Research Paper Outline
Topic: Down syndrome
Introduction (Background Information/History):
What is Down syndrome?
Who does it affect?
What does it affect?
How long has it been around?
How did the syndrome come about?
Who first describ
DNA replication the process in which original DNA strands are used as templates for the
synthesis of new DNA strands
Homologous recombination the exchange of DNA segments between homologous
Parental strands In DN
April 1, 2013
Down Syndrome is for Life
Down syndrome was first discovered in 1866 by Dr. John Langdon Down. He was an
England physician who specialized in mental retardation. However, it was not until 1959 t
Virus a small infectious particle that contains nucleic acid as its genetic material, surrounded
by a capsid of proteins; some viruses also have an envelope consisting of a membrane embedded
with spike proteins
Host cell a c
Sex determination factors that govern whether an individual develops into a male or female
Sex chromosomes a pair of chromosomes that determines sex in a species
Heterogametic sex in species with two types of sex chro
Genetic map a chart that describes the relative locations of genes or other DNA segments
along a chromosome
Synteny describes the physical co-localization of genetic loci on the same chromosome within
an individual or species
Genetics - the branch of biology that deals with heredity and variation.
Gene a segment of DNA that has the information to produce a functional product
Traits the characteristics of an organism.
Macromolecules large organic mo