HOW OLD IS OLD?
The Rock Record and Deep Geologic
Distinguish between relative and numerical age
Define stratigraphy and the four main principles
Explain why gaps are common in rock record
Distinguish four units of geologic time
Explain the difference between renewable and
Identify four principal fossil fuels.
Identify the sources of coal and petroleum.
Identify the major alternative to fossil fuels.
A BRIEF HISTORY OF LIFE
Describe how Earths environment has changed over
the past 4 billion years.
Identify the minimum requirements for life.
Describe the difference between prokaryotic and
Define the theory
DESERTS, GLACIERS AND
Identify five different geologic settings for deserts.
Describe the structure of a sand dune.
Distinguish between several different kinds of glaciers
and ice formations.
Describe how ice in a glacier cha
THE OCEANS AND THE
Distinguish between the oceans three layers.
Explain how the ocean affects the worlds climates.
Explain why worldwide sea levels do not always stay
Identify three common types of shorelines.
WATER ON AND UNDER
Define and describe the hydrologic cycle.
Identify the basic characteristics of streams.
Define drainage basin.
Describe how floods occur and what factors may
make them worse.
Define recurrence interval and show how i
WEATHERING AND EROSION
Describe the two majors kinds of rock weathering.
Identify three end products of weathering.
Describe soil horizons.
Explain the difference between weathering, erosion,
and mass wasting.
Describe how ice, water, and air
VOLCANOES AND IGNEOUS
Identify several different categories of volcanic eruptions.
Identify the volcanic hazards.
Describe how temperature, pressure, and water content
affect a rocks melting point.
Identify three properties that disti
Explain the connection between earthquakes and plate
Identify several earthquake-related hazards.
Define body waves and surface waves.
Explain how the materials in Earths interior affect
Explain how paleomagnetism provided the
definitive evidence for continental drift.
Define seafloor spreading.
Define theory of plate tectonics.
Describe the different types of plate margins.
Explain the role of mantle conve
Explain the different kinds of bonds and describe their
influence on mineral characteristics
Define and distinguish between minerals and rocks
List key properties used to identify minerals
Identify most common mineral famili
Earth as a Planet
Define and understand the branches of geology.
Explain the key steps used to study science.
Describe the formation of planets in the solar. system,
Understand what makes Earth unique.
Explain the importan