The Roman Republic
Rome is contemporary with the Greeks
Found in the year 753 BC
509 BC Beginning of the Republic
o Kicked the last Tarquinian King
o Lasts 500 years
The Tiger River runs through Rome
The area around Rome is called Lation
WARI Middle Horizon Tunic with Fret Mo4f and
prole face (CoVon & Camelid bers)
Wari tapestry tunic with 479 stepped frets and a single prole face mo1f.
Such inten1onal anomalies appear in dierent but analogous ways in most Wari
tunics, and may sig
PARACAS Early Intermediate Detail of Block ColorStyle Embroidery with Shaman-Bird Impersonator Mo4f
The paleee includes an astonishing nineteen dierent colors, all achieved with
Mo1fs typically ll borders, as in the Linear Styles, but
TIWANAKU Early Intermediate Middle Horizon
Center Por4on of the Sun Gate detail and complete Sun
The monolithic portal was found out of its original loca1on in a far corner of the
Part of a larger series of doorways
PARACAS Early Horizon / Early Intermediate
Par4ally unwrapped mummy with embroidered
tex4les, gold and spondylus shell ornaments.
One of the largest Necropolis mummy bundles, 5 Ft 6 in in height and 4 Ft 7 IN
across the base, containing forty four
El Tajin, Veracruz South Ballcourt relief panel
An unfortunate loser at the ballgame is being sacriced by 2 victors while a third
looks on. A death God descends from the skyband above to take the oering.
As the narra1ve unfolds at El Tajin, the rai
MOCHE Early Intermediate Period - Ceramic vessels
with white and cream slip pain4ng
Anthropomorphic peanut playing a ute A male musician dressed as a peanut,
shows a shamanic sense of the interchangeability of humans and other living
things such as
VERACRUZ Pyramid of the Niches, El tajin
Architecturally, the most important city of the region is El Tajin, named a^er the
Totonac rain god.
Is at the center of hundreds of acres of ruins.
85 Ft sides, 66 Ft height.
Features 365 niches, each s
OLMEC Middle Forma1ve - La Venta Altar 4
The consensus today is that these altars are thrones on which the Olmec rulers
were seated during important rituals or ceremonies.
This leads many researchers to interpret the gure at the front of Altar 4 as
LATE INTERMEDIATE PERIOD (FORMATIVE) Oaxaca
Monte Alban I - Temple L or Temple of the Danzantes
The City was founded at the beginning of the Late Forma1ve, presumably as the
The main axis running roughly north-south was establishe
Southern Renaissance Continued
Masaccio, Brancacci Chapel, Church of Santa Maria del Carmine, Florence-1427,
Brancaccis were friends of the Medicis. Fresco. Patrons (the Brancacci family) they had
some of the best local painters
Giotto di Bondone, Scrovegni (Arena) Chapel, Padua (1305-06), frescoes
Marriage at Cana
Raising of Lazarus
Resurrection and Noli Me Tangere
Anonymous, Ideal City with A Fountain and Statues of Virtue (1500), oil on wood pa
Boticelli working for Medicis and living in the palaces, making ancient Greek/Roman
(same thing) art, worried he didnt make enough paintings on Christian themes.
There are the N and the S Renaissance, then a new generation of renaissance artists
impressionismfrom painting quickly to get fast impression to just a sketch being the finished
painting. Slows down impressionism, spiritualism, primitivism, pop culture.
Post impressionismart after impressionism. Not a term used by criticsterm invented
Medici family based in Florence-wealthy ruthless business people-expanded market
economy, and lots of religious Medicis.
Civic center seat of government-palazzo de veccio
Center of Religion, and Government.
Dome Of Florence Cathedral- 1417-36, lantern com
High Renaissance: Venice and also in Northern Europeartist as genius, and new
power of relationship of artist and patron. Artist = genius = more ability for artists to
pick and choose what they wanted and didnt want to do.
Venice is unique part
counter reformation0 catholic response to the protestant reformation
External Action: War, inquisition
Internal ActionL refor,m, council of trent
3 aspects of this era
1) Dynamism-action, movement
3) Viewer involvement
Rich, strong, long traditions acted as reference points for the people, as did classical
antiquitystood at a high point in shared cultural history. Once established people
have signs of luxury and imported things, there is also art. In the colonies, it em
David finally arrested, but never made it to the guillotine because of his importance
as a painter. It was because of napoleon, who saw a propaganda painter of napoleon.
Napolean took lots of land for france, and French wanted to see him as th
Leave Italy, France becomes center of art and cultural activities
Louis XIV, Riguard 1701 oil canvas. Into pomp and ceremony and power. France was
fragmented into different powerful cities, so the King of France was always in Paris,
Transition from renaissance to Baroque
*Pontormo, entombment- 1525-28, oil on wood panel
Mannerism/Manner-people who are a little over the top and excessively concerned
with things that are over the top. It loses touch with the main stream renaissance.
Artistic expression of protestant reformation. Present-day Netherlands, HOLLAND the one area that managed
to break free of the holy roman empire. They renounced the beliefs of catholics, but holy roman empire wanted
that land, so they fou
German expressionism and italiam futureism was last time
Today is utopian artvisionary and trying to solve worldwide problems through art
unrealistic and unpractical, but it tries to solve world problems, especially as they
were seen in WW1
Neo Classicismone side grows from rococos fun side, and the other from the didactic enlightenment
Went back to Florence, Rome, then back to Naples, moved around. They saw art we studied for southern
renaissance, and further down in Rome saw classi
Turn away from the focus on the classical past of neo-classicism
Turn away from excessive emotion
Focus on the here and now
Painting- focus on countryside
Photography-documentation or art?
familiar countryside of constables youth:
country vs city
AH Lecture 2
Europe in the Renaissance
Northern Renaissance, France, Flanders (Belgiumrich core of the renaissance),
Smaller manuscript illuminations turned into larger ones, which turned into oil
*Robert Campin, Mrode Alarpiece
Military term-avant-garde-cutting edge, front guard, scouts who go out ahead. Art as
*Pre-war AG(England) vs Post war AG (US)
WW2 created lots of migration of peoples. Direct response of post war migration.
Pre war avant-gardemany isms. Si