Rashid had contact with Charlemagne he respected him. Rashid used an official
called a vizier. Interest in keeping alive classic Greek teachings. Arabs preserved a
lot of it and translated it into Arabic. They believed studying Greek philosop
1000-1500. Medieval, castles, cathedrals-a church where a bishop has his
headquarters. Memorable and Beautiful. Tells us these people were very focused
on religion (Christianity). They werent very concerned with life before after life.
America was unknown. Pre-Columbian period- before Columbus. America was
inhabited as late as 15000 years ago. Most plausible explanation how people got
there is, Bering Strait Alaska could have been connected by Russia by land or ice.
So they coul
Council of Nicaea
A consul meeting of church officials. Council of Nicaea called in by Constantine.
Look up where niceae was. Constantine was at meetings. Most spoke Greek.
Issued a statement to proclaim what they agreed on in the meeting became part of
Trial of Ordeal
Most common trial. Trials later done by smaller jury called petty jury. Start around
1200s. Vassals judged in a court by other vassals. King John. Horrible king John
(softsword) liar and cheat. Vassal in England called barons. Barons rebel
Terms- Muhammad, Mecca, Kaaba.
3rd example of monotheism. Comes out of Arabia in sw Asia. Mostly desert. Most
important city mecca on central western side of Arabia. Arabs were polytheistic
and mecca was big trading city but in it was the Kaaba- a b
Important ties with Hebrews and Christianity. 1334-1348 Marika. Constantly
fighting his Islamic neighbors. Still that way today. Ne Africa long history with
jews and Christians. East coast of Africa Central eastern coast regional name is
Group of islands of ne side of Asia. Has its own unique way of doing things. Has
unique religion called Shinto-the way of the gods. Religion of ancestors and
natures power. They have a habit of borrowing ideas from other countries. Main
island of Ja
Sahara Desert separates Africa in a major way. Area north of it interacts with
Rome. Very important barrier for Northern quarter of Africa from other 3 quarters
of Africa. Below the desert is a region called Sudan-means grassland basically.
New religious idea that came out of Roman Empire that came out of Judea. Jewish
people divided among themselves. In this environment comes Jesus. The new
testament is where we get most of our info about Jesus. Bible tells us Jesus is from
Week Two: Early Globalization and Early Capitalism, 1500-1800
Bartolomeo Diaz- anoblemanofthePortugueseroyalhousehold,wasa