PSYCH MIDTERM 2 REVIEW:
1. Four variables used to infer motivation are looking at what people/animals choose to do,
how quickly a creature decides on a course of action, how long they will stay with a
decision, and how hard they are willing to
What is the relationship between the number of friends a person has and their happiness?
A. The number of friends a person has is not related to a person's overall happiness.
B. People with more friends tend to be much more happy than people
31. What would Freud say is true about the contents of the unconscious mind?
A. It has no affect on normal living.
B. It is difficult to access.
C. It forms the conscience.
D. It is the product of learning.
32. Freud claimed that the purpose of the uncons
53. Which of the following statements is a component of Solomon's opponent-process theory of
A. A positive feeling is followed by a feeling of numbness.
B. Positive feelings turn out to just be nonnegative feelings.
C. A positive feeling is fo
Lahey - Chapter 10 #95
A 13-year-old breaks up with his first girlfriend and he is very upset. No one can console him,
because he believes that no one else has ever been hurt as badly as he has been. The boy's
beliefs are consi
1. According to research, traits are more predictive of
A. leader-member exchange
B. leader effectiveness
C. leader emergence
D. leadership life cycle
E. none of these
2. Which of these would be classified as the decision-making style in which the followe
Lahey - Chapter 10 #118
Which of the following is an effect of climacteric in men?
A. increase in sex hormones
B. decline in sperm cell production
C. men don't experience climacteric
D. increase in sperm cell production
7. Which of the following is considered a primary motive?
8. Primary motives are important because if we do not satisfy these motives, we
A. have low self-esteem.
B. are dissatisfied.
C. are lonely.
Intro to Psychology
Monday, January 07, 2013
*Psychology is very broad: people associate with Sigmund Freud, rats, brain, developmental psych, Dr.
Phil, animal behavior etc.
Psychology: The scientific study of the brain, the mind, and behavior
Mahatma Gandhi, Martin Luther King, and Eleanor Roosevelt are all believed to be examples
of people who make moral choices mostly in the _ stage.
In spite of the fact that he sold only two paintings in his entire life, Van Gogh painted for hours
each day. He most likely was motivated by
B. extrinsic factors.
C. intrinsic factors.
D. novel stimulation.
The more obvious physical changes that occur during puberty are called
A. primary sex characteristics.
B. secondary sex characteristics.
C. climacteric sex characteristics.
D. tertiary sex characteristics.
47. Displacement can sometimes be good, such as substituting a socially desirable goal (for example,
losing weight) for a socially undesirable goal (for example, bombing the grocery store). This
process is called
B. subconscious control.
Which of the following would be an example of telegraphic speech?
A. Do you like me?
B. I love you.
C. Milk all gone.
D. Please get me the ball.
Lahey - Chapter 10 #62
Infants about 6 to 9 mon
63. The parts of the body which become the primary outlets of sexual energy are known as _
64. The first psychosexual stage in Freud's personality theory is the _ stage.
79. Among those who have revised Freud's psychoanalytic theory, who has been the most
A. Karen Horney
B. Alfred Adler
C. John Watson
D. Albert Bandura
80. If a child developed a need to be perfect, Horney would say that the child developed
23. Which of the following plays the largest role in the control of hunger?
C. small intestine
D. large intestine
24. The feeding system is located in the _ hypothalamus and the satiety system is located in the
Experiments have shown that monkeys will work quite hard to peer through a window at such
things as model trains going around. What best explains why they will do this?
A. It satisfies a homeostatic drive.
B. It provides novel stimulation.
Lahey - Chapter 10 #16
In terms of variations in development, different children develop
A. at the same rate.
B. the ability to skip developmental stages.
C. at different rates.
D. through different orders of stages.
153.The pituitary gland is involved in the monitoring of thirst levels.
154.Mouth dryness is the main cue that regulates drinking.
155.Optimal arousal theory states that too much stimulation will motivate us to find ways to decrease
Chapter 11 Key
Why are motivation and emotion closely linked concepts?
A. Motives are often accompanied by emotion.
B. Both involve homeostatic mechanisms.
C. They are opponent processes.
D. Emotions are primary motives.
When a biologist tells you it is the rutting season for deer, it means the _ deer are
A. female; ovulating
B. male; producing sperm
C. female; infertile
D. male; infertile
Lahey - Chapter 11 #92
The Erikson's personality development stage where a person learns to feel comfortable and
can rely on parents or develops a perception of the world that is unsafe is known as
A. basic trust vs. mistrust.
B. initiative vs. guilt.
C. identity v
Lahey - Chapter 11 #166
The hypothalamus is the brain center that controls sexual motivation.
Lahey - Chapter 11 #167
One reason human sexual motivation is l
95. Which of the following theories is a compromise between situationism and trait theories?
A. Allport's theory of personality
B. reciprocal trait theory
C. Cattell's theory of personality
D. person x situation interactionism
96. Psychologists who suppor
In the Watson and Tellegren model of emotion, what distinguishes fear from anger?
A. the higher negative emotional value of anger
B. situational factors
C. the type of physiological arousal
D. the higher positive emotional value of fear
Lahey - Chapter 11 #24
If a person is satiated, it means that they are
A. hungry and they will gorge themselves for hours.
B. full but they still want more dessert.
C. hungry yet they have no desire to eat.
D. full and do no
Which of the following is true about developmental declines in hearing and smell?
A. Men tend to show declines earlier than women.
B. Declines in these areas tend to appear simultaneously.
C. Hearing tends to stay intact better than smell.
According to Gilligan, men and women follow similar paths of moral development.
Lahey - Chapter 10 #146
Gilligan believes that women's moral reasoning is based on caring and relationsh
Chapter 8: Emotion and Motivation
1) There are two dimensions: arousal and valence. There is positive and negative arousal and
valence. High arousal and low arousal are y-axis, Positive valence and negative valence are x-axis.
Valence(how positive or nega
Hans Selye (1930) finding hormones like ulcers after being injected with ovaries
Even after having a control group,he found the ulcers to exist
He was terrible at injecting rats as it was a stressful experience for both him and the rats
Putting rats under
Cerebral Cortex (Gray matter) - Corpus Callosum, Basal Ganglia
White parts are myelinated axons
Cerebral Cortex divisions- Frontal lobe, Parietal lobe, Occipital lobe, temporal lobe
Back part of Frontal lobe is called motor cortex
Front part of Parietal l
ReuptakeElectrical impulses (action potentials) travel down a neurons axon until reaching a tiny junction
known as synapse.
When an action potential reaches an axon terminal, it triggers the release of neurotransmitter
Common Neurotransmitters i