Ch. 19 Air Pollution
AIR POLLUTION- TERMINOLOGY
Air pollution: chemicals added to the atmosphere by natural events or human activities in high enough concentrations to be harmful
2 categories: 1. Primary Air Pollutant- harmful substance emitted directly i
Ch. 3: Ecosystems and Energy
LEVELS OF ECOLOGICAL ORGANIZATION
Biosphere: part of earth that contains living organisms
Landscape: several interacting ecosystems (ex: bear hunting for salmon in a river, living in adjacent forest)
Ecosystem: community and p
Chapter 13: Water Resources
Lack of adequate water
765 million people worldwide but <10 L of clean water daily (Americans use ~340 L)
poor can pay ~20% of income on water (0.15% by book author)
Water infrastructure lowers cost- infrastructu
Case Study: Examining Mercury Bioaccumulation and Biomagnification
1. Mercury is in all fish and shellfish and brought on the EPA and FDA that issued the
2.There is a limitation for pregnant ladies and youthful youn
1. Over the past 900,000 years, the troposphere has experienced prolonged periods of global
cooling and global warming. For the past 1,000 years, temperatures have remained fairly stable
but began to rise during the last century.
Fast Food Wasteland
The fast food places me and my partner visited was McDonalds. I currently work at McDonalds
and I was able to analyze all the things being waste through a period of time of 6 hours or more.
To begin with wh
What is biodiversity?
What levels of biodiversity are we interested in measuring?
What is endangerment?
What is extinction?
What are the leading causes of both?
What are the characteristics of species that make species prone to extinction and endangerment
ROAD TO VERTEBRATES
3 Major groups (subphyla)
2) Cephalochordata: lancelets
fishes, mammals, etc
Characteristics (During at least part of their
THE LAST EXAM WILL BE CUMULATIVE with respect to the taxonomic names of organisms
we have learned thus far. The remaining material will be from the last section of the class.
1) What are the general characteristics of cetaceans?
ENVI 121 Lecture Exam #2 Review Sheet:
Make sure you can fully answer these questions. Dont use this review sheet as your
only means of studying. Make sure you study lecture notes, the book, and relevant
material in the lab manual.
Memorize the phyla we d
Physical Properties of Water in Mission Bay and how they are affected by Weather
Mission Bay is
Figure 1: This is a map of Mission Bay, showing the locations in which water was sampled.
Location 1 is S
About 6000 species
Poles to tropics
What type of symmetry?
Echinodermata (general characteristics)
Have an internal skeleton of Ca
ENVI 121 Study Guide Fall 2013
The exam will follow standard format with various types of questions reflecting the material we have
covered in the first unit of the course. Questions will be presented in the following categories:
Chordates and Vertebrates
Fishes (Subphylum Vertebrata):
What is a good working definition of a fish?
*A fish is finned, aquatic, and gill breathing vertebrate.
Limbs developed as fins
Body usually covered with scales
Respiratory apparatus is usually g
Envi 121Insulation Lab
Wednesdays lab was designed to compare the use of fur and blubber as insulation in
mammals, with a focus being on sea otters and whales. To compare the effectiveness of these two
different types of insulation, water ball
Ch 18 Land Resources
ecosystem services the benefits people obtain from ecosystems
land use change the conversion of land from natural to human-disturbed communities for
resource extraction, such as agriculture, mining, or pastoral land use
Environmental Laws, Economics, and Ethics
I. A Brief Environmental History of the United States
A. frontier attitude t
i. Utilitarian conservationists
ii. biocentric preservationist
B. Conservation in the mid-20th century
i. Franklin Roosevelt
Water Use and Resource
Overview of Chapter 15