Donghak/Tonghak: eastern learning, this was the original name of Choendogyo.
Shendao: Shinto reflects this Japanese term. the way (dao) of the spirits (shen)
Nihongi: the Chronicles of Japan, a second collection of ancient Japanese myths.
According to Hindu traditions, the Vedas are Shruti. This term has been used in
the Hindu tradition to denote the whole corpus. This shows that the Vedas do not
define the practices of most Hindus. The term is generally not accepted by
The source of the word shaman is thought to come from either the family that
belongs to the Siberian Tongue or by a descendent of the god of heaven whose
name is Dangun. The name for the shaman in the Korean Religion is mudang.
Meiji Restoration: also known as the Meiji Ishin, Revolution or Renewal, was a
chain of events that restored imperial rule to Japan in 1868.
Kamidana: a small shrine that many ordinary Japanese have. It serves as a family
alter, on which they place sacre
Study Guide: Hinduism
Indus Valley Civilization: 2500-600 BCE centered mostly in the western part of the
Indian Subcontinent and which flourished around the Indus River basin
Rta: Truth and justice, the rightness of things.
Atman: The individua
Two philosophers from the ninth to twelfth century are al-Kindi and Ibn Rushd. The
interest of the great Muslim thinkers was that a prophet is gifted with a sharp
intellect capable of receiving philosophical verities naturally and without any
The Christian Tradition
1.) Synoptic Gospels: First three gospels-Mark Luke and Matthew-underlying the
similarity of their perspectives in comparison with the very different perspective of John.
2.) Constantine: Gradually abandoned the persecut
The Islamic Tradition
Caliph: from the Arabic khalifah (one who represents or acts on behalf of another).
The caliph was the prophets successor as the head of the Muslim community;
the position became institutionalizes in the form of the caliph
The main differences between Sunni and Shii Islam is that for Sunni Muslims
the term imam refers to anyone who serves as the leader of prayer at the
mosque but for Shii imam is the title given to the one individual held to be the
rightful mandated leader
Chapter 1 Study Questions
The Europeans who first encountered the indigenous people in the Americas had
many questions about their culture. They wanted to know everything from the
nature of the Native people to the beliefs of the Native people. The Europe