Image: The Namesake (2006)
Indian Cinema: The Worlds
Biggest And Most Diverse Film Industry
Written by Roy Stafford
What is Indian Cinema?
It ought to be straightforward to present a description of the worlds biggest film industry, but even
The nurse laments the grief she has had to suffer over the years, saying that
this new sorrow is by far the worst. She reared Orestes from birth, pacing back
and forth throughout the night to quiet his crying. One must tend carefully to a
baby, as it has
Clytamnestra enters, asking what's the matter. The servant replies that the
dead are killing the living. She understands the riddle, and recognizes the
deceit that has been put upon her. Calling for the servant to bring her an axe,
she prepares to fight.
from her dream. Orestes pronounces that she has killed in an outrageous
manner, and now she will suffer the same outrage now. He pulls her over
the threshold and they disappear behind the palace door.
Summary of Lines 9351076
The chorus celebrates Orestes
Orestes takes up the bloody robe again, and muses upon what name he
should give it. A trap for a wild animal? A covering for a corpse in his grave?
A bath curtain? Or, rather, a hunting net, the sort that a highway robber might
use to entrap strangers and
Soon, the chorus sings, there will be cause for rejoicing. "But you," they say,
meaning Orestes, "when your turn in the action comes, be strong." When
Clytamnestra cries out "Son!", he must reply, "Father!" Doing this, he may
commit the awful deed in inno
Orestes down. She had tried so hard to keep him clear of death, as he was
the only hope of curing the Furies's evil revel in the palace.
Orestes says that he regrets not bringing happier news to such prosperous
hosts. For, what bond is stronger than that
Summary of Lines 479584
Orestes and Electra make one last plea to Agamemnon before moving on to
other concerns. They make specific, prodding prayers that are meant to incur
the wrath of their father so that he will come to their aid. They remind him of al
her sword, and the brooding Furies are bringing the son into the house, to
wipe clean the blood from the house.
Summary of Lines 653718
Orestes is pounding at the palace door, calling for the slave to open up and
asking if there is a man inside the house.
Analysis of Lines 183
There is a great deal of significant information packed into the first eighty lines
of this play. The first two words, "Cthonic Hermes" (in Greek), require some
explanation. While these first two words are sometimes translated "Herme
The fact that the serving women are clothed in black is a significant visual
symbol, as they will be present on stage for the remainder of the play. There
is a great deal of light and dark imagery in The Libation Bearers, which is
expressed both in the di
then served his brother's sons to him as a feast. This is the premise behind
Aigisthos's anger against Agamemnon, and sets in motion the train of
bloody events that leads to this play.
Thus, the law that the doer of a crime must suffer has been the law of
precedent in the Greek theater for the ghost of a dead man to actually appear
following such an invocation, leaving the audience in suspense in this situation
as to whether Agamemnon is about to appear. While he does not make an
entrance onto the stage, f
avenge their kin's death. For, failing to avenge a death was equivalent to
causing it. Apollo's association with the Furies here shows that the cthonic and
Olympian powers are still aligned. It is not until the Eumenides that a conflict
between these two
they are conflated into one eagle image. Clytamnestra, on the other hand, is a
conniving snake. When Orestes says that the eagle has died in her coils, he
does not mean by strangulation. Rather, female vipers were thought by the
Greeks to bite the neck of
Electra has said that she wishes to be entirely different from her mother (line
140141), and here we see her fulfilling that desire.
Orestes's first words to his sister are that she should thank the gods for
fulfilling her prayers. Just as Electra appeare
Analysis of Lines 164245
This section of the text covers the recognition scene between Orestes and
Electra. There are three stages. First, Electra discovers the lock of hair.
Instead of telling her how to speak, the chorus is suddenly asking her for
The chorus reminds Electra to remember her brother as an ally, although he is
still "away from home." The Greek here is again ambiguous. "Thuraios" means
both "away" and "outside the door." There is some irony here, as we know that
Orestes is indeed just
Electra bids the chorus in this speech to tell her what to say over the tomb of
her father. Fagel translates this line as saying "What kindness, what prayer
can touch my father?" However, there is more in the Greek than meets the
eye. The word that Fagel
The chorus then describes Clytamnestra's terrifying dream. They tell that
she dreamed she bore a snake, and wrapped it like a baby. Then she tried
to feed it from her breast, but the snake bit her, and blood curdled the milk.
She awoke with a scream, and
whose passions exceed all bounds, whose frenzied lust rips apart the
married unions of men and beasts alike?
The chorus says that we should recall the story of Thestius's heartless
daughter, who killed her own son. She burned away the torch that had been
triumphant cries when "the man is stabbed, the woman dies." Their
hatred is rising to a furious pitch. Electra joins in now, crying, "Zeus,
crush their skulls! Kill! Kill!"
The chorus justifies these murderous cries by saying that "it is the law." Blood
recompense for his crime. In the Eumenides, this theme is fully developed,
as the Furies are tamed and relegated to a far less powerful position in
society. It is also significant that that Furies are female deities, while Apollo
is masculine, thus equati
The cyclical nature of blood crimes
The ancient law of the Furies mandates that blood must be paid for with blood
in an unending cycle of doom. The chorus states this fact several times
throughout the play, most clearly in the first section of the
necessarily lead to her own downfall, as Orestes will hold her accountable for
her crimes. She is a cunning and powerful viper whose son has also grown
up to be a viper, and who does not hesitate to bite the breast that fed him.
Electra seems to a
In contrast to both Agamemnon, and Aigisthos, Orestes is a worthy adversary
for Clytamnestra. He is the only one who can equal her metal prowess and
physical presence. The chorus is quite wrong when it says that Orestes is only
his father's son. Orestes i
regard, and would have seen Clytamnestra's intelligence and resolve as a
gross overstepping of the natural bounds of female existence. Or, at least,
this is the impression that we get from the chorus, which is as close a
representative of Greek ideals as
vengeance committed in the play stem directly from his sacrificial murder
of his daughter, Iphigineia.
Iphigineia Sister to Orestes and Electra, murdered by her father
Agamemnon at Artemis's request during the Trojan War. Clytamnestra
avenges her death by
contrast to the cycle of vengeance. In the Eumenides, Apollo will advocate in
favor of Orestes against Clytamnestra and the Furies.
Hermes The Greek god of messages, transitions, travelers, and hidden
meanings, Hermes is invoked several times throughout T
Electra is also weak in that she is so quick to unleash passionate hatred upon
her own mother. While Orestes sees the necessity for punishing Clytamnestra
for her crimes, he does not viscerally hate her in the same way that Electra
does. At one point in t