Binary phase diagrams
Binary phase diagrams and Gibbs free energy curves
Binary solutions with unlimited solubility
Relative proportion of phases (tie lines and the lever principle)
Development of microstructure in isomorphous alloys
Binary eutectic syste
Review of classical thermodynamics
Fundamental Laws, Properties and Processes (1)
First Law - Energy Balance
Thermodynamic functions of state
Internal energy, heat and work
Types of paths (isobaric, isochoric, isothermal, adiabatic, cyclic)
Enthalpy, heat
Binary Solutions
Composition as a thermodynamic variable
Gibbs free energy of binary solutions
Entropy of formation and Gibbs free energy of an ideal
solution
Regular solutions: Heat of formation of a solution
Real solutions: interstitial solid solut
Kinetics and Diffusion
Basic concepts in kinetics
Kinetics of phase transformations
Activation free energy barrier
Arrhenius rate equation
Diffusion in Solids - Phenomenological description
Flux, steady-state diffusion, Ficks first law
Nonsteady-state dif
The Statistical Interpretation of Entropy
Physical meaning of entropy
Microstates and macrostates
Statistical interpretation of entropy and Boltzmann equation
Configurational entropy and thermal entropy
Calculation of the equilibrium vacancy concentration
Phase Transitions and Phase Diagrams
One-component systems
Enthalpy and entropy dependence on P and T
Gibbs free energy dependence on P and T
Clapeyron equation
Understanding phase diagrams for one-component systems
Polymorphic phase transitions
Driving f
Review of classical thermodynamics
Fundamental Laws, Properties and Processes (3)
Fundamental equations
The Helmholtz Free Energy
The Gibbs Free energy
Changes in composition
Chemical potential
Thermodynamic relations
Reading: Chapter 5.1 5.9 of Gaskell
o
Review of classical thermodynamics
Fundamental Laws, Properties and Processes (2)
Entropy and the Second Law
Concepts of equilibrium
Reversible and irreversible processes
The direction of spontaneous change
Entropy and spontaneous/irreversible processes
C
MSE 3050: Thermodynamics and Kinetics of Materials
Tuesday and Thursday, 9:30 10:45 am
Mechanical Engineering Building 339
Contact Information:
Instructor: Giovanni Zangari
Office: Wilsdorf Hall 320
Office Hours: 11:00 am to noon Monday & open
Telephone:
Theoretical calculation of the heat capacity
Principle of equipartition of energy
Heat capacity of ideal and real gases
Heat capacity of solids: Dulong-Petit, Einstein, Debye models
Heat capacity of metals electronic contribution
Reading: Chapter 6 Se
Framework of a Circular Economy
Sweden and Japan are two leaders
Sweden
collected nearly 17.5 kg per capita = 77% of what
was sold
Producers must finance e-waste recovery system
Japan
law stimulates a design of products that are easy to
recycle
and
MSE 2090
Week 02 Pre-class Materials
These pre-class materials continue our early explorations into materials science and
engineering. They include:
Introductory comments on crystalline structures
Recommended reading for our class session
Guidance on p
MSE 2090
Pre-class Materials
Chapter 6
Chapter 6 focuses upon material properties. Up to this point in the semester, we have studied
the underlying structure of materials, right down to the placement of individual atoms in a
solid. As with our study of el
MSE 2090
Week 03 Pre-class Materials
Whereas Chapters 2 and 3 introduced nice, neat perfect materials, these pre-class materials
for the study of Chapter 4 begin to take us into real materials with defects. These defects
play a tremendous role in defining
DEPARTMENT OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING
MSE 2090 Introduction to the Science and Engineering of Materials
Course Catalogue Description
The collective properties of the materials in an engineering structure often dictate the feasibility
of the desi
MSE 2090
Pre-class Materials
Chapter 18
Chapter 18 takes us into a study of our first material property electrical properties of
materials. While we study initially just a bit about metals, much of this chapter will focus upon
a different type of material
MSE 2090
Lesson 21 Pre-class Materials
Chapter 21
Were going to now jump over to look at the optical properties of materials. As you will see in
the latter part of this chapter, some of the concepts that we studied with electronic properties
are highly re
Seven Metals of Antiquity
p. 4-1
Alchemy
Early designations were outlined by alchemists and the planetary metals were "dominated" or "ruled" by
one of the seven planets known by the ancients. Although metals occasionally have a symbol of their own
(denote
Corrosion: Deterioration of Materials
Ch. 5-1
Corrosion
- act of being eaten or worn away insidiously and
gradually by chemicals (Webster)
- the destruction of a metal, polymer or ceramic
because of chemical or electrochemical reaction
with the surroundin
Early Man: Materials for Survival
Stone AgeStones or Rocks?
Stone seems to be restricted to
smaller material and used by
humans. But rock can also be used
in these situations. In this sense all
rocks are stones but not all stones
are rocks. That is, if hu
Making Materials with Electrochemistry
Robert G. Kelly
CONCEPT :
WHAT IS AN ELECTROCHEMICAL REACTION ?
Definition: Valence of at least one species is altered due to the
transfer of electrons.
Ex.
Fe Fe2+ + 2eElectrochemical
2+
Fe + 2OH Fe(OH)2Chemical
2Fe
Materials that Shape Civilization
Ch. 00-p. 1 of 4
General Introduction and Rules
Objective:
The objective of this course is to provide the student with literacy and
appreciation for the origins, makeup and behavior of materials upon which
modern societie
Ch. 2-1
Pottery and the KilnA Bridge from the Stone Age to the Ages of Metals?
Where are we? In the mid-Neolithic to late-Neolithic Age
NEW WORDS/CONCEPTS
Be sure you know the definitions
or descriptions for the following:
Introduction
This Chapter introd
Introduction to Ceramics and The Atomic Structure of Silica
Ch 3-1
To understand the selection of preferred stones that Stone Age people employed as tools we need
to look at the broad material class of ceramics (Fig. 1). Ceramics can include natural stone
MSE 3101 HW#2
Due 9AM, Tuesday, 2/14 to 124 WDF
HW policy: You may work with other students, but each student must submit their own
work.
HW Objectives:
Understand concepts of hardness and hardness testing
Understand the practice of quantitative microsc
MSE 4210
Homework Assignment #1
Materials Processing
Spring 2017
Due Monday February 6, 2017
100 points total to be earned
1) 10 pts. Define the following:
a. Raw material
b. Products
c. The term added value and provide two examples.
2) 10 pts. List the p
MSE 3050 THERMODYNAMICS AND KINETICS OF MATERIALS
Spring 2017
Homework 2
Assigned:
Due:
February 9, 2017
February 16, 2017, in class
1.
One mole of chromium at a uniform temperature of 0C is placed in thermal contact with
a second mole of chromium whic
MSE 4210
Homework Assignment #2
Materials Processing
Spring 2017
Due: 2-15-17
100 points total to be earned
Vacuum Science and Evaporation
1) 15 pts. Define a vacuum system and elaborate on three implementation areas in materials
processing.
2) 10 pts. If
MSE 3101 HW#1
Due in class Wednesday, 2/08/17
HW policy: You may work with other students, but each student must submit their own
work.
HW Objectives:
Understand motivation for sample preparation
Understand principles of light microscopy
1)
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)