Bail and Jail
Critical moments in the
Why pretrial release is so important
Participation in case
The Bail System
Bail= posting bond to ensure defendants presence at t
Power tends to corrupt; absolute power corrupts absolutely.
How do staff actually manage inmate behavior?
What is good leadership in a correctional facility?
Poor leadership is one of the mai
In revenges or punishments, men ought not to look at the
greatness of evil past but at the greatness of the good to
follow, whereby we are forbidden to inflict punishment with
any other design than for the correction of the offender and
the admonition of
Whos locked up?
What special issues do jail detainees present?
Whos Locked Up?
Jail Population Characteristics
During the 1980s the number of inmates housed in locally
operated jails increased 120%.
Since 2000 the nations jail population has in
The process of transition that offenders make from prison or
jail to the community.
Estimates are that 1,600 offenders leave prison every day and
2 out of every 3 are rearrested within 3 years of their release.
In 1984, 70% of parolees s
Men in Prison
Inmate Life in Prison
How Do Inmates Cope?
Conversion-forget about life outside of the
prison walls.embrace what prison is about
Withdrawal- shutdown and dont associate
with anyone else
Colonization-not focus about outside, but
Jails & issues in pretrial detention
Difficult Aspects of the Pretrial Process
Presumption of innocence (different legal
Meeting outside obligations
Negative impact on case outcome
Criticisms of Pretrial
Criminal Thinking II
Criminal Thinking Patterns:
Challenges for Staf
Treatment is especially challenging with criminal
Treatment professionals must maintain positive protreatment attitude; model pro-social be
History of Prisons in America and Prisons
Relatively modern institutions
Distinctly American development
18th C: incarceration a more humane punishment
Penitentiary= earliest form of large-scale
Inmates with unique physical, mental, social, and
programmatic needs that distinguish them from
other prisoners and for whom jail management
and staff have to respond to in nontraditional and
Animal Programs in Prison
Therapeutic Benefits of Human-Animal
Commonly recommended for a variety of
Animal programs in American prisons
Dogs are trained for a variety of purposes:
Benefits for the Dogs.
Benefits to Adoptive Owners
Do offenders have distinct thinking patterns? YES.
Offenders do not often think as law-abiding citizens do
Criminal thinking patterns of thinking errors
Cornerstone of poor foundation for offenders to build
Philosophies of Punishment
Punishment is at the core of sentencing and
What is punishment?
Philosophy of punishment= a way of thinking
about the purpose & nature of punishment that
provides the foundation for sentencing
Women in Prison:
The Forgotten Offenders
Small proportion (~5%) of prison population
US penitentiary development directed by male
legislators for male corrections staff whose main
directive is to contain/control male prison
Who works in a jail?
What unique stresses does working in a jail present?
About 297,600 people work in the nations jails.
Minority & female staf underrepresented
75-90% of jail budget goes to salary
One jail post x 24/7= 5 COs
Direct Supervision Jails
What about architectural features of housing units/pods/mods/tiers?
Types of housing units:
Linear/intermittent-officer not in unit all of the time, only
for security checks
Podular/remote-dorm style bunk beds and a day room,
1880s, New York City halfway houses
Offenders have tremendous difficulty
reintegrating into society
Crime is as much the fault of a community as
it is the fault of an individual
Communities play a vita
Prisoners Rights, Contd
TYPES OF PRISONER LAWSUITS
About confinement (not about institution)
Habeas corpus writ/petition/claim/action (state
About the institution (civil rights)
Attacking institutional policies, practices
Attacking the act
Classification & Programming
Todays Prison Population
1/2006: 1,525,924 adults under the jurisdiction of state &
federal prison authorities
The average annual growth since 1995 is 3.5%.
About 1 in 3 African American males, 1 in 6 Hispan