22. AMERICAN EXPANSION, FOREIGN POLICY, AND WWI
1. Industrialization and Agriculture
2. Government expansion
19th Century Expansion:
Spanish-American War, 1898-1899
Adventurism in the
13. THE PECULIAR INSTITUTION: THE SOUTH AND SLAVERY, 1800-60
1820 = 1.5 million; 1860 = 4 million
short-staple cotton: King Cotton
Cotton gin and screw press
Cotton= 50% of US exports after 1840
South producing 50% of world cotton
15. THE CIVIL WAR, 1861-1865
Fort Sumter, SC, 12 April 1861
ISSUES: Union and Secession
Extension of Slavery
Battle of Manassas (Bull Run), July 1861
1. Coast: naval blockade
2. Far West: Indian mass
17. WINNING AND LOSING THE AMERICAN WEST, 1860-1900
Frederick Jackson Turner
The Significance of the Frontier in American History, (1893)
I. The West was FREE or OPEN LAND, a safety valve for an expanding nation.
Not open. Hispanic, Russi
19. URBAN AMERICA AND IMMIGRATION
US Population: 17m in 1840 to 106m in 1920
1880 = 70% Rural
1920 = 51.4% Urban
2. technology: construction, transport
Ethnic communities (ghettos)
Urban boss, and machi
21. ERA OF PROGRESSIVE REFORM
1. Belief in human progress and goodness.
2. Govt (by law) as active positive agent protecting civil liberties and society.
3. Money needed to solve social problems.
*Never a single or unifi
1. THE ORIGINAL AMERICANS
Los Indios image
1. Human, but simple, child-like
2. Dispersion: Tower of Babel
*Deficient in civilization.
Noble Savage image
Legal justifications for dispossession
3. PRELUDE TO REVOLUTION
questioning absolute authority/govt.
Physical distance from England
Colonial legislatures, self-govt.
*Developing sense of independent identit
5. REPUBLICANISM, THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION, AND AMERICAN
Power resides in voting citizens
1. nature of govt.
2. nature of people
*elite v. common citizens