Compare and contrast Locke and Hobbes on the purposes or ends of government. Could
Locke accept Leviathan? Why not? Could Hobbes accept a Lockean contract?
John Locke and Thomas Hobbes, minds developed out of the chaos of the English Civil War,
What is Machiavellis advice for the prince? That is, what, above all else, must the
prince learn to do? Why?
Machiavellis principal advice for the prince is that despite the power vested in
the office of a prince, there is no greater mistake than to ignor
For Rousseau, what is legitimacy? Freedom? Civil and moral liberty? What
indeed is the contract and what does one alienate thereby? How do these concepts
function in the Social Contract as correctives to the problems outlined in the
Discourse on the Origi
Hobbes: A Sheep in Wolfs Clothing
In the eyes of many modern day liberal thinkers and political theorists, liberalism and
its espoused ideals have become synonymous with so-called democratic regimes. While modern
liberal ideology has developed to be quite
He isnt denying that parents have power over children, but it is not political power.
Involve penalties/death, legislative power and coercion and enforcement of these laws,
regulation and preservation of property, right of making laws that have to be enfo
Locke knows that youre biased, driven by all the human passions just like hobbes said. There is
also a lack of a judge in the natural state, begging the comparison to Hobbes because people are
not just i
POLITICAL THEORY LECTURE NOTES MARCH 27th LOCKE
The Letter Concerning Toleration
Context- Charles I 1633- Laud Archbishop of Canterbury
We need uniformity in worship! Unite everyone under one faith tradition.
1642- Civil War Lasting until 1651
Blissfully happily married, daughter of a cleric, well off, he chose to be a watchmaker, gets a job
as watchmaker for the seraglio. Wife wants him back to Geneva, ill be poor. His mother dies in
birth and rousseau has a very good relations wi
Rousseau Rural simplicity.
He likes vice!
He idolizes simplistic cultures, referring back to Sparta
He sees them as a culture that has the exact opposite of Paris. This is not the renaissance this is
freeing humanity from the shackles of ignorance. Emerge
Nature Rousseau is asking you if Do you think you are free and independent and do you think
that you would be happy if you were free and independent. But you wouldnt be happier. It
makes you inhuman. . those natural creatures were happy with it, but you c
Rousseaus primitive, savage and uncivilized = HAPPY IDEAL PERFECT these are terms that
he uses admirably. They were happy and they were independent. We, as human beings have left
that behind and we are unhappy and dependent. WE have become dependent on ou
Survey of Political Theory Final Paper
In Defense of the Sciences and of the Arts: A Response to Rousseau
Sir Isaac Newton once said, .to myself I seem to have been only like a boy playing on
the sea-shore, and diverting myself in now