1. Gestalt therapy was developed by:
A. Carl Rogers.
B. Sigmund Freud.
C. Albert Bandura.
D. Frederick (Fritz) Perls.
-2. According to Carl Rogers, a child who did not receive unconditional positive regard in early
life is likely to acquire:
1. _C_ argues that societies invent the concept of mental illness so that they can control
people whose unusual patterns of functioning upset or threaten the social order.
A. Carl Rogers
B. Jerome Frank
C. Thomas Szasz
D. Dick Gregory
-2. A person who suf
1. A procedure in which a pointed instrument was inserted into the frontal lobe of the brain to
destroy brain tissue was known as:
A. a lobotomy.
-2. A research procedure in which a variable is manipulated and
1. _ are a family of antianxiety drugs that includes diazepam (Valium) and
A. Beta blockers
-2. People with _ are tormented by fear and related symptoms well after a traumatic
event has e
. Albert Bandura argued that in order to feel happy and function effectively, people must develop
a positive sense of:
-2. According to Freud, _ is a condition in which the id, ego, and sup
1. A _ assessment would be used to assess unconscious drives and conflicts that may be
at the root of abnormal functioning.
D. brain imaging
-2. A diagnostic category that helps clinicians predict future symptom
1. Aaron Beck believes that _ contribute(s) to the development of depression.
A. symbolic loss
B. internal conflicts
C. maladaptive attitudes
D. reduction in positive rewards
-2. The _ theory holds that men and women are equally prone to depression but th
1. Which of the following is a type of coronary heart disease?
A. muscle contraction angina
B. diabetes mellitus
D. myocardial infarction
-2. The state of stress has two components:
A. stress and stressor.
B. stressor and stress response.
. _ is credited with developing the learned helplessness theory of depression.
A. Aaron Beck
B. Albert Ellis
C. Martin Seligman
D. Rene Spitz
-2. A less disabling form of unipolar depression is known as:
A. manic disorder.
B. bipolar disorder.
Chapter 9 treatments for mood disorders
Respond better to treatments than most other hpsychological disorders
Half the people with depression seek treatment each year
Psychological Treatment of unipolar depression
o Psychodynamic Widely used despite no
Chapter 2 research in abnormal psych
Mental health parity psychological conditions treated at the same level of support as
Mind and body interactions
o Interactionist model
Bf = P x S/E
Behavior is a function of personality
Chapter 11 Eating disorders
o Main symptoms
A refusal to maintain more than 85% of normal body weight
Intense fears of becoming overweight
Distorted view of weight and shape
Lose weight by cut
Chapter 10 Suicide
Suicide is one of the leading causes of death in the world
Parasuicides failed suicide attempts
Suicide is not classified as a mental disorder in the DSM-IV-TR
Shneidman defines suicide as an intentioned death a self-inflicted death
Chapter 12 Substance related disorders
What is a drug
o Any substance other than food that affects our bodies or minds
o Need not be a medicine or illegal
o Current language uses the term substance rather than drug to overtly include
alcohol, tobacco, and
1. Freud centered his explanation of hysterical disorders on the needs and conflicts experience by
_ in the _ stage.
A. girls; genital
B. boys; phallic
C. girls; phallic
D. boys; anal
-2. Which disorder is marked by a parent making up or producing physica
Chap 4 Clinical assessment, diagnosis and treatment
Idiographic understanding an understanding of the behavior of a particular individual
Clinical Assessment: how and why does the client behave abnormaly
o Assessment collecting of relevant information i
Chapter 6 Stress Disorders
Stress and Arousal: Fight-or-Flight response
o Controlled by hypothalamus
o Hypothalamus activates the autonomic nervous system and endocrine system
o Automatic nervous system
The network of nerve fibers that connect the c
1. Symptoms after a traumatic event that last for _ may be diagnosed as acute stress
A. less than one month
B. three months
C. three weeks
D. six months
-2. Which of the following war-related experiences seems to increase the risk of a stress re
Chapter 17 disorders of childhood and adolescence
Bedwetting, nightmares, temper tantrums, and restlessness are other problems
experienced by many children
Over one-quarter of students report being bullied frequently, and more than 70% report
Chapter 8 mood disorders
Two key emotions :
Low, sad state in which life seems dark and its challenges overwhelming
State of breathless euphoria or frenzied energy
Others experience periods of mania that alternate with periods of de
1. The cognitive perspective of panic disorder suggests that its sufferers:
A. suffer from paranoia.
B. may be overly sensitive to bodily sensation and misinterpret them.
C. are neurotic.
D. lack ego strength.
-2. What disorder may also develop along with
1. When a physical ailment has no apparent medical cause, doctors may suspect a _
C. chronic pain
-2. A person who intentionally produces or fakes physical symptoms simply out of a wish to be a
At present, which single viewpoint dominates the clinical field as the psychoanalytic perspective
D. None of the answers are correct.
-2. Which 19th century perspective held the view that abnormal psychologi
1. For the first half of the twentieth century, the cause of schizophrenia was thought to be:
A. brain chemicals.
C. inappropriate parenting.
D. genetic inheritance.
-2. When researchers wish to observe the same subjects on many occasions over
1. The DSM-IV-TR contains five different _ of information that are a part of complete
-2. This widely used neuropsychological test consists of nine cards, each displaying a simple
design that subjects a
Chapter 14 Schizophrenia
o a state defined by a loss of contact with reality
o Symptoms may include hallucinations (false sensory perceptions) and/or
delusions (false beliefs)
o may be substance-induced or caused by brain injury, but most psych
Chapter 16 Personality disorders
o a unique and long-term pattern of inner experience and outward behavior
o consistent and is often described in terms of traits
o flexible, allowing us to learn and adapt to new environments
What is a person
Chapter 18 Disorders of Aging and cognition
Dementia deterioration of ones memory and related cognitive faculties is currently
the most publicized and feared psychological problem among the elderly
Geropsychology is the field of psychology dedicated to