Martyrdom is a communicative act that involves holding testimony to faith through suffering and
The English word Martyr originates from the Greek word martur, meaning witness
Shaheed originates feom the Quranic Arabic word me
What is a man? What is a woman? What are the differences between them?
Biological, Sociological, and Economic attributes, among others, differentiate the two
Men: Warriors, bread-winners,
Women: Caretakers, Birth giving,
Indigenous people living in generally contiguous areas of turkey, Iraq, Iran, Armenia and Syria
a mountainous region generally known as Kurdistan (Land of the Kurds)
Largest Ethnic minority in Turkey, Iraq, and Syri
Memory is something collective, produced at nexus of social existence.
Traditions stem from this
Some traumatic memories are memorialized (Holocaust) in order to preserve them globally,
others are not (Great Purge?)
Collective Memory vs. Hi
Central ideas of introduction:
Contemporary events cannot be understood without understanding first understanding
History of the Middle East is not outside of the history of the world
Clash of Civilizations Thesi
Memory in Fragments
Fragmented nature of social memory has a particular bearing on societies emerging from
colonialism, repression, and war
Iraq in Fragments
In the case of Iraq in Fragments we glanced at Sunni, Shia, and Kurdish communities
What is the meaning of terror?
What comes to mind when we say terror?
Is there such a thing as Islamic terrorism? Is there a Christian terrorism?
Is there such a thing like religiously motivated terrorism, how does it differ from o
Photography broker the encounter between first world viewer who seek to understand what
happened out there and the visual trace of human in a condition of war, torture, famine, etc.
Sontag argues that