Criminology- Study Guide- Social Disorganization, Anomie, and Strain
Similarities of Theories
Social disorganization and strain theories both propose that social
order, stability, and integration are conducive to conformity, while disorder
Criminology- Study Guide- Self-Control Theory
Hirschi revises theory
Individuals with high self-control will be
substantially less likely at all periods of life to engage in criminal acts.
Low self-control thought to be established early on in life as a r
Criminology- Study Guide- Social Bonding
The most well known and tested control theory of crime.
deviant/criminal acts result when an individuals bond
to society is weak or broken
1.) Attachment to Others
Self-control is best measured by the
Criminology- Study Guide- Routine Activities Theory
Routine Activities Theory (RAT)
For personal or property crime to occur, there must at the same time
and place be a perpetrator, a victim, and/or an object of property.
RAT is an intuitive theory that fo
Criminology- Study Guide- Social Bonding and Control Theories
Assumptions of Social Learning
Approach developed by Albert Bandura (and others).
Human behavior is learned, or shaped by social and physical rewards
and punishments an individual faces
Criminology- Study Guide- Strategies of Terrorists
Use enough shocking violence to bring attention to a cause felt to
have been neglected, but limit scales of violence that might turn domestic
and foreign audiences against the cause.
Terrorists usually wa
Criminology- Study Guide- Theft
Typologies of Criminal Behavior
There is a huge amount of variation in criminal behavior and deviance.
The goal of next set of lectures is to look at different types of crimes and
consider the different types of criminal o
Criminology- Study Guide- Social Learning Theory
Social Learning Theory cont.
Theory explains learning and maintenance of criminal behavior (e.g.,
constant rewards and punishment encourages burglar to continue to steal).
Akers relies on four major concept
Criminology- Study Guide- The American Criminal Justice System
Functions of the Criminal Law
1.) Providing Social Control
2.) Discouraging Revenge
3.) Expressing Public Opinion and Morality
4.) Deterring Criminal Behavior
5.) Maintaining the Social Order
Criminology- Study Guide- Risk of homicide and Sexual Selection
Risk of Homicide by Natural Parent
Sexual Selection and Mating
If natural selection has created mechanisms to increase fitness, males
should be more likely to compete with other