In Alienation, Consequentialism, and Demands of Morality , Peter Railton claims that acting
morally might be compatible with living a desirable life. Railton argues this thesis through the
discussion of what a meaningf
Midterm Study Guide
Issues in Life and Death/ Spring 2012
Essay Questions (3 will appear on the exam, of which you will need to answer 2):
1. What is cultural relativism? What are some problems with adopting it as a
philosophical view of morality? Do you
Objections to Singer's Argument
Extrapolating from the Pond Ex. To International Aid
o Is there any other means of help available?
o Exactly what sort of help is required?
o Will the kind of help we are contemplating be counterproductive?
Hardin: We will
Choosing for Others
o Proposal #1
Patient has a right to decide for him/herself
o Different from 'Best Interests' argument
Critique of Precedent Autonomy
Discordance of past and present interest
Ex. Having diseases such
How Much of the Patient's Rights Should be Taken Into Consideration When Refusing
Also, when should we stop treating a patient once they become less competent?
o Should we let them do what they want to do?
o There are some cases where the patie
Three Rival Definitions of Death
Death: when the soul leaves the body
How do we know when the soul has officially left the body?
Requirements of publicity
We need to determine whether or not we can bury, take away
Cloning and Stem-Cell Research
o Dolly the sheep, CC the cat, Snuppy the dog
Complications that come with cloning
i.e. dolly died early, she was too big
o Advanced Cell Technology: human embryo (Fall 2001)
Background: Stem-cell Researc
Suppose you wake up attached to a violinist and if you detach yourself you kill him,
but if you don't you have to stay attached to him for a really long period of time
o Do you stay attached?
Thompson would say no, and we shouldn't pas
First Paper: Monday the 28th
Fetal Status Con't: Is the Fetus Considered a Human Being?
Mary Anne Warren's Argument for the Permissive View
o Only persons have full moral rights, of which the right to life is one
True biologically, but it's not the only
Two Main Forms of Inference
o Aims at validity
If the premises are true, then the conclusion must be true
Validity is different from Truth
o Arguments are valid/invalid; not true or false
o Premises are true or false; not valid/inval
Epicurus and Lucretius both believe that death is not an evil, and therefore should not
be feared. Do you agree with any of their arguments? Why or why not?
Says something is considered evil based on experience and since you can't experience
Moral Philosophy and the Figure of Socrates
Socrates, 469-399 BCE
o Asked people questions what they really mean when they make moral claims
Where "socratic method" comes from
o Plato, c. 427-347 BCE
"The Socratic Method"
o Asking people "why"
Theoretic Slippery Slope Argument
o When people say they're for PAS
Says no argument can be given to prevent allowing the things you aren't for in
PAS to happen if you allow PAS
Therefore, you can't allow PAS without other things from happe
Why are these issues so important?
Confronting our own mortality
o Is death an evil? Why?
What does it mean to be human?
o Would altering our genetic code be a loss?
At what point does it mean that we're human?
If changing genetic code made people smarte
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Third Essay: Topic 3
In Atomism, Charles Taylor argues against the theory of primacy of rights held by philosophers
such as John Locke and Thomas Hobbes. Taylor defines primacy of right theories as those which
try to defend in
For centuries humans have debated the role of morality in our lives. Unlike the generally positive
conclusion that many people reach, the German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche holds the
perspective that Christian morali
PHIL 1740: Issues in Life and Death
T/H 11:00 11:50 AM, Wilson 301
Prof. Rebecca Stangl
Office: 124 Cocke Hall
Office Phone: 434-924-6517
Office Hours: Tuesday and Thursday 2-3pm, or by appointment
Email: [email protected]
A defense of abortion by Judith Jarvis Thomson
23 september 2009 - Inleiding ethiek
Teacher: Lucas Beerekamp
Judith Jarvis Thomson A defense of abortion (summary)
In her article A defense of abortion Thomson defends the f