Psychology- Study Guide- Brains control of behavior
The Brains Control of Behavior
A. Brain Structures and Their Function
The Hindbrain: Basic Life Support
pons - sleep and arousal
medulla - breathing, muscle tone, and regulating circulation
Psychology- Study Guide- Visual Perception
A. Perceiving Forms, Patterns, and Objects
Feature Perception and Feature Analysis
Top-down processing: based upon higher-order information (e.g.,
prior knowledge and context)
Psychology- Study Guide- History and Scope
The History and Scope of Psychology
A. What is Psychology?
Psychology is the scientific study of mind and behavior
Psychology is more than common sense
Why is psychology scientific?
because it is based on emp
Psychology- Study Guide- EEG and Sleep
Electroencephalographic Description of Sleep
Electroencephalogram (EEG) (Electro-Encephlo-gram)
the most valuable index of sleep
a recording of neural activity in the brain measured as electrical charge
Psychology- Study Guide- Biological Basis of Behavior
The Human Nervous System
A. The Central and Peripheral Nervous Systems
Functions of the nervous system
processing and integration of info already stored info
input of sensory info
output of messa
Psychology- Study Guide- Visual Sensation
A. Visual Sensation and Perception: How do we see
Seeing an object doesn't "just happen"
light enters eye and forms image on the back of the eye (i.e., on the
image generates chemica
Psychology- Study Guide- Classical Conditioning and Observational Learning
Applications of Classical Conditioning
Pairing good looking models or celebrities with products
Psychology- Study Guide- Positron Emission Tomography, dreams and sleep
Positron Emission Tomography
Individual Variation in Sleep Drive
Most people sleep 8 hours per night
Nonsomniacs: require nearly no sleep at all
Insomniacs: normal desire to sleep, bu
Psychology- Study Guide- New Information Storage
How do we best store new information?
We Process Information in 3 Key Ways (assuming we first attend to it):
the more organization you can impose on t
Psychology- Study Guide- Preservation and Protection Theory
Predictions of Preservation & Protection Theory
Predicts that larger herbivores will sleep less
Predicts that smaller omnivores will sleep more
Scientific Support of P & P Theory
Large animals, E
Psychology- Study Guide- Learning
What is Learning?
A relatively permanent change in an organisms behavior due to
How do we learn?
We learn through Association.
We connect events that occur in sequence
Psychology- Study Guide- Memory and Storage
A. What is memory?
The capacity to preserve and recover information
What is stored in long-term memory?
Episodic versus Semantic Memories