Physiology Chapter 12
Stress- The response to perceived threats or challenges resulting from stimuli or
events that cause strain.
Eustress- The stress response to agreeable or positive stressors.
Distress-The stress response to unpleasant and undesirable
Psychology Chapter 14
Biomedical Therapy-Drugs and other physical interventions that target the
biological processes underlying psychological disorders; primary goal is to reduce
Deinstitutionalization-The mass movement of patients with psycholo
Psychology Chapter 11
Personality-The unique, core set of characteristics that influence the way one
thinks, acts, and feels, and that are relatively consistent and enduring throughout the
Id-According to Freud, the most primitive structure of
Psychology Chapter 6
Encoding-The process through which information enters our memory system.
Memory-Information collected and stored in the brain that is generally
retrievable for later use.
Retrieval-The process of accessing information encoded and stor
Psychology Chapter 5
Habituation- A basic form of learning evident when an organism does not
respond as strongly or as often to an event following multiple exposures to it.
Learning-A relatively enduring change in behavior or thinking that results from
CHAPTERS 23, 24, 25
Ageism- A prejudice whereby people are categorized and judged solely on the basis of
their chronological age.
Demographic shift- A shift in the proportions of the populations of various ages.
Elderspeak- A condescending way of speaking
Chapters 14, 15, 16
Pituitary- A gland in the brain that responds to a signal from the hypothalamus by
producing many hormones, including those that regulate growth and that control other
glands, among them the adrenal and sex glands.
Gonads- The paired s
CHAPTERS 20, 21, 22
Presbycusis-A significant loss of hearing associated with senescence. Presbycusis
usually is not apparent until after age 60.
Senescence- The process of aging, whereby the body becomes less strong and
Infertility- The inabil
CHAPTERS 11, 12, 13
Middle childhood- The period between early childhood and early adolescence,
approximately from ages 6 to 11.
Childhood obesity- In a child, having a BMI above the 95th percentile, according to
the U.S. Centers for Disease Control's 198
Corpus callosum- A long, thick band of nerve fibers that connects the left and right hemispheres of the
brain and allows communication between them.
Myelination- The process by which axons become coated with myelin, a fatty substance that
Chapter 5,6,7 Week 3
Axon-A fiber that extends from a neuron and transmits electrochemical impulses from that
neuron to the dendrites of other neurons.
Co-sleeping- A custom in which parents and their children (usually infants) sleep together in the
CHAPTERS 17, 18, 19
emerging adulthood- The period of life between the ages of 18 and 25. Emerging
adulthood is now widely thought of as a separate developmental stage.
Homeostasis- The adjustment of all the body's systems to keep physiological functions
Psychology Chapter 13
Bipolar Disorder-A mood disorder marked by dramatic swings in mood, ranging
from manic episodes to depressive episodes.
Maladaptive Behaviors-Behaviors or actions that run counter to what is in
ones own best interest.