Chapter 7 Reading Guide
Knowing (Semantic Memory)
How are categories represented in semantic memory?
Theories of categorization:
Probabilistic views: Prototype model and Exemplar model
Characteristics of human categories: T
Chapter 11 Reading Guide
Decisions, Judgments & Reasoning
Chapter Overview (you only need to read a small portion of this textbook chapter and a few pages from an extra pdf file)
What is decision making?
What does it mean by making a rational decision?
Practice MCs for Chapters 5-6
You can find the answer in the authors note
Ever since Grace took a class in Spanish vocabulary at
university, she has been having trouble remembering
the French words that she learned in high school. This is
an example of wh
Practice MCs for Chapters 1-2
Who established the first psychological lab in
a) Wilhelm Wundt
b) John Watson
c) Noam Chomsky
Which are NOT the assumptions of Cognitive
a) Mental processes exist
b) Only observable and quantifiable
Practice MCs for Chapters 3 & 4
Try to complete these MCs before
the weekly quiz and Exam
Answers are given in the
authors note of this ppt
Sperling (1960 ) used a procedure called partial report. What topic was he investigating?
Practice MCs for Chapters 9-10
These MCs are similar to those in the
That background characteristics within the language
have been proposed
to change how people view the world reflects
A. The Sapir-Whorf
B. The case grammar
Chapter 12 Reading Guide
What method can be used to study Problem Solving?
What is a Problem?
Well-defined vs. ill-defined problems
What are the difficulties in Problem Solving?
Chapter 6 Reading Guide
Learning and Remembering
What are the components of LTM?
Declarative/explicit: episodic vs. semantic memory
What are the mental processes involved in forming memories?
Chapter 10 Reading Guide
Comprehension: Written & Spoken Language
Aphasia: dissociation of syntax & semantics (this portion is from Chapter 9)
Brocas area: syntactic process
Wernickes area: semantic process
What can online comprehension t
Chapter 3 Reading Guide
Perception and Pattern Recognition
What is the difference between Sensation & Perception?
Visual sensory memory
What are the capacity and storage duration?
How does forgetting happen?
How do we recognize visual p
Chapter 1 Reading Guide
Cognitive Psychology: An Introduction
What is Cognitive Psychology?
What are the definitions of Memory and Cognition?
When and where did Cognitive Psychology originate?
Psychology in Germany: Focus on Introspectio
Chapter 9 Reading Guide
What is language?
What is so special about Human Language?
Does animal communication also count as language?
What are the Levels of Analysis?
How to figure out the meaning of a sentence?
Chapter 8 Reading Guide
Using Knowledge in the Real World
What is Reconstructive Memory?
How do we use Semantic Memory as guides?
What is a Schema? What are Scripts?
What is the influence of Schema on memory?
How do we comprehend and re
Chapter 4 Reading Guide
What is attention?
What are the properties of attention?
How much control do we have over attention?
Input attention vs. Controlled attention
Input attention: Spotlight metaphor for visual attention?
Chapter 2 Reading Guide
The Cognitive Science Approach
How to measure invisible mental processes scientifically?
(1) RTs (2) Response Accuracies (3) Pattern of Errors
What are the metaphors for the Mind?
What is the computer metaphor?
Chapter 5 Reading Guide
Short-term/ Working Memory
What is the capacity and duration of storage of STM?
What is the difference between STM & WM?
How to increase the capacity of our STM?
What is the mechanism for forgetting in STM?