September 28, 2016
1. What is the developmental state? How is it related to the concepts of the captured
and embedded state?
2. Some analysts argue that the development of South Korea and Taiwan can be used
both to buttress
Anarchy and the Struggle for Power
John J. Mearsheimer
Great powers are always in competition with each other because all great powers
look for ways to expand their power and influence.
Five assumptions about great powers:
The international system is anar
An international norm is a shared principle about which actions are appropriate and
which are inappropriate for different social roles.
It defines proper conduct for actors.
International law is the codification of norms into formal treaties that define
An actor has preferences, capabilities, and perceptions.
Preferences are what an actor would like to do and/or what they would like to
Capabilities are the tools actors have to influence other actors to do what they want.
Perceptions what acto
The Information Problem:
If they are less certain, the actors are not sure about the consequences of the
The larger the information problem is.
Actors are less likely to get into an agreement if they dont know the consequences.
The two types of
When different types take the same action, or actions dont distinguish the actors as
resolute or irresolute, pooling occurs.
Separation is when different types take different actions.
Hitlers invasion of Czechoslovakia:
helped the Western Allies understan
Reciprocal enforcement requires that both actors know when one another have
broken the agreement to cooperate.
is making an agreement to cooperating. Enforcement is getting each side to
The problems with this is that it might be unc
Four reasons why military power is still important in WP:
Allows states to control territory
States use military to make threats and promises in the effort to get other states to
do as they wish.
States can use military to back up their threats and promis
A state has defined borders, and can contain multiple nations within its borders.
Beginning in the 1500s:
nations began setting up states to government.
It made the state stronger to have the unified support of a nation.
We often treat actors as one unit
Putin tried to seat pro-Russian in Ukraine
Yankovich (current President of Ukraine)
But lost back then
Because West watched closely the elections
Saw was not correct, so done again
Dosed 10,000 time with dioxin, not to kill, but to disf
System over Unit vs. Unit over System
1. The Gorbachev Revolution in Soviet Foreign Policy: unit over system ?
2. Soviet Collapse
3. Post-Soviet Liberal-Democratic Aspirations (1992-1996+): system over unit ? (compare
Domestic policy and for
Anarchy is What States Make of It
States actions towards other states and objects are determined by their perception
of how important the other state is to them and their well-being.
For example, one looks at the missiles of an enemy count
Changes in leadership, changes in capabilities, and time inconsistency.
Public opinion on the Iraq War.
the UN monitors the DMZ to keep the peace settlement between North and South
peace with honor in Vietnam.
September 21, 2016
1. What is the cold war? Evaluate the impact of the Cold War on the politics of Developing
Areas. Illustrate your answer with some examples.
2. Explain the causes of the debt crisis of the late 1970s and e
September 14, 2016
1. Scholars of the politics of developing areas often refer to the postcolonial state as an artificial creation. What do they mean by that?
How are organic nation-states different from artificial ones? How
September 7, 2016
1. What is modernization theory? How do modernization theorists
explain the differences in economic development across countries
and regions? What are some of the criticisms of modernization
Study Guide for the Readings
Chang, Bad Samaritans 1-12
Londregan & Poole
- levels of eonomic development propensity towards coups
- omitted variable: political instability (successful coup elevates propensity for
- endogeneity, reverse is n
Politics of Developing Nations PLCP 2120
Why are Politics Students Studying Economic Development?
1. Growth as Intrinsic Good
Life Expectancy, Infant Mortality
Quantity and Quality of Life Improves
2. Economic Causes of Political Beh
William Easterly, The Elusive Quest for Growth, Chapter 6: The Loans That Were, The Growth
-(FROM WALDNERs LECTURE)
Aid and Investment
Link #1, Aid Investment
Aid should be positively correlated
Coefficient should be > 1
Only 17 out of 88 count
David Kang, Hierarchy and Stability in Asian International Relations (pp. 163-189)
> Realists see wide disparities in economic and military power among nations in the region, the
broad range of political systems that range from
Viet Nguyen Friday 2pm
East Asia-United States Policy: a Zero-Sum Game?
In President Obamas November 14th speech this year on his tour of East Asia, he
departed from the Cold War-inspired zero-sum Realist perspective and affirmed the
Hierarchy and Stability in Asian
in G. John Ikenberry and Michael Mastunduno,
eds., International Relations Theory and the AsiaPacific (New York: Columbia University Press,
Ironically, Chinese-Russian relations better and better after 1990s and onward after stopped
1950s-1989s military allies
Conflicts and tensions, up in arms
1973 Mao claimed land of Russia to be Chinas
1974 hydrogen bomb
As Putin left Presidency to Prime Ministership
He took most of the executive powers with him
He is the center of political gravity
Mayor of Moscow sacked
Had been mayor in 1990s
Wife listed wealthiest woman in Russia
He insulted/went against the President
Development and Theories of Development
1960s UN: definition of development = economic growth + social change
Have Westernized economy, political system, culture, psyche/psychology of individuals
-Notion to develop westernize
-Shift to democracy, individu
o As a result of globalization? Or creation of large units? One big power of nations?
o Once a nation is created nationalism? Does a state mean nation?
o Classical definition: by French scholar Ernest Renan 19th century
Read White Mans Burden chapters 1-3 to page 101
Concept of Development
Definition of Development and Underdevelopment
Theories of Development
Searchers and Planners
Development has been an issue discussed for many years. If a country is said to be
Compare and Contrast: Case Studies
Southeast Asian countries: Tigers (especially South Korea and Taiwan)
Countries like Zimbabwe life expectancy plummeted due to poor infrastructure and
o Slums can be seen as resilient but actua
External Interferences and their Consequences
Colonialism: Globalization in the Making
Resistance, Nationalism, and Independence
Pre-Colonialism and Colonization
Post-colonization/de-colonization/independence (especially Tanzania)
Industrialization and mo