Dr. Jolanta Komornicka
16 September 2016
I intend to write on the impact of the stereotypical belief of heightened social and
economic well-being of Jews due to trade on the influence of the crusaders to target the Jews.
John Gilchrist, The Perception of Jews in the Canon Law in the Period of the First Two Crusades (New
York: Springer, 1988), 9.
By the time of the Second Crusade, the authorities were able to afford the Jews better physical
protection, but the Jews' overal
Validity of the Desecration Claims
How were the Christians certain that the Jews have desecrated their faith despite
them not actually being present during the sacrifice? Was it just faith in the fact
that God believed that
Week 7 Notecards
Michael Shterenshis, Tamerlane and the Jews (New York: Routledge, 2013), 72.
"During the period between the eighth and the eleventh centuries the Jews acted almost exclusively as a
commercial people and only they cou
Week 6 Notecards
September 29, 2016
Norman Stillman, The Eleventh Century Merchant House of Ibn 'Awkal (A Geniza Study),
Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 16 (April 1973): 15-88.
Many much smaller merchants
Jews, Trade, and the Crusades: The Christian response
a. Thesis 1: Christian relations with Jews played an important role in the emergence and
decline of Je
Ruthy Gertwagen, Shipping, Trade and Crusade in the Medieval Mediterranean: Studies in Honour of
John Pryor (New York: Routledge, 2016), 150.
The issue at stake is a serious one. Did Muslim traders go to Italy and Byzantium trade expeditions,
Week 11 Notecards
Bongars, Gesta Dei per Francos, 1, pp. 382 f., trans in Oliver J. Thatcher, and Edgar Holmes McNeal, eds.,
A Source Book for Medieval History, New York: Scribners, 1905.
For if He, shall find worms, that is, sins, In them,
Bernard Spolsky, The Languages of the Jews: A sociolinguistic History (Cambridge: Cambridge
University Press, 2014), 149.
Jewish communities were mentioned in Mainz, Worms, and Regensburg in the tenth century CE. Jewish