Biology 200 Study Questions Week 7
1. There are five basic cellular developmental processes that a cell can undergo. Using the sentence prompts below,
describe differentiation. For each prompt, answer in one short sentence or less while being as specific
What compounds poison the glucose oxidation
II. Where does glucose oxidation fit in overall
III. Metabolic diversity: Electron donors and acceptors
IV. Metabolic diversity: Fermentation pathways
Principles of development
What are the common processes that underlie
II. What evidence suggests that differential gene
expression is the essence of development?
III. What are cell cell signals, and how do they influence
Gametogenesis and fertilization
I. Why/why not questions about oogenesis
h / h
What is this cell? What is its fate?
Are the alleles in these chromosomes
I. How does gastrulation occur in frogs?
II How does gastrulation occur in chickens?
The first studies of gastrulation in vertebrates were done in
the African clawed frog Xenopus laevis. Which of the
following make t
What happens as gastrulation progresses in the chick
II. How do ectodermal cells change during neurulation?
III. What cell cell signals are responsible for neurulation?
IV. What are the consequences when neurul
Biology 200 Study Questions Week 5
a) The Silver gene promoter: (Check ALL true answers):
_ Binds basal transcription factors tightly
_ Binds basal trancription factors poorly
_ Binds to regulatory transcription factors all of the time
_ Is NOT a double-s
Biology 200: Week 4 Study questions
Note: You will be given a codon table for the exam. Also, you are STRONGLY encouraged to use the blue questions in
the textthe ones relevant to material covered in class or labas study questions.
1. Below is the sequenc
Cleavage and cytoplasmic determinants
I. What patterns occur during embryonic cleavage?
II What runs cleavage?
III. What are cytoplasmic determinants, and how do they
affect the consequences of cleavage?
NO CELL PHONES! !
Small molecules; Carbohydrates
I. What are the key atoms in organisms?
What is the valence (or valence number) of each?
How many covalent bonds can each form?
What is the symbol for each?
Lipids and membranes
What are the key lipids in organisms?
Why do lipid bilayers form?
What factors affect the permeability of membranes?
How do molecules and ions move across membranes,
in response to diffu
I. Can you apply major concepts from yesterday?
II. How d
does th citric acid cycle produce NADH ( d
the it i
III How does pyruvate processing produce NADH?
You eat a grape, high in glucose co
What happens during glucose oxidation in cells?
How does ATP synthase work?
What creates the proton gradient?
What brings high energy electrons to the ETC?
I. What happens during glucose oxidation in cells?
Biology 200 Study Questions Week 10
1. You are working in a human genetics laboratory trying to develop new anti-cancer therapies. You perform a DNA
microarray comparing the transcriptome of cell lines made from the ovarian tissue of sisters, one of whom
Differentiation, body folding
I. How does body folding occur in the chicken embryo?
II How do determination and differentiation occur?
How does body folding create the basic morphology of the
embryo? To summarize:
Cell cycle and cancer
I. What are the components of the cell cycle?
II How do cell cycle checkpoints work to regulate
progression through the cell cycle?
III. What is cancer?
Totipotent, undifferentiated cells
The Big Picture:
Biology 200 Study Questions Week 8
The Big Development Scenario
Questions 1 2 will be about the following development scenario. Not all details are shown.
rounded oval made
of many cells)
Genomics: Natural history of the genome
How are genome sequences annotated?
What are microsatellites and minisatellites?
What are transposable elements?
What is a gene family, and how do they form?
NO CELL PH
I. How much sequence data do we have?
Genome sequencing milestones:
First genome sequenced: an RNA phage, 1976 (3,500 bp )
First DNA genome: a DNA phage, 1977 (5,000 bp)
First prokaryote: a bacterium, 1995 (1.
Start with template DNA,
often genomic DNA
Genetic cascades in development
At the molecular level,
why is development
Todays model system: fruit flies
How is the anterior posterior axis set up in Drosophila?
Biology 200 Study Questions Week 9
NOTE: Be sure to use the on your own problems on the PCR worksheet you did in class. These are available on the
1. Your colleague is having problems with a PCR reaction and comes to you for help. They giv
Biology 200 Study Questions Week 6
1. In bacteria, "transcription regulator M" regulates the expression of the genes that code for the two enzymes that are
used in alcoholic fermentation (shown below).
a. Which of the following molecules