Population increase: Rapid population increase usually leads to
increased pressure on land in rural areas. This leads to excessive
fragmentation of plots until such a time as they can no longer be
subdivided if subsistence is to be maintained. Thus, peop
Possible to exclude the queen from the honey combs
Paint metal tanks
Regular washing of the tank
Repair any leakage
Claw hammer; for driving in and out nails from wood
Tape measure; to measure the required sizes of timber
Tin snip; for cuttin
Poor soils leading to poor natural grass
The pastoral tribe care for quantity other than quality
Wandering herds of wild animals spread diseases
Wildlife poses competition for pastures with cattle.
5 x 1 = 5mks
b) Physical Conditions
- Cattle rearing ar
poor storage facilities.
Competition with substitute products.
Some government policy
Kenya Planters Co-operative Union
Coffee Board of Kenya.
a) Marketing is the performed of business activities that direct the flow of goods and
Raising the land wheel
To avoid injury
To make disc plough last longer
To make disc plough work efficiently
To reduce replacement/ maintenance cost
Saves on labour cost
Reduces drudgery/ less tedious
To make a verti
Physical foot injuries
(2 x = 1 mk)
High milk yields
Fast growth/ early maturity
High growth/ maturity
Good mothering ability
Good body conformation
They can browse and survive on poor vegetation
They have hooves with tardy pads which enab
Lack of sanitation.
Dumping is high due to the congestion in housing.
Any other relevant description ( 1 x 6=6
Explain four main problems which may be experienced in
Lack of sanitation people resolve to use
Price fluctuation. This is indicated by overproduction and exploitation by middlemen
Poor quality seeds. Unscrupulous businessmen pack poor quality seeds in bags from
Kenya Seed Company. This ends up frustrating farmers who get low yields
Lack of appropr
Neighbours Building, Upperhill
P.O. Box 15339-00100,
All rights reserved
It fixes the tropics and the Arctic and Antarctic circles i.e. the varying positions of the earth in relation to
Making laying boxes/ nests dark
Feeding on balanced diet
Hanging green vegetation to keep birds busy scatter grains on the floor
Isolating and treating cannibalized birds
Control external parasites
Keeping birds according t
Produced and Marketed By;
P.O. Box 15339-00100,
Tel: 0716 41 39 41
a. What physical and climatic conditions make this area suitable for the
cultivation of the crop shown on the photograp
Incidence of pests and diseases
Expected weather conditions during harvesting
Market demand of the crop
Type of soil
Uses higher seed rate
Not easy to sue machines
Not easy to establish the right population
Overcrowding in some area
Receiving, evaluating and programming selected proposals and
suggestions from the government agencies and other organizations
which contribute to the realization of the councils objectives
Promoting research on different aspects of population and
a) Identify the various literary forms which have been used in writing the Bible.
b) Explain the effects of the Bible translation into the African languages.
c) How have Christians continued with Gods works of creation?
- River Manjewa
(iii) Determine the new scale of the rectangle.
d) Students from Chanzou school conducted a field study along river Magombe from
grid 300880 to grid 350889
(i) Measure the length of the section of river Magombe that t
(a) Cottage industry is a small scale industry which uses local raw material and
requires little capital to start and operate
(b) Reasons why the Govt of Kenya encourages jua kali industries are
It requires little capital inv
Pyramidal peak (horn): This refers to a steep-sided mountain peak surrounded by three or more cirques with
radiating systems of aretes. Pyramidal peak is formed at the junction of aretes by the backwall recession of
two or more adjacent cirques.
Quality of roughages.
Availability of the concentrates.
Economic factors/cost of concentrates.
Washing the udder with warm water.
Allow the calf to suck for a while
Feeding the cow during milking.
Regular milking time
Renewable source of energy refers to energy sources that can be
reproduced or regenerated e.g. hydro, solar, biogas etc. while nonrenewable refers to sources of energy that cannot be reproduced or
regenerated e.g. petroleum, uranium and natural gas.
Pollution- caused by the gases and fumes emitted by numerous industrial activities
and the many vehicles in the city
Social evils-immorality drug abuse and trafficking are on the increase
(b) Similarities between the functions of Nairobi and New York ci
State four reasons which led to the development of Amsterdam
as an entree-port.
Existence of deep natural harbour
Its strategic location in western Europe
Rich hinterland extending beyond Netherlands into Asia
Pests and diseases affect the health of animals lowering their
productivity or causing death
( d ) Highlight five undertakings by the government of Kenya aimed at
improving the livestock industry.
Introduction of exotic breeds/cross breeding with indige
Tamu Traders Profit and Loss Account for the year ended 31st December, 2006.
a) Explain FIVE principles of insurance.
b) Highlight FIVE ways through which the central bank can reduce the excess
currency in circulation in
Place it into a container and mix thoroughly
Powder has dissolved completed/ has formed slurry
Pour the mixture into the knapsack sprayer though the sieve
Spray the mixture onto the crop
(b) Blight (late or early) powdery mixture
( 1 mk)
Problem of residue or waste disposal
High cost of labour
Problem of underground water removal
Collapsing of the mines leading to loss of life.
Shortage of power.
b) - Earns foreign exchange
- Leads to industrial development
- Avails employmen
Regional Economic Co-operation: The establishment of regional
economic organizations has created conditions favourable to
increasing the quality and quantity of transportation between
neighbouring states. Regional economic groups in Africa include the
Pests e.g ticks / tsetseflies and diseases eg Nagana etc.
Inadequate extension services/ veterinary services
Poor transport for the animals to the market.
- Providing dipping equipment
Improving water supply
really meets the elephant
The hunter's boast at home is not repeated before the elephant, Ajanaku looks back with difficulty like a person
suffering from a sprained neck.
The elephant has a portersknot without having any load on his head. The elephant's h
Disposal; to destroy pathogens
Isolation; prevents spread of the diseases
Drenching; to control internal parasites
Treat sick animals; prevent spread of the diseases
Vaccination; develop resistance against diseases.
Control vectors, preven
Poor farming methods which result into erosion and
deposition of large amounts of soil into the rivers.
Oil spills from tankers and other sea vessels which
contaminated the water
4 x 2=8mks
Outline three environmental hazards resulting from hum