Evolution, Genetics, and Adaptation Sample Questions
Natural selection is a mechanism by which species adapt to changes in their environment.
True: Species adapt either because genetic alterations make them more fit for their environment,
or the enviro
Exam #3 sample questions
Learning and Memory sample questions
The basic premise behind radical behaviorism is that we should only study observable
behavior and that mental concepts are unnecessary.
True: What goes on inside the organism (the black box)
1. What was the original purpose of imprisonment as a form of criminal justice in the
Before the revolutionary war, jails were used for debtors and those awaiting trial.
2. How has the practice of incarceration changed since Colonial t
12. In temporal conditioning, we find that
There is not an identifiable conditioned stimulus
o The conditioned stimulus is inside the learner (e.g., an internal biological
clock) that cannot be observed or identified di
Supply some examples of the following transfer situations. Which produce positive transfer
and which produce negative transfer?
1. When recruits learn to make their beds correctly because this gets the drill instructor to
stop yelling, this illustrates
a. Positive Reinforcement
b. Negative Reinforcement
c. Classical Conditioning
d. Discriminative Stimulus
Social and Cognitive Sample Questions
There is no good evidence for vicarious learning of a classically conditioned response
True: Vicarious learning has not been demonstrated with classical conditioning. When
researchers have tried to show that an obs
Sample Reinforcement Questions:
Classical Conditioning refers to behaviors that are emitted; operant conditioning refers to
behaviors that are elicited.
A secondary reinforcer is a stimulus that has reinforcing properties because it has been
Sample Punishment and Scheduling Questions:
Punishment crosses the line into abuse when the receiver of the punishment is forced to do
something against his or her will
The relative value theory of reinforcement should predict that low probabil
Exam 2 Sample Questions
WARNING: Do not answer choice "e" in any multiple choice question. That choice is there for
entertainment value only and is NEVER correct.
1. The three major domains of psychology are behavior, cognition, and evolution.