Criminology- Study Guide- Perceptual Measures
Perception of criminal sanctions important.
Measures an individuals perception about the risks of being
apprehended and punished for a crime, and their likelihood to commit a
Criminology- Study Guide- Power-control Theory of Gender and
Families socialize their male and female children differently because
of capitalistic economic system and patriarchal institutions.
Males taught to be risk-takers and females to be r
Criminology- Study guide- Organized Crime General Definition
Organized crime is a term that refers to those illegal activities connected
with the management and coordination of racketeering (organized
extortion) and the vices - particularly illegal drugs
Criminology- Study Guide- Modern Biological Theories
Modern theories reject biological determinism and nature/nurture
Genetics code for physical and behaviorally linked traits that may
predispose criminality through interaction with environme
Criminology- Study Guide- Modern Deterrence Theory
Classical approach important in justice policy during the 19th century,
but became of less interest to criminologists at the end of the 19th century.
Beginning in the mid-1970s, a resurgence in interest i
Criminology- Study Guide- Regional Crime Rates
Regional Crime Rates
3.) Accuracy of UCR: Reporting Practices
Many crimes are not reported by victims
(fewer than 40%)
a private matter ; nothing could be done
3.) Accuracy of UCR: Law enforcement practices
Criminology- Study guide- Race/Ethnicity
Race is a biological category. A few genes code for differences in
skin color and other physical differences.
Ethnicity is a cultural category. Ethnic groups share cultural values,
Criminology- Study Guide- Rape: Legal Definitions
Rape: the carnal knowledge of a female forcibly and against her will.
1.) oral and anal sex in many states
2.) coerced homosexual intercourse or female coercion of male.
3.) Coerced sexual interc
Criminology- Study Guide- Rational Choice Theory
Rational Choice Theory
Rational choice theory grew out of same utilitarian philosophy as
deterrence. However, rational choice theory was developed by
economists, and brought to criminology in the 1970s (e.
Criminology- Study Guide- Public Perceptions of Crime
Public Perceptions of Crime
About 40,000 million crimes occur each year
NCVS mirrors UCR trends of recent decline of crime rates
Illustrates that MANY people violate l
Criminology- Study Guide- Measuring Crime and Uniform Crime Reports
Uniform Crime Reports (UCR)
1.) What is the UCR
2.) Collecting the UCR
3.) The Accuracy of the UCR
1.) What is the Uniform Crime Report?
Most widely cited source of aggregate criminal sta