Exam 1 Bio310 S16 KEY
1. Identify a false statement from the descriptions of genetics below.
a. Humans first applied genetics to the domestication of plants and animals between approximately
10,000 and 12,000 years ago.
b. Some viruses use RNA to carry th
Exam 1 Bio310 S16
100pts/2.5 per question
1. Which type of chromosome has a centromere displaced toward one end, creating a long arm and a short
2. Which type of chr
Study Guide 2
The set of information that controls a trait a segment of DNA on a chromosome that
codes for a specific trait.
Is one of a pair of genes that appear at a specific location on a certain chromosome an
Study guide Ch. 22
Process by which a cell becomes committed to developing into a particular cell type.
In cancer, refers to how mature (developed) the cancer cells are in a tumor. Differentiated
Study guide #3
Sex chromosomes that do not differ in morphology, resulting in only one kind of gamete
(females in mammals and males in birds)
Sex chromosomes are not the same. (Males in mammals and
Study list #6
Genes on the same chromosomes that are 50 centimorgans or less apart.
The transfer of nucleotide sequences between two DNA molecules
Normally involves homologous sequences (segments that are ide
The entire double-strand DNA molecule serves as a template for a whole new molecule
of DNA and the original DNA molecule is fully conserved during replication
Both nucleotide strands
Study guide Ch. 18
Mutation in a cell that does not give rise to a gamete.
Mutation in a germ-line cell (one that gives rise to gametes).
Mutation in which a single pair of bases in DNA
Study guide 4
Allele trait is completely dominant over the other alleles for the same trait
The phenotype of a heterozygote is an intermediate between the two homozygotes
Study Guide #1
Genome- is a complete set of genetic instructions for any organism,
all of which are made of nucleic acids (RNA and DNA)
Transmission genetics- encompasses the basic principles of heredity
Study guide #5
A family tree of genetic characteristics
Autosomal dominant disorder
A pattern of inheritance in which the affected individual has one copy of a mutant gene
and one normal gene on a pair of autosomal chromo
Study guide Ch. 21
Phenomena due to alterations to DNA that do not include changes in the base
sequence; often affect the way in which the DNA sequences are expressed.
All epigenetic modifications within the
Study guide Ch. 19
- Separates macromolecules based on charge
- Uses apparatus, agarose (matrix), buffer, electricity and stain (see molecules location)
-Movement of macromolecules through a matrix
Study list Ch. 17
The dynamic modification of chromatin architecture to allow access of condensed
genomic DNA to the regulatory transcription machinery proteins, and thereby control
Study Guide 14
Ribosome binding site on mRNA molecule
Only in Eukaryotes. Consensus sequence is perfect context for translation to initiate. If
the first AUG has a weak Kozak sequence,
Study Guide 15
The synthesis of a polypeptide according to the nucleotide sequence template that codes
Messenger RNA. Transcribed antiparallel complimentary to a template strand of DNA
that encodes a
Study Guide 13
Template strand (non-coding or non-sense strand)
The strand of DNA that is used as a pattern during transcription.
The RNA synthesized during transcription is complementary and antiparallel to the
Study guide Ch. 23
A genetic disease.
Movement of a chromosome segment to a non homologous chromosome or to a region
within the same chromosome.
Dominant-acting gene that stimulates cell division, lea
Pictorial representation of the complete diploid set of chromosomes grouped together in
pairs, arranged in order of decreasing size
Attained by trypsin treatment of chromosomes followed by Giems
Study Guide #1
An organism or cell having two sets of chromosomes
A cell that contains a single set of homologous chromosomes
The complete set of sequences in the genetic material of an organism.
Study Guide Ch. 10
A nucleotide that contains ribose as its sugar and is a component of RNA.
A nucleotide having a purine or pyrimidine base bonded to deoxyribose, which is bonded
to a phosphate group
Study guide Ch. 16
DNA binding proteins
Proteins that have DNA-binding domains, specifically for interacting with DNA. The
business end usually interacts with major grooves.
Set of structural genes in a prokaryote with a pr
Study Guide Ch. 11
structure containing DNA and proteins that carries and transmits genetic information
bacterial DNA limited to a definite region of the cytoplasm
protein found in eukaryotes that complexes