130830 Ecological Footprint
What is our ecological footprint?
o A measure of human demand on Earths ecosystems
o EXAM- Definitely review definitions, of all facets/things we have a problem with
o Def- natural capital
o Ecological capacity to regen
The Costs of Pollution
What are the costs on us?
Who bears these costs? Links back to ideas of env. Movements
How the capitalist system is portrayed to work
o People make money, then they invest that money into things to make stuff
How do we solve pollution problems?
How do we insure our proposed solutions work?
Combining economic + science issues
Science and Tech
o Is this how we can solve tech problems?
o Clearing out different kinds of pollutants- think of energy? Geot
Dr. Cristolo Used to study bird migration/bird habitats
o By chance, found out that Shenendoah was very polluted
o Lingering legacy- produced as accidental byproduct in 1929,
o Mercury used by people since ancient Roman times (used as a pig
It isnt tangible
Fundamentals/thresholds, regulatory applications
What is noise pollution?
o Excessive, displeasing, animal, machine-created environmental noise that disrupts
activity/balance of human/animal life
o From Latin- m
Todays concepts- water as a medium for life
Properties of Water
o Molecule H20- covalently linked to two oxygen atoms
o Relative size of atoms gives water an electrochemical uniqueness- polarity
o The molecules can form a large number
The Clean Water Act
o R.E.M. sang song about Cuyahoga
o Between mid 50s-60s, Cuyahoga river caught on fire
o Industrial pollution, sparks flying fire
Slide 2- connection wasnt just to pollution, but to human h
Enhancement- destroy 1 wetland, enhance 5 to make up
Those two processes are 1:1 ratio
Mitigation banking- find out more about it?
Hypoxia- depleted because oxygen comes too slowly in liquid
CHes. Executive Council- established
If Watershed is filled up with BMPs, we can see a lack of effectiveness on the landscape
LID- Low Impact Development. Developed up in Prin
Develop infiltration things to get it back into the ground? Not have maintenance in
Recurrent Coastal Flooding- How should Virginia respond?
Molly Mitchell- from VIMS
o Advisory- VIMS is the advisory to the state on marine science issues
Flooding in Hampton and Norfolk was causing probl
Metal mining is bad
Open blacksmith report, read into certain headings
Pollution- a negative impact
Pollution is attributed to introductions by humans
Georgia/Florida- planes to Atlanta airport
Particulates emitted by OH pla
Be your own farmer, back to the land
o Some people see land, taking over space, planting fruits/veg there
o Or you could utilize space thats already green
o What type of env. Problems can this solve?
24 MC, 5 sho
How do agricultural alt. resolve problems?
What is Sustainable Agriculture?
o Agriculture is anthropocentric, sustainable makes it more biocentric
o Sustainable- more sustainable for humans and environment
o Shared resources in which each stakeholder has an equal interest
o Common-pool resources
o Most dams are publicly owned
o Three qualities
More than one person has access to it
Theyre difficult/costly to exclude others from i
How Science Meets Policy
Perspective is from the viewpoint of the scientist/researcher
Working on policy issues
How can science influence policy?
How can science/scientists evaluate the role of science in env. Understanding?
How do Sci
One of the largest groups in history
Well look at different classifications of groups
For each group:
o What are the interests of those who participate?
o What tactics to participants deploy?
o What assumptions do the participants h
Reform Environmentalism- reform society in which they live in achieve better ends
One thing to keep in mind- this type of env is most dominant type we have stemming
from post-war era to today
o Next round
Environmentalism in the Global South
The Standard American Environmentalist
o If we buy green products, well be green overall?
o But you have to be wealthy to buy these
o A misconception that you have to be rich/wealthy to be an env
Most land use subjected to a rigorous framework
Regulate or Prohibit?
o Theres an env. Issue, adv. Groups sprang up, get policy produced
o It amounts to- how can you enforce environmental law?
o You can protect resources completely by proh
The Great Agricultural Shift
We could go back, talk about different agricultural revolutions
The Green Revolution and the Gene Revolution
The science/globalization of food
o We produce more food than ever before, but the numb
Subsidieso Mostly started during Great Depression
o Ensured they could go through hard times okay?
o What else affected price?
o People killed cows instead of selling them at low prices
o Subsidies made sure people didnt have to kill suppli
Agriculture, Policy, and the Environment
Start thinking about potential topics
Material is mostly from lecture (but a couple from reading)
o Thinking about Jefferson- if it werent about slavery, we couldnt realize his def.
o Understand difference between populations and community
o Population is a group of interbreeding organisms found in the same space or area
at the same time
Key term is interbreeding
Presumably means taking the same res