HIEA 2031: MODERN CHINA
1. to deprive a ruling dynasty of the divine mandate to rule. Used for revolution or any
reform which, strictly speaking, is not a revolution (Matthews Chinese-English
2. revolutionthe oppress
1. Religious violence
a. What kind of general conflicts are there?
b. What are characteristics of religion?
c. What is religious violence? Are there unique features of this kind of violence?
d. Why does it occur? What are some of the causes?
e. What are s
China in the World Today
Tibet relationship with China
o Imcorporated into Qing Empire, part of others, but independnent in some
o Theocracy that ruled over Tibet
1904 Britain moved into Tibet
1911 Tibet autonomous, still subject to British
The Yanan Way
The Dixie Mission
3:00 North China, the main base in Yanan, there was an idealism, a
sense of commitment and positivesm, which was exemplified by The Yanan Way.
The US Observation group, or the Dixie Mission. Essentially, they
II. The Leap Unfolds 1958-60
What went wrong?
Commune Size - how is it different from a district? - agriculture collectives
agriculture 0 advance stage a communism, self-sufficient they were borken, par
The Jiangxi Soviet and the Long March
rural crisis backdrop for all the developments
1926-1930 NW province gangs, 1/3 of pop died from famine, banditry, typhus
1928-30 lives of 3mil people
1936 5mil people died
Chronic nature of NEAR starv
27. The Square
It promised to be a very important anniversary of The republic of China.
I. Govbachov went to China.
II. Among many urban residents, the atmosphere continues to mark by frustration,
inflation, growing unemploy
4:20 I. Significance of Long March
Barely more than 5% of those begun survived. It has become a central feature of the CCP foundation
legacy, it has the effect of crystalizing nationalism, nation, fight for the nation and creating a new society.
25. The death of Mao and the (re)rise of Deng
Pose Lin Biao Conflicts
The death of Liu Shaoqi and Lin Biao didnt publicize until several years later.
The conflict between groups of and Deng took the form of obsecure ideaolig
24. Red Guards and Political Factions
1. The Cultural Revolution Unfold - Aug 1966 - rebel against party officials.
Mao has called for an expansion of CR
He returned to BJ to cut short the ability of Liu Shaoqi for this CR. It consisted of three
Abolition of civil service examination and monarchy => destruction of transitional political and social
May Fourth Movement => struck a paralyzing blow at traditional cultural norms and structures
=> rejection of traditional culture and attempt
Ideology for change: Kang Youwei's Intellectual bomb
a Key motive force in modern Western world, emerging in the Enlightenment in the late 18th
century = PROGRESS.
Humans use their brains and the realities of modern tech. and science, had the power
Strode into presidency amid the optimism and hope of many that he was
leader who could help establish a republic and strengthen the nation
Still caught in traditional attitudes and approaches and he rather quickly
out the hopes of many
Europeans expansion was impelled by imperialism's three Ms: Merchants, Missionaries,
and the Military
All three groups were propelled by a missionary like urge to spread the gospels of
Western capitalism, Western religious truth, and Western state powe
The total experience changed Empress Dowager from what appeared an obstructionist
conservative into a leading reformer, initiating change in all the areas that the reformers of the
Hundred Days had dreamed about.
Stirrings of a New China in Macroregion
Birth of Chinese Communist party
1 Chinese Communist Party (CCP)
Intellectual attractiveness of Marxism-Leninism, success of Bolshevik Revolution,
apparent generosity of Karakhan Declaration
Initiative of the Communist International/ Comintern, an
19th century was born in domestic rebellion, mostly of the guerrilla variety
a Traditional rebellions were born in provincial border regions (natural wildness -mountains, forests, deserts, areas where population migh
Unwilling to Change (Holding to that Old-time Identity)
a Yu Yue (1821 -1907)
Argued that China's only road to restore strength was revitalization of its
incomparably great culture. Barbarian weapons and machines were not the
Manchus, outsiders from the Northeast, took power in 1644 -> Qing dynasty
Patterns in Early Qing pg.26
a Manchus: clan based peoples who stressed martial values based on skills of horsemanship
b Chinese: stressed civilian values based on sk
History and Identity
a Person's identity
Contextual sources: time, place of birth, ethnic heritage, parents' occupations,
socioeconomic statues, nature of the local community, schools, and friends
Personal characteristics: appearance, personality
Mid-term Exam: Review Questions
The midterm will include one out of a choice of two essays. Prepare by reviewing the
following questions. In formulating your responses, avoid using meaningless
generalizations such as
Final Exam Study Guide
The final exam will be held in our regular classroom on Monday, December 14, from
9:00 to 11:00. The exam will consist of the following: 1) one essay drawn from material
covered since the midterm (25
Introduction & Background
What is a Nation?
Common government, common history, common language,
common culture, common ethnicity, etc.
Interchangeable with the term state
What is Un-American?
Is an insult/calling out disloyalty to
Wei-Jin / South-North Dynasties 220-589: A Cyclical View
Continuing problem of unification and division. In Chinese history, there are many cycles among
dynasties. One after the other. China today is probably the only unified state that has lasted for suc
So many states existed in the time, why were they unable to form a united nation and continue
to fight with each other? In China, a balance of power was never a central rule or idea to any of
the states. What they were competing for during the spring and
Zhou Dynasty and After: Beginning of the Chinese State
China is a country with a very long history. We must understand Chinas ancient and lost
traditions, perspectives, norms. History is connected.
1839, the last year that China still enjoyed the reputati