In the space below, explain in detail how insulin and glucagon regulate blood glucose
during an 8 hour fast and after eating a high carbohydrate meal. Next discuss the
similarities and differences between type I vs. type II diabetes. Lastly compare the
In the space below, draw an alveoli and associated pulmonary capillary. Explain in
detail how O2 moves between the blood and alveoli in the lung. Next, explain Ficks
Law of Diffusion and expand on the 3 factors that influence oxygen movement.
Aplastic Anemia BM cant produce RBC
Cellular depletion and fat tissue replacement, <25% cellularity and
low numbers of at least two blood cell types. Can be due to drugs,
chemical, irradiation, infections and immune disorders. It appears
2. The most common NH lymphoma world-wide is
a. Burkitt lymphoma
b. follicular B cell lymphoma
c. marginal zone lymphoma
*d. diffuse B cell lymphoma
e. peripheral T cell lymphoma, unspecified
4. Which of the following statements about multiple my
1. Leukemia is best defined as a
a. malignant disease of blood cell types focused in the peripheral tissues such as liver, spleen, and lymph
b. malignant disease that is always rapidly progressive and invariably fatal.
*c. malignant disease of hema
1. CML is
a. a classic leukemia with a mutation in the JAK2 gene that occurs in a myeloid progenitor cell.
b. an acute leukemia despite its name.
c. the same thing as polycythemia vera.
d. associated with the Philadelphia chromosome, which is an abnormal
Hematology Exam 3 Study Guide
Normal morphology. Reference Value 150 400 x 10^3 microliter
Thrombocytosis: an increased number of platelets. So they are clumped
together, most likely due to in vitro placement. Some can be s
1. Identify the white blood cell.
a. Reactive lymphocyte
d. Small lymphocyte
e. Large lymphocyte
2. Ignore the center abnormal white blood cell! Looking at the rest of the picture, what white
blood cell types can be see
*a. results from a somatic defect in the PIG-A gene in a single hematopoietic pluripotent stem
cell that leads to red cells that cant protect themselves from activated complement proteins.
b. is a congenital disease resulting from a mutati
1. G6PD deficiency is a mutation in an enzyme in the
a. Embden-Meyerhof pathway which leads to decreased ATP production in the red blood cell.
*b. hexose monophosphate shunt (or phosphogluconate pathway) which ultimately leads to decreased
1. Which of the following statements about malaria is/are true?
*a. Malaria is associated with a normocytic, normochromic anemia.
*b. Hemolysis of red cells occurs intravascularly in malaria, resulting in a hemolytic anemia.
*c. The diagnosis of
1. A patient with a fever is seen is a small clinic that lacks an automated cell counter. The
clinical hematologist working in the clinic dilutes the blood in WBC diluting fluid to a final
dilution of 1/100. The total number of WBCs counted in each of the
1. What are some of the abnormal red cell types/inclusions that can be observed in the Wright stain of a
peripheral blood smear from a patient with some form of anemia?
a. Howell-Jolly bodies
d. Heinz bodies
1. A patient suffering from chronic fatigue is seen in a clinic. A CBC is done and the MCV value
for the red cells is 74 and the MCHC is 29%. Which of the following would be the most important
test(s) to do next?
a. total serum iron and total iron binding
Type: MA (multiple answers are correct)
1. The unique characteristics of the pleuripotent hematopoietic stem cell include that they
a. are self-renewing (regenerate themselves).
b. can divide and produce mature progeny.
c. can produce all the lineages of
1. The roles of the blood vessel in controlling clotting/bleeding include
*a. contraction of smooth muscle in the media of an injured vessel, constricting blood flow to
*b. exposure of the basement membrane (aka the subendothelium
Influences on Distributions I:
Ecology and the Environment
Biotic Influences on Distributions
General patterns of distribution and abundance
Overview of what determines species ranges
More details about va
Logistic growth with time lags
Density dependence and independence
R0 = Net Reproductive rate
Net Reproductive Rate:
Number of female offspring produc
1) Chang.H.T et al. 2012. Toxic equine Parkinsonism: An immunhistochemical study of ten horses
with nigropallidal enceohalomalacia. Veterinary Pathology. Volume 49:398-402
This article examines if the toxicity, and pathological
Which levels of biological organization are defined as 'Population Ecology'?
10 out of 10 points
Which photosynthetic pathway is commonly found in tropical plant species as an
adaptive response to high solar radiation?
10 out of 10
Which nutrient is mainly responsible for algal bloom in freshwater lakes?
2 out of 2 points
Which of the following units could NOT be a unit for nutrient fluxes?
2 out of 2 poin
11/2/15 7:40 PM
11/2/15 7:58 PM
11/3/15 1:00 PM
Attempt Score 50 out of 50 points
Time Elapsed 18 minutes
ECOLOGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT BIOL 354 FALL 2014
STUDY GUIDE FOR EXAM 2
Lecture 8: Competition (Chapter 10)
What kinds of competition are there?
What was a major conclusion from simple laboratory experiments on competition?
How can the niche be defined?
Lotka-Voltera Competition Model Worksheet
The competition equation creates two mechanisms by which population growth can be slowed:
What are the terms in these equations that dictate
Ecology final exam study guide
Chapter 24: Nutrient Cycles
Overview: Human impacts on nutrient cycling
Nutrient pools and fluxes
Impacts of acid rain on forests and rivers
The cycling of elements is a major aspect of how
Ecology Exam 1 Study Guide
Lecture 1: what is ecology (ch.1,2,3)
Ecology: The scientific study of interactions that determine the distribution and abundance of organisms
-Interactions are interspecific mutualism individuals with a population and co-exist