1.The body's first-line barrier defense is considered to be what?
The skin is the first line of barrier defense. It acts as a physical barrier to protect the
internal tissues and organs
1.The patient is having an acute malarial attack with chills and fever. The nurse knows
chills and fever are caused by what?
Formation of sporozoites into the system
Rupture of red blood cells due to invasion of merozoites
Invasion of the tsetse
1.A nurse working in radiology administers iodine to a patient who is having a computed
tomography (CT) scan. The nurse working on the oncology unit administers
chemotherapy to patients who have cancer. At the Public Health Department, a nurse
1.The nurse is calculating a drug dosage and converting from milligrams to grams. What
measurement system is the nurse using?
The metric system is the most wi
1.A patient asks the nurse how an anti-infective produces a therapeutic effect. What key
point will the nurse explain to this patient?
Drugs used to treat infections date back to the 17th century.
All anti-infectives work in the same way to destroy
1.The nurse is teaching a class on muscular coordination and explains it is the movement of
what electrolyte that contributes to the process of muscle contraction and relaxation?
1.A 32-year-old female patient is admitted to the floor with a superinfection. Her orders
read tigecycline (Tygacil) 100 mg IV followed by 50 mg IV every 12 hours infused over
30 to 60 minutes for 5 days. What would be important for the nurse to educate t
1.A public health nurse is speaking to parents of first graders. When discussing worm
infection, the nurse will explain that the most common type found in U.S. school-aged
children is what?
1.A nurse has admitted a 10-year-old child to the short-stay unit. The child has complained
of chronic headaches and his or her mother reports that he or she gives him or her
acetaminophen (Tylenol) at least twice a day. What will the nurse evaluate?
1.The nurse explains why viruses are so difficult to treat when making what statement?
Viruses are contained inside the human cell and cannot be destroyed without
destroying the cell.
Release of interferons by the host cell makes the virus replicate
1.The nurse is caring for a patient in a state of hypnosis, which means the patient is in what
A state of extreme sedation in which the person no longer senses or reacts to
A state of tranquility in which the person can be m
1.The nursing instructor is discussing immunity with her clinical group. What statement
would the instructor make that would be accurate about immunity?
Active immunity occurs with injected antibodies that react with specific antigens.
1.A 17-year-old male patient with athlete's foot is extremely upset that he cannot get rid of
it. He calls the clinic and asks the nurse whether the doctor can give him an antibiotic to
cure the infection. What should the nurse include in the explanation
1.A patient is admitted to the emergency department in shock. Isoproterenol (Isuprel) is
administered. What would the nurse expect the effect of the isoproterenol to be?
Increased blood pressure
Decreased blood pressure
Increased body temperature
DIVISIONS OF THE
There are 3 divisions of the nervous
Central nervous system - brain and spinal
Peripheral nervous system - nerves of the
Autonomic nervous system - peripheral
nerves and ganglia t
FUNCTIONS OF THE
Provides exchange of carbon dioxide
and oxygen in the body
Responsible for production of sound
PROCESS OF RESPIRATION
Process of Respiration
External respiration (breathing or
ventilation) - excha
Anatomy & Physiology
Basic unit of structure and function in all
Carry out specific activities
science that investigates formation,
structure and function of cells
Cells contain many parts
Muscle tissue is specialized
for contraction (shortening)
The purpose of muscles is to
Muscles cells are known as
Myo- word part meaning
Types of Muscle
slender column of
continuous with brain
begins at level of
and terminates near
first and second
Continuation of the Medulla Oblongata
Divided into 31
Anatomy and Physiology I
Appendages (hair, nails, sebaceous
glands, sweat glands)
Skin serves as protection
Integument, cutaneous membrane
Tough, pliable, multifunctional
Our bodies are made up
of different chemicals
To understand our body
we must understand
some general chemical
that occupies space and
Exists in 3 state
General Senses- senses that are widely
distributed throughout the body
Special Senses- senses that the
receptors are localized in a specific
area of the body
Touch & Pressure
(not for the faint of heart)
FUNCTIONS OF THE
Contains necessary organs capable of
Synthesizes hormones necessary for
the development of reproductive organs
and secondary sex characteristics
Intro To Structural Units
INTRODUCTION TO THE
study of body structure
study of how the body functions
To understand our
learn not only
structures of the
body, but also how
Anatomy and Physiology I
Framework of body
206 individual bones
Hinged others fused
Structure and formation of bones
Lymphatic System &
Lymphatic System and Immunity
Lymphatic system is a supplement to the
circulatory system that is composed of:
2. Lymph nodes
3. Lymph vessels
4. The spleen
5. The thymus gland
6. Lymphoid tissue in the intes
1.What part of the neuron carries information into the neuron from other neurons?
Dendrites carry information to the nerve and axons; they also carry information from a
nerve to be transmitted to eff
Word Roots (combining forms)
Meanings based on word parts
Basic Medical Terms
Word Part G
functions in the regulation of body activities
consists of glands that secrete hormones
2 major categories of glands:
1. Exocrine - have ducts that carry their secretions to a surface. Examples sweat, salivary,
MED 166: Anatomy & Physiology I
Chapter 2 CHEMISTRY OF LIVING THINGS
Our bodies are made up of different chemicals.
To understand our body we must understand some general chemical principles.
- Anything that occupies space and has weight
- Exists i
Anatomy & Physiology II
Final Study Guide
1. Name the components of plasma.
2. What type of cells are blood cells derived from?
3. List the different types of blood cells, what they do, and their normal values.
4. Name the different types of WBCs
What is blood?
Iron is the mineral necessary for the formation of
The process of blood cell formation is
Average adult has 8 to 10 pints of blood
Give life give blood
FUNCTION AND COMPOSITION OF
Common name for circulatory vessels or ducts in which interstitial fluid that is not reabsorbed into
tcapillaries is collected and drained into the main circulatory system. Unlike circulatory system it has
no muscular pump or heart.
consists of 2 kidneys, 2 ureters, one bladder and one urethra
rids body of waste materials including nitrogenous wastes, certain salts, and excess water
regulates fluid volume
maintains electrolyte balance in body fluids
MED166: Anatomy & Physiology I
Chapter 1 - INTRODUCTION TO THE STRUCTURAL UNITS
Anatomy study of body structure
Physiology study of how the body functions
-logy study of
Pathology study of disease
Pathophysiology the study of the disorders o