PSYCH MIDTERM 2 REVIEW:
1. Four variables used to infer motivation are looking at what people/animals choose to do,
how quickly a creature decides on a course of action, how long they will stay with a
decision, and how hard they are willing to
1. According to research, traits are more predictive of
A. leader-member exchange
B. leader effectiveness
C. leader emergence
D. leadership life cycle
E. none of these
2. Which of these would be classified as the decision-making style in which the followe
79. Among those who have revised Freud's psychoanalytic theory, who has been the most
A. Karen Horney
B. Alfred Adler
C. John Watson
D. Albert Bandura
80. If a child developed a need to be perfect, Horney would say that the child developed
63. The parts of the body which become the primary outlets of sexual energy are known as _
64. The first psychosexual stage in Freud's personality theory is the _ stage.
Which of the following would be an example of telegraphic speech?
A. Do you like me?
B. I love you.
C. Milk all gone.
D. Please get me the ball.
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Infants about 6 to 9 mon
47. Displacement can sometimes be good, such as substituting a socially desirable goal (for example,
losing weight) for a socially undesirable goal (for example, bombing the grocery store). This
process is called
B. subconscious control.
The more obvious physical changes that occur during puberty are called
A. primary sex characteristics.
B. secondary sex characteristics.
C. climacteric sex characteristics.
D. tertiary sex characteristics.
31. What would Freud say is true about the contents of the unconscious mind?
A. It has no affect on normal living.
B. It is difficult to access.
C. It forms the conscience.
D. It is the product of learning.
32. Freud claimed that the purpose of the uncons
In spite of the fact that he sold only two paintings in his entire life, Van Gogh painted for hours
each day. He most likely was motivated by
B. extrinsic factors.
C. intrinsic factors.
D. novel stimulation.
In the Watson and Tellegren model of emotion, what distinguishes fear from anger?
A. the higher negative emotional value of anger
B. situational factors
C. the type of physiological arousal
D. the higher positive emotional value of fear
23. Which of the following plays the largest role in the control of hunger?
C. small intestine
D. large intestine
24. The feeding system is located in the _ hypothalamus and the satiety system is located in the
The Erikson's personality development stage where a person learns to feel comfortable and
can rely on parents or develops a perception of the world that is unsafe is known as
A. basic trust vs. mistrust.
B. initiative vs. guilt.
C. identity v
53. Which of the following statements is a component of Solomon's opponent-process theory of
A. A positive feeling is followed by a feeling of numbness.
B. Positive feelings turn out to just be nonnegative feelings.
C. A positive feeling is fo
When a biologist tells you it is the rutting season for deer, it means the _ deer are
A. female; ovulating
B. male; producing sperm
C. female; infertile
D. male; infertile
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Chapter 11 Key
Why are motivation and emotion closely linked concepts?
A. Motives are often accompanied by emotion.
B. Both involve homeostatic mechanisms.
C. They are opponent processes.
D. Emotions are primary motives.
7. Which of the following is considered a primary motive?
8. Primary motives are important because if we do not satisfy these motives, we
A. have low self-esteem.
B. are dissatisfied.
C. are lonely.
153.The pituitary gland is involved in the monitoring of thirst levels.
154.Mouth dryness is the main cue that regulates drinking.
155.Optimal arousal theory states that too much stimulation will motivate us to find ways to decrease
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In terms of variations in development, different children develop
A. at the same rate.
B. the ability to skip developmental stages.
C. at different rates.
D. through different orders of stages.
Experiments have shown that monkeys will work quite hard to peer through a window at such
things as model trains going around. What best explains why they will do this?
A. It satisfies a homeostatic drive.
B. It provides novel stimulation.
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If a person is satiated, it means that they are
A. hungry and they will gorge themselves for hours.
B. full but they still want more dessert.
C. hungry yet they have no desire to eat.
D. full and do no
Which of the following is true about developmental declines in hearing and smell?
A. Men tend to show declines earlier than women.
B. Declines in these areas tend to appear simultaneously.
C. Hearing tends to stay intact better than smell.
69. The lowest or most basic needs in Maslow's classification system are called _ needs.
70. Which of the following is an example of intrinsic motivation?
A. going to a show early to get the best seat
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Which of the following is an effect of climacteric in men?
A. increase in sex hormones
B. decline in sperm cell production
C. men don't experience climacteric
D. increase in sperm cell production
85. What is the name given to the pattern of behavior that occurs when a sexually fatigued male
regains sexual vigor following introduction to a new sex partner?
A. the Coolidge effect
B. sexual machismo
C. the Krafft-Ebing effect
D. the refractory period
According to Gilligan, men and women follow similar paths of moral development.
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Gilligan believes that women's moral reasoning is based on caring and relationsh
In Gilligan's second level of moral development, there is increased awareness
A. that sacrifices should be shared.
B. of the consequences of behavior.
C. of the rules of society.
D. of the needs of others.
117.According to the Cannon-Bard theory of emotions,
A. you feel nervous because you notice yourself sweating.
B. you sweat because you feel nervous.
C. your sweating coincides with feeling nervous.
D. you feel nervous after you stop sweating.
127.The most widely used method of personality assessment is the
128.If someone is using an observational method to better understand personality, it means that they
A. developing educated guesses.
The belief that engaging in competitive sports or watching violent sports can lead to a
reduction of violent behavior is compatible with
A. social learning theory.
B. frustration-aggression theory.
C. Freud's instinct theory.
According to Kbler-Ross, the last stage of death and dying is
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Kbler-Ross identified the stages experienced by t
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According to Schachter and Singer, the specific emotion we experience depends on the
A. rate of firing of neurons leading from the hypothalamus to the neocortex.
B. specific patterns
133.It is the _ theory that suggests that aggression is a natural reaction to one's inability to attain
A. Freudian instinct
C. Izard cognitive
D. social learning
134.According to social learning theory, people are
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If Joe is in the resolution phase of the sexual response cycle, he
A. may be experiencing a refractory period.
B. will be able to produce an erection.
C. has not yet achieved orgasm.
101.Whether a man develops a heterosexual or homosexual orientation may be biologically related to
A. daily level of circulating testosterone.
B. structure of his hypothalamus.
C. inheritance of an XXY chromosome pattern.
D. release of female sex horm