Chapter 1: Chemical Basis of Life
Four Major Biomolecules
Amino Acids: contain an amino group and a carboxylic group and an side chain/R group
Under physiological conditions, ionized to NH3+ and COO Ex. Alanine and Asparagine
The final exam covers everything, but emphasizes Chapters 18 and 21 through 23. The exam
will be essay and problems. There will be no multiple choice, matching, or true/false questions
on the exam.
Things not to study for (mentioned in class)
Types: Chemical or
Electrical (gap junction)
terminal (bouton) -synaptic cleft - postsynaptic cell
Electrical junctions (gap junctions) are direct connections
between cells. No cleft or neurotra
Study Guide for Exam 2
a nerve cell, the fundamental signaling unit of the nervous system.
cells in an animals neural tissue other than neurons. Considered support cells, ensheathing
neuronal processes or regulating the metabolism of
I. Data and Calculations
Complete the following tables with the lesson data indicated, and calculate the Mean as appropriate;
Start of inha
Activity 1: What is a stretch reflex and why are they clinically important. Outline a basic
stretch reflex and then report on your results from the patellar and Achilles reflexes.
Stretch reflex is a response to a muscle stretching, and this de
Area Tested 2 pt ThresholArea Local
Palm of hand
Inside of for 17.3333333
Upper arm 28.3333333
f(x) = 8.4333
20 R = 0.85237
15 f(x) = 5.315x
R = 0.75735
Palm of hand
Two-Point Threshold vs. Error of
3 May 2016
ECG & Pulse Lab Report
Since the blood is necessary for the exchange of nutrients and wastes throughout
the bodys tissues, it is also essential for the body to have a mechanism for blood
delivery. The heart serves t
Bio 461 Exam 3 Example Exam
Multiple Choice: Choose the best answer (1 pt each) Use Scantron for Questions 1- 35
1) _B_ The fovea centralis contains A) rods and cones B) cones only C) rods only D) the central artery and
central vein E) the optic disc.
2 February 2016
Enzyme Kinetics Lab Report
The use of biological catalysts in chemical reactions is essential to the everyday
functioning of living cells. These catalysts, or enzymes, function to catalyze reactions by
Study Guide for Exam 2
Neurons, Glial Cells
Know the structure of a generic neuron.
Know the function of the different parts of the neuron. Dendrites are a major site of synaptic
input from other neurons. Cell body is a major site of integration of synapt
15 February 2016
Diffusion and Osmosis Lab Report
The processes of diffusion and osmosis, which both involve the movement of
substances from areas of high concentration to low concentration, are essential to many
body and cell
4 March 2016
Cockroach Leg Stimulus-Duration Lab Report
Many cells in the body, particularly neurons found within the brain, require a
stimulus to generate a nerve impulse to send signals to other cells and parts of the body.
1. How does receptor mediated endocytosis
differ from phagocytosis?
2. Explain the process of freeze-fracture
3. What property of phospholipids makes them
ideally suited to form membranes?
4. Compare and contrast active and passive
1. Briefly explain the location of the cellular
receptor and the mechanism of action of
2. Distinguish between synaptic, paracrine, and
endocrine mechanisms of cell signaling.
3. Describe the structure and function of Gprotein coupled re
1. When would it be appropriate to use an electron microscope
instead of a light microscope?
2. Discuss functions of the Golgi apparatus
3. Describe the structure and function of the different types of
protein fibers that constitute the cytoskeleton
Biology 122 Final Exam Study Guide Marcey 16/SP
I. Photosynthesis (light dependent and light independent reactions; electron transport chain; ATP
and NADPH production; carbon fixation; C4 and CAM plants; photorespiration)
6CO2 + 12H2O
1.A team of researchers at a pestcide company are working produce a new rodent poison to address a
growing problem of rat infestatons at an old waterfront warehouse. The researchers are developing a poison
that will cause the junctons between intestnal ce