11/29/2006 9:01:00 AM Families Delinquency and Crime Parenting styles, juvenile delinquency, adult crime Not trying to set new theory o Research is based on theory though By bringing all of this research together, a theoretical model DOES emerge, th
I. What is crime?
A. Crime 1. to one person it may be something, but to another it may not be considered crime. 2. has elusive, varied, and diverse meanings 3. this happens because. a. if the definition of crime is too narrow, harms that
11/13/2006 9:50:00 AM Labeling Theory: Criminal Labels and Their Effects Crime and criminals have no objective reality o Crime and criminality exist purely within perceptive of others o If someone is perceived as a criminal, are a criminal Like Derkh
Robert Sampson *tried to develop a complete model of what social disorganization is *refers to the inability of a community structure to realize the common values of its residents and maintain effective social controls *ppl can't realize/agree on com
Biological and Social Causes
Criminological positivism locates the causes of crime in observable factors which
are most often external to the individual and his or her consciousness.
crime is compelled forces
Classical Theoristfoundational concept & theory
Original Concept of Anomie
1.people Function for society : contribute to society running
Crime contribute sth to society : ironically provides benefits
Crime is a
Administration of criminal justice: individual person
On Crimes and Punishments (1764)
Peoples nature : selfish
Carry on: prevent this natural selfish
Rational Choice Theory:
based on rational calculation.
10/23/2006 9:02:00 AM Sykes and Matza: Neutralization of Guilt Juvenile delinquents often feel guilty about the things they do o How is it that they deal with their feelings of guilt? How do criminals neutralize guilt they feel? o 4. When criminal be
Criminology Study Questions On Simons, Simons and Wallace's Families, Delinquency and Crime. Robert Day McConnell What follows are three large sets of questions based on Simons et. al.'s Families, Delinquency, and Crime. Each of these sets focuses on
11/6/2006 8:58:00 AM Gottfredson and Hirschi: Self Control (The Ability to Resist Crime) Main agent of control in SOCIAL control is other people Self control theory's agent is the person him/herself o Looks within person to determine person's capacit
10/25/2006 9:02:00 AM Akers: Learning Crime Criminal behavior is LEARNED Looks at Sutherland's model o Tries to identify limitations in Sutherland's model Differential Associations Person acquires more definitions favorable to violation of the law
Criminology Overheads Fall 2006 RDM
Mala in se Mala prohibita Consensus Assumption Conflict Assumption
Eight Approaches to the Definition of Crime. 1. Legal-Consensus Approach: Paul Tappan. Who is the Criminal? (1947). Crime is an in
11/13/2006 9:00:00 AM Labeling Theory: Criminal Labels and Their Effects Crime and criminals have no objective reality o Crime and criminality exist purely within perceptive of others o If someone is perceived as a criminal, are a criminal Like Derkh
11/27/2006 8:58:00 AM Developmental Criminology (Life-force Criminology) Looks at person's biography and changes across person's biography Sutherland argued that what we need is a kind of historical theory that takes into account changes in a person'
Exploring Crime Data On the Internet Fall 2006
The purpose of this exercise is to familiarize you with the large amount of crime data now available from reliable sources on the internet and to give you some practice looking at and thinking about spe
University of Virginia
Robert Day McConnell
Mon. & Wed.
1:00 - 2:00PM
Tues. & Thurs.
2:00 - 3:00PM
Or by appointment
This course investigates sociological theories