Criminology- Study Guide- Transcription of Rape Story
He said/ She said
Following is an example scenario from both a woman and a mans point of
I first met her at a party. She looked really hot, wearing a very short skirt
with a tight T-shirt
Criminology- Study Guide- Victim Surveys
Surveys that ask respondents to report their encounters with
criminals or criminal events
First national survey in 1966 found that the number of criminal
victimizations was far higher than previously
Criminology- Study Guide- Variation and Institutions
Do individual-level Variables Explain the Variation?
Age, Sex and Relative Wealth do not explain any of the variation in
proposers or responder behavior (few exceptions).
Group-level variables (ethnicit
Criminology- Study Guide- Why does Crime Exist
Why Does It Exist?
Who doesnt like money?
Financial pressures and family difficulties are a few significant
motivations for committing white-collar crimes
One way to view occupational crime is that it is in e
Criminology- Study Guide- Violent Crime
Violence in the U.S.
Violence is the primal problem of American history, the dark reverse of its
coin of freedom and abundance.
Majority of Americans are scared of violent crime and favor getting tough
on crime as a
Criminology- Study Guide- White-Collar Crime
First described by Edwin Sutherland as the criminal activities of the rich
A crime committed by a person of respectability and high social status in
the course of his occupation.
Criminology- Study Guide-Social Bonding and Control
Social Bonding and Control
Assumptions of Control Theory
Assume all people are equally capable of committing crime and would do
so if left to their own devices.
Past Theories ask the Question: W
Criminology- Study Guide-Forms of Social Control
Forms of Social Control
Review of Social Control Systems
A rule is a law if enforced by State actors such as the California State
Police or City of Davis Police.
Criminology- Study Guide-Crimes of Force and against Property
Crimes of Force & Against Property
Larceny - the wrongful or fraudulent taking and caring away of the
personal property of another by any person with a fraudulent intent to
deprive the owner of
Criminology- Study Guide-Public Contributions
1.) Five players sit in face-to-face situation.
2.) Each player is given $5
3.) Each round (there are 10 in total), each player can contribute between 0
and 10 nickels (50 cents) to
4.) Money pu
Criminology- Study Guide- Risk of homicide and Sexual Selection
Risk of Homicide by Natural Parent
Sexual Selection and Mating
If natural selection has created mechanisms to increase fitness, males
should be more likely to compete with other
Criminology- Study Guide- Self-Control Theory
Hirschi revises theory
Individuals with high self-control will be
substantially less likely at all periods of life to engage in criminal acts.
Low self-control thought to be established early on in life as a r
Criminology- Study Guide- Social Bonding
The most well known and tested control theory of crime.
deviant/criminal acts result when an individuals bond
to society is weak or broken
1.) Attachment to Others
Self-control is best measured by the
Criminology- Study Guide- Routine Activities Theory
Routine Activities Theory (RAT)
For personal or property crime to occur, there must at the same time
and place be a perpetrator, a victim, and/or an object of property.
RAT is an intuitive theory that fo
Criminology- Study Guide- Social Bonding and Control Theories
Assumptions of Social Learning
Approach developed by Albert Bandura (and others).
Human behavior is learned, or shaped by social and physical rewards
and punishments an individual faces
Criminology- Study Guide- Strategies of Terrorists
Use enough shocking violence to bring attention to a cause felt to
have been neglected, but limit scales of violence that might turn domestic
and foreign audiences against the cause.
Terrorists usually wa
Criminology- Study Guide- Theft
Typologies of Criminal Behavior
There is a huge amount of variation in criminal behavior and deviance.
The goal of next set of lectures is to look at different types of crimes and
consider the different types of criminal o
Criminology- Study Guide- Social Learning Theory
Social Learning Theory cont.
Theory explains learning and maintenance of criminal behavior (e.g.,
constant rewards and punishment encourages burglar to continue to steal).
Akers relies on four major concept
Criminology- Study Guide- The American Criminal Justice System
Functions of the Criminal Law
1.) Providing Social Control
2.) Discouraging Revenge
3.) Expressing Public Opinion and Morality
4.) Deterring Criminal Behavior
5.) Maintaining the Social Order
Criminology- Study Guide- Social Disorganization, Anomie, and Strain
Similarities of Theories
Social disorganization and strain theories both propose that social
order, stability, and integration are conducive to conformity, while disorder
Criminology- Study Guide- Measuring Crime and Uniform Crime Reports
Uniform Crime Reports (UCR)
1.) What is the UCR
2.) Collecting the UCR
3.) The Accuracy of the UCR
1.) What is the Uniform Crime Report?
Most widely cited source of aggregate criminal sta
Criminology- Study Guide- Power-control Theory of Gender and
Families socialize their male and female children differently because
of capitalistic economic system and patriarchal institutions.
Males taught to be risk-takers and females to be r
Criminology- Study guide- Organized Crime General Definition
Organized crime is a term that refers to those illegal activities connected
with the management and coordination of racketeering (organized
extortion) and the vices - particularly illegal drugs
Criminology- Study Guide- Modern Biological Theories
Modern theories reject biological determinism and nature/nurture
Genetics code for physical and behaviorally linked traits that may
predispose criminality through interaction with environme
Criminology- Study Guide- Modern Deterrence Theory
Classical approach important in justice policy during the 19th century,
but became of less interest to criminologists at the end of the 19th century.
Beginning in the mid-1970s, a resurgence in interest i
Criminology- Study Guide- Regional Crime Rates
Regional Crime Rates
3.) Accuracy of UCR: Reporting Practices
Many crimes are not reported by victims
(fewer than 40%)
a private matter ; nothing could be done
3.) Accuracy of UCR: Law enforcement practices
Criminology- Study guide- Race/Ethnicity
Race is a biological category. A few genes code for differences in
skin color and other physical differences.
Ethnicity is a cultural category. Ethnic groups share cultural values,
Criminology- Study Guide- Rape: Legal Definitions
Rape: the carnal knowledge of a female forcibly and against her will.
1.) oral and anal sex in many states
2.) coerced homosexual intercourse or female coercion of male.
3.) Coerced sexual interc
Criminology- Study Guide- Rational Choice Theory
Rational Choice Theory
Rational choice theory grew out of same utilitarian philosophy as
deterrence. However, rational choice theory was developed by
economists, and brought to criminology in the 1970s (e.
Criminology- Study Guide- Public Perceptions of Crime
Public Perceptions of Crime
About 40,000 million crimes occur each year
NCVS mirrors UCR trends of recent decline of crime rates
Illustrates that MANY people violate l