change in stress occurring within and
between rocks and the previous release of stress brought on by the principal
Astrobiologist: the branch of biology concerned with the study of life on earth and in
Autotroph: organisms that make their own food (i.e. producers).
Banded iron formation: distinctive units of sedimentary rock that are almost always o
Aquiclude - permeable formations- typically sandstone- bounded above and below by lowpermeability beds, such as shale
Aquifer - rock formations through which groundwater flows in sufficient quantity to supply wells.
Artesian flow- water moving
Albedo (p. 413) - the fraction of the solar energy reflected by a surface.
Carbon cycle (p. 423) - the continual movement of carbon between different components
of the Earth system.
Climate model (p. 415) - any representation of the climate system that c
1. What are the causes of metamorphism? Briefly explain. [3 points]
Heat and pressure are the primary causes of metamorphism, although fluid composition can
also have an impact. Heat and pressure can change the chemical composition, mineralogy,
Answer questions 1-10 of the "Exercises" on page 144 of your textbook (also see below).
1. What processes change sediments into sedimentary rock?
Lithification, or diagenesis, is the set of processes that change sediments into rock. The
first method is t
1. What are the main reservoirs of water at and near the Earth's surface? [3 points]
Oceans, glaciers and polar ice, groundwater, lakes and rivers, the atmosphere, and the
2. Using figure 17.5 as your guide, roughly estimate the amount of preci
1. What evidence suggests that there are partially molten areas in the asthenosphere? [3 points]
The molten rock in the asthenosphere causes a change in the velocity and direction of P
1. What is the difference between autotrophs and heterotrophs? [2 points]
An autotroph is an organisms that makes its own food (through processes such as
photosynthesis), whereas a heterotroph is an organism which gets its food by feeding
1. What are the components of the climate system? [5 points]
The climate system is composed of the atmosphere, the hydrosphere, the land surface,
and the biosphere.
2. What is a greenhouse gas and how does it affect the climate on Earth? [3 points]
GEO 3030: Living with Earthquakes and Volcanoes
Module 10: Homework: Finding Earthquake Magnitude and Location
Possible points: 30
Homework goal: Demystifying science by showing that it often consists simply of a
'Drits V A'
'Zviagina B B'
'McCarty D K'
'Salyn A L'
_journal_name_full 'American Mineralogist'
The piece of plastic waste I picked is a plastic bottle cap. This daily disposal being
collected on a beach in California made me think of the whole cycle of bottled water
industry. After doing some research, I found that the life cycle of a
Topic: Pollutants on the fish that humans consume
Outline: We will have 4 panels:
1. Know your regions
- Where do the fish come from? Atlantic? Pacific? etc.
2. Know your fish
- (big scale and popular vs. small scale and less popular)
3. Farmed VS. Free b
Title: Hydrological analysis on sediment reduction at the East China Sea caused by
the construction of Three Gorges Dam on the Yangzi River
The completion of The Three Gorges dam is a powerful engineering miracle in the
21st century world. I
Geography Summer 2015
Air quality has gotten worse in Utah throughout the years. We all know this,
even the government, and yet no one has done anything about it. Utah has had
protests about our air quality and the inversions t
Geography Summer 2015
June 30, 2015
Temperature: 100/ 95 degrees F
Scattered clouds through the valley
Barometer: 29.79 Hg
Winds: 9.3 MPH South
July 1, 2015
Temperature: 97/ 91 degrees F
Broken clouds through the
Welcome to EQPlotF2016: Earthquake Plotting
This spreadsheet facilitates plotting earthquake locations
around the world
It disinguishes between shallow (<50, Km) and deep (>50 Km) by
Data required are: Depth (Km), Latitude () an
The Coming Storm Winslow Homer (1901)
Why do they form?
What controls their
size and strength?
Why do they break?
How do they
How do they impact
What is a wave?
disturbance caused by the movement of energy
Quiz # 34
How is your project (due one week from today!) going?
the overall goal of your project,
what you have accomplished thus far,
what challenges you have encountered,
what you have left to do
(note: I will read through your response
What makes up the ocean forest?
picoplankton / nanoplankton
algae; aka: seaweed