There is no consensus on the precise meaning of the term human rights but nearly everyone
agrees that it involves the ability to demand and enjoy a minimally restrictive yet optimal quality of
life with liberty, equal justice before the la
Kant- On The Relationship of Theory to Practice in.
Relationship of Theory to Practice in Political Right(Against Hobbes)
In all social contracts we find a union of many individuals for some common end which they all share. But
a union is an end on itsel
Critical Review Paper Topics
Due Monday April 23rd
o 7-8 Pages
o Choose among books and films
o Not just a plot summary, but look at issues raised in the plots and see how they
correlate to what we've talked about in class
How convincing are the argument
"Cosmopolitan" vs. "Raison D'Etat"
Cosmopolitans differ from realists in their scrutiny for the nation state and moral
o Realists say moral considerations are irrelevant
Calculate your interests -> ethic of personal fitness
How do you catego
Human Rights Analysis
Where does the idea of human rights come from?
Three sources/streams of analysis
If you want to get something done, you have to negotiate
Negotiating International Treaties
In the US, 2/3 v
The Human Rights Reader, Micheline R. Ishay
Chapter 13 Human Rights for Whom? Cultural and Group Rights v. Universalism
Globalization has lead to views that rights should be universal and apply to all humans
equally and in contrast has incre
Thucydides and the Realist Paradigm
How Thucydides uses moral language
o Leaving moral language behind and using
o Purpose of arousal, to get people angry and to get people to do something they
see as right to do
What's in our interest as a city-state?
23 April 2012
Surviving Auschwitz, Deconstruction of the Soul, and Survival of Morality (2,763 words)
Primo Levis disturbing memoir Survival in Auschwitz, depicting his year in the German
concentration camp allows
I. The Problem of Morality in International Affairs
A. Introduction: Moral Argument (January 18, 23, 25)
Chapter One Morality and Moral Philosophy:
Imagine you are a person condem
o What are the consequences of your action?
o Slippery slope
If you lie, etc. now, where do you draw the line in the future?
When we engage in moral reasoning, we can't escape some degree of
Calculation of consequen
Class Notes for Ethics 3310-Spring 2012
1/18 Notes Introduction: What ethical considerations operate in the world of states?
I. Setting the Scene:
- The continuing war in Afghanistan
o Ethical implications in every component of the war
- Confrontation wit
27 February 2012
Kyle Lascurettes Thursday 2pm
2. In the course of the Melian Dialogue, the Melians say to the Athenians:
[W]e trust that the gods will give us fortune as good as yours, because we are standing
Women and Cultural Universals Nussbaum
Cultural traditions pose obstacles to womens health and flourishing
Many traditions portray women as less important than men, less deserving of basic life
support or of fundamental rights that are strongly correlate
What motivates states to define their roles, and how do their moral visions
influence these roles?
o Realist view of international politics
War is inevitable, out of the logic of escalation
This makes it hard to act out of norms/trust
Cosmopolitanism v. Raison D'Etat
o "Definitive Articles"
"Republican" civil constitution
"Rights of nations shall be based on federation of free states"
"Cosmopolitan right shall be limited to conditions of universal
No imperial conques
"Establish the relationship between the categorical imperative and the acting
o [He has a duty] to think ahead and to weigh all the consequences
o To weigh all interests critically
o To consider no only the morality of end but
International Treaty v. State Practice
There's a great gap between world of treaties and world of politics
Common Threads to Challenges
o Most of the time talking about problems within states
o We try to use sanctions to continue
Liberalism of Fear con't
"Liberalism of fear" as a compelling, but minimalist foundation for the respect of
basic human rights
o How do we think of human rights as a way to fully enjoy human life?
A right v. a privilege
A "movable ceiling" : A.K. Sen and
Thucydides wants a kind of leader who's dispatched and separated
Weber on the other hand wants a more passionate leader
Authors' version of reality is based upon their opinion of what's wrong or right in the
A little bit of history to explain where
Max Weber, Politics as a Vocation in H.H. Gerth and C.W. Mills (editors), From Max Weber, pages 77 ff.
Pay special attention to pages 77-95 and 115-128.), (Course Website).
Politics and Power
Weber begins, very broadly, by stating the type of politics he
In this essay, Kant proposed a peace program to be implemented by governments. The "Preliminary
Articles" described these steps that should be taken immediately, or with all deliberate speed:
1. "No secret treaty of peace shall be held val
Midterm: first two are more straightforward, base arguments on text. Make an argument based on your
reading of the text.
Cosmopolitanism Defined emphasis on norms that (should, and potentially
The Importance of Immanuel Kant
A. Peace as a Moral Imp
PLIR Discussion 2/18/16
Find an issue of moral importance: must be international, try to focus on human rights.
Smith and Realist Thinkers
But firstquick review of Weber
Concept of leadership: Weber seems to have a very specific vision of what a good poli
Ethics and Human Rights in Politics
Mise en Scene
Continuing issues in war on terror
-justifications, reasoning, how do we respond, moral issues
Civil wars, refugees and issues of intervention
-what do we owe these people, who should be the agents that he
Frankena starts with story of Socrates dilemma. Ethics is always contextual. Casuistry assumes an
agreement on basic moral principles. Casuistry treats morality as societys institution for guidance of
groups. Problem for casuistry is how do you apply gene
Socrates in Crito why he would not leave the state, typical kind of reasoning in ethics
(1) that we ought never to harm anyone,
(2) that we ought to keep our promises, and
(3) that we ought to obey or respect our parents and teac