Introduction to Biology- Class Notes- Cellular Respiration
A catabolic, exergonic, oxygen (O2) requiring process that uses energy extracted from
macromolecules (glucose) to produce energy (ATP) and water (H2O).
Plants and Animals
Introduction to Biology- Class Notes- Glycolysis and Citric Acid Cycle
B. Energy Yielding Phase
Glyceraldehyde phosphate (2 - 3C)
(G3P or GAP)
2 NADH - produced
Pyruvate (2 - 3C) (PYR)
Total Net Yi
Introduction to Biology- Class Notes- Darwins Evolution Theory
A scientific theory:
is a body of interconnected concepts
is supported by much experimental evidence and scientific reasoning expresses ideas
of which we are
1.3 An Example of Sc
Introduction to Biology- Class Notes- The Scientific Method
The Scientific Method: Observation
An observation is a thoughtful and careful recognition of an event or a fact.
The careful observation of a phenomenon leads to a question.
How does this happen?
Introduction to Biology- Class Notes- Levels of Organization and Nature of Science
Levels of Organization
Each level of organization builds on the level below it but often demonstrates new
Emergent properties: new properties present at one level
Introduction to Biology- Class Notes- Single and multicelled organisms, and unifying themes
Single Celled Organisms
1.4 Unifying Themes in Biology
Molecular basis of inheritance
The molecular basis of inhe
Introduction to Biology- Class Notes- Diversity of Life and Themes of Biology
The Diversity of Life
Domain Eukarya is
Divided into four Kingdoms:
Introduction to Biology- Class Notes- The Science of Biology with living Organisms
1.1 The Science of Life
Biology unifies much of natural life
Biology attempts to define life
Biology Living reveals a hierarchical organization of living systems
Introduction to Biology- Class Notes- Scientific Law and Sample Experiment
A Scientific Law
A scientific law is a uniform and constant fact of nature that describes what happens in
An example: All living things come from pre-existing living things
Chemical Building Blocks
What is the world made of?
What is Matter?
Answer: Matter is anything that has mass and occupy space
How many types of matter are there?
Answer: At least 92 different types, called elements
What is an elem
Cell Structure and Internal
The Cell Is the Basic Unit of Life
An organism can be one celled or multicellular
organisms have billions of cells
organisms have different type of cell: cell
Cell Membranes, Transport, and
Gate and Gatekeeper
All cells have a plasma membrane
Separates the cell from its environment
Question: What other function that the plasma membrane need to do?
The plasma membrane mus
Energy and Enzymes
What IS Metabolism?
Metabolism is the sum of all chemical
reactions in the body (to capture, store or
Question? Why do organisms need energy?
For building and sustain every part of the
body of an organism
Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
Energy Carrier Molecules
Receiving, storing, and delivering energy
ATP stores energy in phosphate bonds
in all cells
energy when loses a phosphate
ATP ADP AMP
NADPH and NADH: other hig