Which two countries collaborated to weaken Persias
power? Britain and Russia
What did Shah Reza do to secularize Iran? He reduced
religion functions and imprisoned people that fought against
What caused the shah
Political stability is partly a function of _economic prosperity_.
Colonial powers used their Middle Eastern territories to provide what? To
supply the mother country with raw materials.
What innovation did Muslims reject that led one author to c
Under what banner did two leaders try to unify the peoples living in the
Arabian Peninsula in the 1700s? A puritanical banner known as the almuwahiddun or Unitarians though often called wahhabists.
What were some of the perks of being a Saudi citize
What have leaders used to discourage rebellion? What was the
justification? They use religion on behalf of the unity of the community and
the need to safeguard it against internal and external threats.
What is the Quran? Testimonies of God, lessons
What amenities existed in areas of the Middle East 5,000 years ago?
Running water, commercial systems, libraries, paved streets.
When did Middle Eastern armies defeat the Crusaders? 1290 CE
Why did Ottoman forces arrest Arab nationalists after WW
What is globalization? Institutions becoming universal.
What is the extent of family influence in Middle Eastern politics? They are
very significant, rangin from long-standing ruling families in the gulf arab
states. They control access to the head
What was different about the Tunisian transition from
colonialism than the Algerian and Kenyan experiences?
After the nationalists lost the 1956 election, to what did they
Why did Ben Ali have almost unfettered rule? Neo desto
Three Steps to Peace in the Middle East
The past two centuries have seen territories in the Middle East become independent
states. This has led to seemingly endless amounts of conflicts throughout the region that are both