Which theory is the most limited?
Disruption Theory is most limited
How do the one-process and two-process theories of punishment differ?
Twoprocess theory operant and classical
One-process theory only operant
What are six major problems with using punish
Sants: Ascetic holy men at the time of Guru Nanak, many of who spoke of divinity
as beyond all forms or description.
Tegh Bahadur: The ninth guru, who lived from 1621-1675.
Adi Granth: the collection of devotional hymns that Sikhs revere as
The Sant tradition influenced Sikhism because Guru Nanak, one of the first Sikhs
was associated with the tradition. Two main elements in the tradition were the
devotional Hinduism of communities and yoga, mainly hath yoga. There was also
What are the three necessary characteristics for punishment?
1. Behavior has a consequence (e.g., crime leads to prison, cheating leads to dismissal)
2. Behavior decreases in strength or frequency (e.g., crime declines, c
Resurgence: Return of a behavior following the extinction of another behavior (e.g., extinction
of day-care tantrums produces return to bed-time tantrums). Similar to regression, but not
always a return to a more primitive behavior.
Primary drives: hunger
What behavioral pattern on a cumulative record do the following schedules produce? Give
examples of each:
Fixed ratio (the stair-step function) piece rate, fixed commission
Variable ratio (the high, steadyrate function)
What effect do the following have on the acquisition of operant behaviors (i.e., on the speed
of conditioning or the strength of the response)?
1. Amount of reward - many small rewards are better than a few large rewards
2. Type of reward - the type of re
Provide examples of the following:
Stimulus generalization - flirt with people with red hair/ flirt with people with auburn hair
Response generalization - (e.g., punch a classmate, typing on a keyboard) to (e.g., kick
What are the two processes in the two-process theory of avoidance?
- Classical Conditioning
- UCS: A noxious stimulus that produces an unpleasant reaction
(e.g., flinch, startle reaction) or an escape response (e.g., jump aside, run
- CS: Some signa
Operant and Instrumental Conditioning: Generalization, Discrimination & Transfer
Stimulus generalization - The tendency for a response learned to one specific stimulus (e.g.,
flirt with people with red hair) to also occur for other, similar, sti
Operant (emitted) behavior - Operant behavior is said to be emitted in the sense that it occurs
at some probability in the presence of a discriminative stimulus, but the SD does not force its
Reflexive (elicited) behavior - respondent (CR) or