Sample Quiz #2
1. All blood leaving the GI tract travels first to the
2. Which nutrients leave the GI tract by way of the lymphatic system?
a. water and minerals
b. proteins an
Sample Quiz #1
1. When it comes to nutrition, more is always better.
2. The RDAs are
a. minimum requirements for essential nutrients.
b. the maximum amounts of essential nutrients that should be consumed.
c. the tolerable up
Overview of Aristotle, Locke, Mills Main Perspective on the Foundation of
o Aristotle: Empirical Observation of sensory information from the
external world is the basis for obtaining all new knowledge
o Locke: The acquisitions of knowledge be
Psychology 2100: 11/17/16
Biological properties create EXCEPTIONS to established principles of learning!
Taste Aversion Learning
Strength of the CR
Are all stimuli equally assoc.
What is the source of wisdom, knowledge, and understanding?
- Nativist/ rationalist
o Innate; reasoning
Reasoning cleans away ignorance and confusion and opens
the door to discovering Truths about our world
Knowledge is derived:
Lecture 15: protist and fungi
How organisms get energy/ nutrients
Phototrophs: energy from light
Chemotrophs: energy from chemicals
Autotrophs: use inorganic carbon (CO2)
Heterotrophs: use organic carbon (glucose)
Mixotrophs: can use differe
The Experimental Analysis of Behavior:
Characteristics of a SR that influences Response Strength or VIGOR
Quantity & Quality:
How to isolate the separate contributions of quantity vs. quality in
influencing response strength or VIGOR
All ACTIONS, thoughts, hopes, expectations, etc. are caused or proceeded by
Actions occur because of Mind states
Attack/ strike out (anger)
Seek food & eat (hungry)
Recall events (recollection)
Lecture 14, 02/20/17
Prokaryotes, Bacteria, and something else
Why study biodiversity?
- To understanding evolution of life
- To appreciate nature
- To assess its economic value
- To see the larger impact of humans on earth
Fitness & Natural Selection
Activity 1: Wooly Boogers Eatin Beans
Background: Four hundred years ago, on a distant planet, there were three types of a creature called Wooly
Boogers. Each type of Wooly Booger was similar except for their mouths. All of the
Chapter 1: An Overview of Nutrition
Humans are omnivores.
Significance of choices:
Humans can use a wide variety of fuels, or in other words, humans can function on a wide
variety of foods.
There are long-term consequences of poor eating c
Essential nutrients required in small amounts by the body for health.
There are 13 different vitamins, 9 are water-soluble, 4 are water-insoluble (fat-soluble).
The Inorganic Nutrients: Minerals & Water
Chapter 2 - Planning a Healthy Diet
Principles and Guidelines
Nutrient density* - a measurement of the nutrients a food provides relative to the energy it
Dietary Guidelines for Americans
Adequate nutrients w
Chapter 07 Metabolism: Transformations & Interactions (continued)
Breaking Down Nutrients For Energy
Overall Summary: Each of the major nutrients (carbohydrates, fats, and proteins) starts down its
own path of catabolism, but these paths conv
Article Food Security: The Challenge of Feeding 9 Billion People
Population is going up, so the global demand for food is increasing. We need sustainable,
equitable food security
Article Could Less Mean Mean More Food?
Eat less meat for more
Chapter 6 Proteins: Amino Acids continued)
Proteins in the Body
Completion of the Human Genome Project (reported in Science and Nature on February 12,
2001) reveals that the human genome consists of some 20,000 or so genes (about the same num
Chapter 06 - Proteins: Amino Acids
Eating chocolate may decrease your risk of stroke, decreased risk of cardiovascular disease, and
possible anti-cancer benefits. Chocolate is rich in flavonoids, and flavonoids are believed to help
reduce the c
Chapter 05 (continued)
The Lipids: Triglycerides, Phospholipids & Sterols
Roles of Triglycerides and Fatty Acids
1) The triglycerides provide the body with energy.
2) Stored fat insulates the body against cold
3) Fat acts as a shock absorber
Chapter 4 Carbohydrates (conclusion)
Diabetes (diabetes mellitus) is now the 6th leading cause of death in the United States.
Type 1 Diabetes (also known as insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) or
juvenile-onset diabetes mellitus: The p
Lecture 7: Chapter 4 Carbohydrates (continued)
Youre eating chlorine (not much, but there is)
Splenda isnt metabolized by the body b/c of the presence of chlorine.
Has no use, just satisfies craving of sweet taste
Lecture 06: Chapter 4 - The Carbohydrates: Sugars, Starches, and Fibers
Artificial sweeteners may reduce the ability of food to trigger physiological responses that
govern the relationship b/t eating and energy content
o In rats, reducing the correlatio
Lecture 05: Chapter 3 - Digestion, Absorption, and Transport (continued)
ABSORPTION: the passage of nutrients from the GI tract into either the blood or the
o Absorption of the products of digestion
o Absorption of the breakdown products of energy y
Lecture 04: Chapter 3 - Digestion, Absorption and Transport
A general overview of the processes common to all nutrients
Digestion the process by which food is broken down into absorbable units
The human body plan "a tube within a tube"
The Digestive Tra
Theoretical attempts to predict: what types of stimuli or events will serve as
1. Need reduction theory (hull)
2. Drive reduction theory (hull & miller)
3. Optimal stimulation theory (harlow)
4. Dopamine theory (olds and milner)