Brain and Cranial Nerves
Brain Development and Tissue Organization
Support and Protection of the Brain
An adult brain
Does the size of the brain
LAB 9: Exercise 12
1. A. The deltoid abducts the arm, flexes it, extends it and medially and laterally rotates is.
B. The Supraspinous fossa
C. The insertion of the trapezius is laterally in midline of vertebral column and head.
D. The b
-CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM1. Position of Heart: left of body midline posterior to sternum in mediastinum right border
located more anteriorly; left border located more posteriorly
2. MEDIASTINUM: median space in the thoracic cavity; contains heart, thymus,
CNS and PNS: Cells
Cells within the spinal cord (sensory, motor, interneuron)
Types of reflexes
Stimulus, rapid response, Automatic, Involuntary
Tunics of Blood vessels
Layers of Muscle (superficial deep)
What is a tendon
Chapter 6 Bone description Outline
i) Bones of skeleton are complex organs containing all four tissue types
ii) Primarily bone connective tissue
iii) Extracellular matrix is sturdy and rigid due to deposition of minerals (calcificat
Chapter 6 Bone Markings (Surface Features)
Chapter 7- Axial Skeleton
The Vertebral Column
providing vertical support for the body
supporting the weight of the head
helping to maintain upright
Chapter 14 - Nervous Tissue
Organization of the Nervous System
Structural Organization of the Nervous System
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Chapter 8-9 Outline
1. 1) Definition:
2. 2) Articulations vary in stability and mobility, and are classified into categories based on
3. 3) Relationship Between Mobility and Stability in Joints: It is either one or
Explain the concept of 16s rRNA ribotyping and why it is useful in
identifying unknown bacteria from clinical specimens.
16S rDNA sequencing is particularly important in the case of bacteria with
unusual phenotypic profiles, rare bacteria, slow-growing b
Cellular respiration converts food molecules into ATP, a universal source of energy for living organisms
Cellular respiration: organisms fuel their actions
Remember ATP Molecules:
currency exchange from food molecules into ATP
Animal body structures reflect their functions
most animal bodies are organized in a hierarchy from cells to tissues, organs, and organ systems:
the complexity of this organization allows for a great deal or specialization in animal structures
and body fo
Tissues-layers of tissues
Tracing through these organ systems
two side by side pumps, connected to blood vessels which transport bloods to and from
Pericardium: Fibrous sac within the mediastinum
which of the following describes at the tips of the arrow?
Answer: Trigeminal CN V, senses pain in anterior 2/3 of tougue, passes through the ovale foraen,
Which of the following describes the vessel at the arrow tip
Answer: Internal ca
April 7, 2015
Two side-by-side pumps
Connected to blood vessels, which transport blood to and from tissues.
Pulmonary and Systemic Circulations
The cardiovascular system consists of two circulations:
Organization and Functions of the Respiratory System
Respiratory system inseparable from Cardiovascular system (Ch. 22-23)
Upper respiratory tract:
o sphenoidal sinus
o frontal sinus
o nasal cavity
what lied in the black box was DNA, chromosomes, meiosis, and so fourth.
genes are material element (length of DNA)
genes come in pairs, residing in pairs of homologous
chromosomes make copies of themselves, thus giving genes that lie alon
Week of Feburary 9
Chapter 6: (cartilage and bone / connective tissue)
an organ system
supporting framework for soft tissues
interacts with muscular system to produce movement
consists of dynamic living tissues and organs
6.1 Energy is central to life
*energy flows from the sun and through all life on earth*
Biofuels and Fossil fuels:
chain of carbon and hydrogen atoms
energy is stored in the bonds
animal fats and oil
Energy Is central to life:
the sun's energy is captur
Chapter 10.9 Cardiac and Smooth Muscle:
They are individual muscle cells arranged in thick bundles w/in the hear
striated like skeletal muscle fibers
form y-shaped branched, which joined the adjacent muscle cells, which are also known as t
Chapter 8: Study Questions
1. Name the bones of the appendicular skeleton.
2. Name the three fused bones that form one Os coxae.
3. Name the articulations between the bones forming the pelvis and pelvic girdle. List
the bone markings that make up each art
Chapter 1 Outline
1. 1) Definition of Anatomy and physiology
c. 2) Two Categories of Anatomy
i. i) Cytology
ii. ii) Histology
i. i) Comparative anatomy
ii. ii) Developmental an
Articulations: complete the following table, and use it for studying how each articulation of the lower extremities is classified. (page 278)
Name of Joint
Structural Classif. of
Chapter 14 Intro + Chapter 16 Study Guide
1. List functions of the nervous system
2. Distinguish between afferent input and efferent output. Which is sensory?
Motor? Identify the direction signals are carried using the CNS as reference.
3. Define integrat
Chapter 4: Tissues, and Ch. 5 Integument Study Guide
By focusing on the relationship between cellular organization and tissue function, learning the major
characteristics of each tissue type can be accomplished. Since most organs contain all four basic ti
Ch. 12 Muscle Actions Grouped by Joint: Lower Extremity
Muscles acting on the Coxal joint
Muscles acting on the Knee joint
Muscles acting on the An
Ch. 23 Study Guide: Intro and Lower Limb
Compare and contrast capillaries, arteries, and veins both structurally (tunics for arteries and veins,
tissues for capillaries). List the tissues that make up each tunic. How does the structure of each
Chapter 9: Articulations
Step 1: Be able to classify joints.
1. Define articulation (joint).
2. Describe how joints are classified according to structure.
3. Describe how joints are classified according to function.
4. Explain the relationship between mob
Ch. 22 Study Guide: The Heart (Intro)
Describe the position of the heart, naming cavities from most-inclusive (largest) to least-inclusive
(smallest). Using directional terms, describe the location of the heart relative to the lungs; to the
Chapter 8: The Appendicular Skeleton
Step 1: Distinguish between the axial and appendicular skeletons.
1. Name the bones of the axial skeleton.
2. Name the bones of the appendicular skeleton.
Step 2: Understand the bones that form the pelvic girdle and lo