Thucydides Trap, Power Transitions and Hegemonic War
BOP: wars unlikely when balance exists
Power transition theory (PTT) predicts wars likely when
relative power changes
Thucydides Trap (same as power transition)
A dominant power (status quo SQ)
I. What is unipolarity?
A distribution of power where one power stands above the
No plausible coalition of other countries can counterbalance.
Not likely that India, China, Russia, Brazil alliance
II. Unipolar configurations of power are
Levels of Analysis of International Relations
Introduction: significance of different levels of
(a) Explain war
(b) too many explanations
(c) need to organize information
II. Three Levels: individual, the societal, and the
(a) first l
Paradigms of International Relations
I. Meaning of Paradigm
worldview, theory, conceptual
implicit worldviews of IP: realism and
what is your worldview of IP?
Your basic assumptions?
Your ideas about what counts?
Mulitpolar systems have at least three powers
Hard for any one (or combination) to achieve dominance
Why? Defensive alliances easy.
Everyone fears concentrated power. Better to be
friends with the weak than the strong.
Minimum winning coalit
Liberalism and International Relations
I. Introduction: three key differences
(realism and liberalism)
(1) Units of Analysis
Realism, States (rational and
Liberalism, many actors:states,
MNCs, IGOs, NGOs.
Differences within states, states
The Societal Level:Nationalism and War
Definition. Common identity and right to
Nation. Larger than family, village,
Smaller than humankind and
Stronger than ethnic attachments
II. What are sources of common identity?