36
competitiveness How effec-
tively an organization meets
the wants and needs of cus—
tomers relative to others that
offer similar goods or
services. '
Part One introduction
ENiQGDUCiEQN
In this chapter you ,will learn about the different ways companie
IE 8sz edition
William J. Stevenson
Rochester Institute of Technology
‘ ‘ McGraw-Hill
H Irwin
Boston Burr Ridge, IL Dubuque, lA Madison, Wl New York San Francisco St. Louis
Bangkok Bogota Caracas Kuala Lumpur Lisbon London Madrid Mexico City
Milan M
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14
Chapter
Enterprise resource
planning (ERP)
Source: Northampton Symphony Orchestra
Introduction
One of the most important issues in planning and controlling operations is managing the sometimes
vast amounts of inform
1-1
Introduction to Operations Management
Subjects covered
Introduction to Operations Management
Competitiveness, Strategy and Productivity
Production management
Modern production systems: MRP, ERP, JIT
Introduction to supply chain management
Logistics
Pr
Procurement
Procurement
PURCHASING gives a mechanism for initiating and controlling the flow of
materials through a supply chain.
Purchasing is the function responsible for acquiring all the materials needed by
an organisation.
PROCUREMENT is responsible
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1
Chapter
Operations management
Source: Corbis/Jon Fiengersh
Introduction
Operations management is about how organizations produce goods and services. Everything you
wear, eat, sit on, use, read or knock about on the sports
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4
Chapter
Process design
Source: Joe Schwarz, www.joyrides.com.
Introduction
Say you are a designer and most people will assume that you are someone who is concerned with
how a product looks. But the design activity
Logistics
Logistics
Logistics
function that is responsible for the movement
of materials and information.
it is responsible for the transport and storage
of materials on their journey between
suppliers and customers.
Logistics moves materials around this
6-1
Process Selection and Facility Layout
Operations Management
Process Selection
and Facility Layout
6-2
Process Selection and Facility Layout
Introduction
Process selection
Deciding on the way production of goods or
services will be organized
Major impl
2-1 Competitiveness, Strategy, and Productivity
Operations Management
2-2 Competitiveness, Strategy, and Productivity
Competitiveness:
How effectively an organization meets the
wants and needs of customers relative to
others that offer similar goods or se
Operations Management
MRP, ERP and JIT
MRP
Material requirements planning (MRP):
Computer-based information system that
translates master schedule requirements for
end items into time-phased requirements for
subassemblies, components, and raw
materials.
F
Operations Management
Management
of Quality
Quality Management
Five approaches to quality (David Garvin):
the transcendent approach the absolute the best possible, in
terms of the products or services specification.
the manufacturing-based approach making
Basic Structures
Section 2.3 Functions
Definitions
Function: Let A and B be sets. A function (mapping,
map) f from A to B, denoted f : A B, is a subset of
AB, and is a rule that assigns to each element a A
exactly one element f(a) B, called the value of
Basic Structures
Section 2.1 Sets
Set Definition
A set is a collection of objects or elements or
members.
A set is said to contain its elements.
There must be an underlying universal set U (the set
containing everything currently under consideration),
ei
Logic
Section 1.3 Propositional Equivalences
Definitions
A tautology is a proposition which is always
true.
Classic Example: PP
A contradiction is a proposition which is
always false.
Classic Example: : PP
A contingency is a proposition which neither a
Basic Structures
Section 2.2 Set Operations
Logic and Set Theory
Propositional calculus and set theory are both
instances of an algebraic system called a
Boolean Algebra
The operators in set theory are defined in terms
of the corresponding operators in
pr
Proof
Section 5.1 Mathematical Induction
Definitions
Definition: A set S is well ordered if every subset
has a least element.
Let P(x) be a predicate over a well ordered set S.
The problem is to prove
"xP(x) .
The rule of inference called
The (first) p
Algorithms
Section 3.2 The Growth of Functions
Topics
Big-O Definition
Big-O by little-O
Complexity Classes
Properties and theorems of Big-O
Big Omega and Big Theta
The Growth of Functions
1
Overview
What really matters in comparing the
complexity o
Recursion
Section 5.3 Recursive Definitions
Recursive form
Recursive form defines a set, an equation,
or a process by defining a starting set or
value and giving a rule for continuing to build
the set, equation, or process based on
previously defined ite
Proof
Section 1.6, 7 & 8 Rules of Inference and
Intro to Proofs
Definitions
A theorem is a valid logical assertion which can be proved
using
other theorems
axioms (statements which are given to be true) and
rules of inference (logical rules which allow t
Logic
Section 1.4 & 1.5 Predicates and
Quantifiers
Predicate
A generalization of propositions - propositional
functions or predicates: propositions which contain
variables.
Examples:
Let U = Z, the integers = cfw_. . . -2, -1, 0 , 1, 2, 3, .
P(x): x > 0
Recursion
Section 5.4 Recursive Algorithms
Recursive Algorithms
A recursive algorithm is one which calls itself
to solve smaller versions of an input
problem.
Some algorithms are recursive by nature:
Binary search
Fibonacci sequence
Recursive Algorithms
Algorithms
Section 3.3 Complexity of Algorithms
Algorithm Complexity
Space Complexity: Determine the
approximate memory required to solve a
problem of size n.
Time Complexity: Determine the
approximate number of operations required to
solve a problem of
HARDWARE LAB 2
Designing BCD-to-seven-segment decoder
Digital Design: CPEN214
NAME_
A BCD-to-seven-segment decoder is a combinational circuit that converts a decimal digit in BCD
to an appropriate code for the selection of segments in a display indicator
HARDWARE LAB 1
Combinational Design
Digital Design: CPEN214
NAME_
Introduction
The purpose of this experiment is to introduce you to the basics of digital design, wiring
and testing logic circuits. In this lab, you will connect several logic gates to crea
Electrical Fundamentals
We need some understanding of electrical fundamentals to
do the lab exercises.
Electric Circuit Consists of:
Power Source: Battery, Power Supply (DC or AC)
Wires: usually conductors used to connect various
electric circuit elemen
Boolean Algebra
4 Why study Boolean Algebra?
It is highly desirable to find the simplest circuit
implementation with the smallest number of gates or
wires.
We can use Boolean minimization process to reduce a
Boolean function (expression) to its simplest f
HARDWARE LAB 3
Designing 3-Bit Synchronous Counter Using Flip-Flops
NAME_
A digital counter is a device that generates binary numbers in a specified count sequence. The
counter progresses through the specified sequence of numbers when triggered by an inco