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2012 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
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competitiveness How effec-
tively an organization meets
the wants and needs of cus—
tomers relative to others that
offer similar goods or
services. '
Part One introduction
ENiQGDUCiEQN
In this ch
IE 8sz edition
William J. Stevenson
Rochester Institute of Technology
‘ ‘ McGraw-Hill
H Irwin
Boston Burr Ridge, IL Dubuque, lA Madison, Wl New York San Francisco St. Louis
Bangkok Bogota Caraca
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14
Chapter
Enterprise resource
planning (ERP)
Source: Northampton Symphony Orchestra
Introduction
One of the most important issues in planning and controlling oper
1-1
Introduction to Operations Management
Subjects covered
Introduction to Operations Management
Competitiveness, Strategy and Productivity
Production management
Modern production systems: MRP, ERP, J
Procurement
Procurement
PURCHASING gives a mechanism for initiating and controlling the flow of
materials through a supply chain.
Purchasing is the function responsible for acquiring all the materials
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1
Chapter
Operations management
Source: Corbis/Jon Fiengersh
Introduction
Operations management is about how organizations produce goods and services. Everything you
we
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4
Chapter
Process design
Source: Joe Schwarz, www.joyrides.com.
Introduction
Say you are a designer and most people will assume that you are someone who is conce
Logistics
Logistics
Logistics
function that is responsible for the movement
of materials and information.
it is responsible for the transport and storage
of materials on their journey between
supplie
6-1
Process Selection and Facility Layout
Operations Management
Process Selection
and Facility Layout
6-2
Process Selection and Facility Layout
Introduction
Process selection
Deciding on the way produ
2-1 Competitiveness, Strategy, and Productivity
Operations Management
2-2 Competitiveness, Strategy, and Productivity
Competitiveness:
How effectively an organization meets the
wants and needs of cust
Operations Management
MRP, ERP and JIT
MRP
Material requirements planning (MRP):
Computer-based information system that
translates master schedule requirements for
end items into time-phased requireme
Operations Management
Management
of Quality
Quality Management
Five approaches to quality (David Garvin):
the transcendent approach the absolute the best possible, in
terms of the products or services
Basic Structures
Section 2.3 Functions
Definitions
Function: Let A and B be sets. A function (mapping,
map) f from A to B, denoted f : A B, is a subset of
AB, and is a rule that assigns to each eleme
Basic Structures
Section 2.1 Sets
Set Definition
A set is a collection of objects or elements or
members.
A set is said to contain its elements.
There must be an underlying universal set U (the set
c
Logic
Section 1.3 Propositional Equivalences
Definitions
A tautology is a proposition which is always
true.
Classic Example: PP
A contradiction is a proposition which is
always false.
Classic Exampl
Basic Structures
Section 2.2 Set Operations
Logic and Set Theory
Propositional calculus and set theory are both
instances of an algebraic system called a
Boolean Algebra
The operators in set theory ar
Proof
Section 5.1 Mathematical Induction
Definitions
Definition: A set S is well ordered if every subset
has a least element.
Let P(x) be a predicate over a well ordered set S.
The problem is to pro
Algorithms
Section 3.2 The Growth of Functions
Topics
Big-O Definition
Big-O by little-O
Complexity Classes
Properties and theorems of Big-O
Big Omega and Big Theta
The Growth of Functions
1
Over
Recursion
Section 5.3 Recursive Definitions
Recursive form
Recursive form defines a set, an equation,
or a process by defining a starting set or
value and giving a rule for continuing to build
the se
Proof
Section 1.6, 7 & 8 Rules of Inference and
Intro to Proofs
Definitions
A theorem is a valid logical assertion which can be proved
using
other theorems
axioms (statements which are given to be tr
Logic
Section 1.4 & 1.5 Predicates and
Quantifiers
Predicate
A generalization of propositions - propositional
functions or predicates: propositions which contain
variables.
Examples:
Let U = Z, the
Recursion
Section 5.4 Recursive Algorithms
Recursive Algorithms
A recursive algorithm is one which calls itself
to solve smaller versions of an input
problem.
Some algorithms are recursive by nature
Algorithms
Section 3.3 Complexity of Algorithms
Algorithm Complexity
Space Complexity: Determine the
approximate memory required to solve a
problem of size n.
Time Complexity: Determine the
approxim
HARDWARE LAB 2
Designing BCD-to-seven-segment decoder
Digital Design: CPEN214
NAME_
A BCD-to-seven-segment decoder is a combinational circuit that converts a decimal digit in BCD
to an appropriate cod
HARDWARE LAB 1
Combinational Design
Digital Design: CPEN214
NAME_
Introduction
The purpose of this experiment is to introduce you to the basics of digital design, wiring
and testing logic circuits. In
Electrical Fundamentals
We need some understanding of electrical fundamentals to
do the lab exercises.
Electric Circuit Consists of:
Power Source: Battery, Power Supply (DC or AC)
Wires: usually con
Boolean Algebra
4 Why study Boolean Algebra?
It is highly desirable to find the simplest circuit
implementation with the smallest number of gates or
wires.
We can use Boolean minimization process to r