Differences between Contract, Tort, and Criminal Law
The parties agree on a contract, which creates duties for both.
Suit by plaintiff.
Money damages for plaintiff.
The civil law imposes duties of conduct on all persons.
Suit by pl
Summary: Edwards v. Aguillard
Back in 1987, Louisiana had an act named Creationism Act. Before, all high schools in Louisiana had
to teach creationism along with evolution, in order to check and balance with the opinions and
BUS& 201 Business Law
Week 1 Case Law
1. The Oculists Case, L.I. MS. Hale 137 (1), fo. 150, Nottingham (1329), p. 6
Oculist -> Eye doctor -> failed to heal patient and made him blind -> Patient sues doctor for malpractice
Chapter 2: Ethics
Ethics: How people ought to act? How people should behave? Why bother to act ethically at all?
Why bother to act ethically at all?
- Society as a Whole Benefits from Ethical Behavior
- People feel better when they behave ethically
Common Law: It is judge made law
- Sum total of all the cases decided by appellate courts
- Stare Decisis = Let the decision stand
- Essence of the common law -> Rule by precedent
- Laws cannot be changed daily, so therefore ruled by precedents
Chapter 3: ADR and Dispute Methods
Litigation vs ADR
Litigation refers to lawsuits
ADR refers to any formal or informal process used to settle disputes without a trial
Trial Courts determine the facts of a particular dispute and apply to
1) One of my problem occurred at the very beginning of this course. During the class, professor gave us many notes. W
hile I taking every single word down, I also need to pay attention on my professors speech. However, I found myself di
d not have enough
Communication Studies 101
Introduction to Communication
Listening Log Mini-Experiment ~ SUMMARY ONLY due on Canvas Sunday, Oct 23 by 11:59 pm.
No one is a perfect listener! Here is a chance for you to see how often you truly listen and how much of the tim
Instructor's Name:Dr. Eric Hamako
Course Title: MCS 105
10 March 2016
Beyond Gay Marriage
1) Beyond Gay Marriage National Radio Project
2)When the first time I attend this class, I
Chapter 5: Constitutional Law
Constitution: Framed by the founding fathers in 1787. It is a series of compromises of power
Separation of powers: Create a government and divide to three branches.
Congress is given the power to pass statutes.
Ch1: Introduction to Law
Three important ideas about law
1) Power (Such that it confronts an action)
2) Importance (Constitution that guarantees certain rights for people)
3) Fascination (How courts analyze a case; People bring cases often in litigation)
Chapter 8: Crime
The Difference Between a Civil and Criminal Case
- Civil law involves the rights and liabilities that exist between private parties.
- Criminal law prohibits and punishes conduct that threatens public safety and welfare
- Civil law involv
Chapter 29: Employment Law
This chapter covers four topics in employment law: (1) employment security, (2) safety and
privacy in the workplace, (3) financial protection, and (4) employment discrimination.
* In the absence of a specific legal exception, th
Chapter 13 Legality
Wagers: a gambling contract is illegal unless it is a type of wagering specifically authorized by
Insurance: Anyone taking out a policy on the life of another must have insurable interest in that
Contract Ch 11
The person who makes an offer is the offeror . The person to whom he makes that offer is the
Do the offeror s words and actions indicate an intention to make a bargain?
Are the terms of the offer reasonably definite?
What is an
Chapter 14 Capacity
Minors -> (Anyone <18 years old) -> Lacked capacity -> voidable contract can be cancelled by
the party who lacks capacity
- A minor who wishes to escape from a contract generally may disaffirm it.
- A minor wh
1) A contract is merely a legally enforceable agreement.
People regularly make promises, but only some of them are enforceable. For a contract to be
enforceable, seven key characteristics
Offer. All contracts begin when a person or a company p
BUS& 201 Business Law
Week 7 Case Law
1. Ohio v. Smith, 2009 Ohio 6426, 920 N.E.2d 949, (Ohio Sup. Ct., 2009), pp. 183-184
Facts: Wendy Northern -> Hospitalized -> Police searched the cell phone -> contains drug dealing
information > got
BUS& 201 Business Law
Weeks 5-6 Case Law; Torts
1. Jane Doe and Nancy Roe v. Lynn Mills, 212 Mich. App. 73, 536 N.W.2d 824, 1995 Mich. App. LEXIS
313 (MI Ct. Apps., 1995), pp. 135-136
2. State Farm v. Campbell, 538 U.S. 408 (U.S. Sup. Ct
Chapter 7 Strict Liability - Negligence
Unintentional tort concerns harm that arises by accident.
Duty of Due Care. The defendant had a legal responsibility to the plaintiff. This is the
point from the Palsgraf case.
Breach. The defendant breached her
Chapter 8- Criminal Law;
1. Define a crime. What are penal codes?
Criminal law prohibits and punishes conduct that threatens public safety and welfare
Only a government can prosecute a crime by sending him to prison.
The government can