Pager, Devah. (2003). The Mark of a Criminal Record. AJS. Vol. 108, Iss. 5; pgs. 937975.
While stratification researchers typically focus on schools, labor markets, and the family
as primary ins
Topalli, Volkan. (2005). When Being Good is Bad: An Expansion of Neutralization
Theory. Criminology. Vol. 43, Iss. 3; pgs. 797-835.
Traditional subcultural theorists believe that offenders oper
Elrod, Preston, Soderstorm, Irina R., May, David C. (2008). Theoretical Predictors of
Delinquency In and Out of School Among a Sample of Rural Public School Youth.
Southern Rural Sociology. Vol. 23, Iss. 2: 13
Unnever, James D., Cullen, Francis T., Pratt, Travis C. Parental Management, ADHD,
and Delinquent Involvement: Reassessing Gottfredson and Hirschis General Theory.
Justice Quarterly: JQ. Highland Heights: Sep
February 1, 2012 Social Learning Theories
Assume human behavior is a product of immediate surroundings and what you learn from
a. Differential Association: who you know, hang with, who teaches you
Criminology Notes 2/24/17
Structural Strain Theory Merton (1938)
Shared cultural goal $
Institutionalized means through hard work shared cultural rituals.
Mismatch between [goals (that you want) + reality] STRAIN = anomie (the feeling of
Crim Notes 4/10/17
Low self-control Crime
Analogous behavior: not really crime, but show some of the same issue of
o Low self-control comes from the default of lack of teaching from parents, significant
Monday, February 6, 2017
Crim Notes 2/6/17
Research project due Friday, February 17, 2017
Matrix/Outline due Friday, February 10, 2017 2/13/17 at the latest.
Exam #1 Monday, February 13, 2017
Official statistics/UCR (
Crim Notes 3/27/17
Learning Theories: Page(s) 297- 302, 326-328
Attempt to explain how and why individuals learn from significant others to engage in criminal rather
than conventional behavior.
Tabula rasa blank slate; people are born with no tendency tow
Crim Notes 4-12-17
These bonds include: attachment to parents, school, and peers; commitment to conventional lines of
action; involvement in conventional activities; and belief in a common value system.
1: for males and females, attachment bond variables
Criminology Notes 2/15/17
What are theories?
o Explanation for phenomena.
o Crime rates; higher or lower.
We largely see integration of theories or multiple theories.
Classical individual choice
Positive/Deterministic outside factors; passive (cultural
Criminology Notes 2-22
Routine Activities Theory daily patterns of life; things we do on a regular basis.
o Cohen & Felson 1979 were seeing changes in the daily patterns of life.
Women in the work force more; interacting more, not at home as much
Crim Homework Notes Life Course
Marriage reduces crime.
o Marriage is correlated with desistance
4 Reasons why marriage would cause desistance?
o Social bonds/social control
o Routine activities
o Direct control social bonds, social learning,
Criminology Notes - March 17, 2017
Disorganized neighborhood? Yes, vacancies; it is a sign of mobility
Lack of social control the neighborhood cant control the playground of the older kids
Why would the playground help?
Fixing broken playground fixing phy
For all theories, think about:
Strengths and limitations of theory
Does it explain all types of crime?
Does it explain age/gender/race/class patterns?
Does it explain change in crime over time?
How would we reduce crime?
Benda, Brent B. & Corwyn, Robert Flynn. (1997). Religion and Delinquency: The
Relationship after Considering Family and Peer Influences. Journal of the Scientific
Study of Religion. Vol. 36, Iss. 1; pgs. 81-9
Mears, Daniel P. & Bales, William D. (2009). Supermax Incarceration and Recidivism.
Criminology. Vol 47, Iss 4.
Since the early 1980s, supermax incarceration has become common in America. This
Hay, Carter & Forrest, Walter. (2008).Self-Control Theory and the Concept of
Opportunity: The Case for a More Systematic Union. American Society of Criminology.
The purpose of t
Farnworth, Margaret & Leiber, Michael J. (1989). Strain Theory Revisited: Economic
Goals. Educational Means and Delinquency. American Sociological Review. Vol. 54,
Iss. 2; pgs. 263-274.
Gordon, Rachel A., Lahey, Benjamin B., Kawai, Eriko, Loeber, Rolf, et al. (2004).
Antisocial Behavior and Youth Gang Membership: Selection and Socialization.
Criminology. Vol. 42, Iss. 1; pg. 55, 33 pgs.
Antonaccio, Olena & Tittle, Charles R. (2008). Morality, Self-Control, and Crime.
Criminology. Vol. 46, Iss. 2; pgs. 479-505
It is important to explore in more detail the interrelationships bet
Sunshine, Jason & Tyler, Tom R. (2003). The Role of Procedural Justice and Legitimacy
in Shaping Public Support for Policing. Law and Society Review. Vol. 37, Iss. 3; pgs.
This study ex
Hirschfield, Paul J. & Piquero, Alex R. (2010). Normalizing and Legitimation:
Modeling Stigmatizing Attitudes Toward Ex-Offenders. Criminology. Vol. 48, Iss. 1;
Kane, Robert J. (2005). Compromised Police Legitimacy as a Predictor of Violent Crime
in Structurally Disadvantaged Communities. Criminology. Vol. 43, Iss. 2; pgs. 469-498
This study examined wh
Mitchell, Jim, Dodder, Richard A., Norris, Terry D. (1990). Neutralization and
Delinquency: A Comparison by Sex and Ethnicity. Adolescence. Vol. 25, Iss. 98; pgs.
A path model depicting
Konty, Mark. (2005). Microanomie: The Cognitive Foundations of the Relationship
Between Anomie and Deviance. Criminology. Vol. 43, Iss. 1; pg. 107-131
Emile Durkheim and Robert Merton have both
Cernkovich, Stephen A. & Giordano, Peggy C. (1992). School Bonding, Race, and
Delinquency. Criminology. Vol. 30, Iss. 2; pgs. 261-287.
While there is great evidence that blacks experience schoo
Cromwell, Paul F., Olsen, James N., & Avary, DAunn Wester. Breaking and Entering:
An Ethnographic Analysis of Burglary. Studies in Crime, Law, and Justice. Vol. 8; pgs.
A great amount of
Haynie, Dana L. & McHugh, Suzanne. Sibling Deviance: In the Shadows of Mutual and
Unique Friendship Effects? Criminology. Beverly Hills: May 2003. Vol. 41, Iss 2; pg.
355, 37 pgs.