This chapter examines some core processes of three types of learning:
classical conditioning, operant conditioning, and cognitive learning
7.1. How do we learn?
By learning, we humans adapt to our environments.
We learn to expect and prepare f
8.1. Studying memory
-Memory: the persistence of learning over time through the storage and retrieval of information.
Evidence that learning persists includes these three measures of retention:
-Recall: a measure of memory in which [the person m
4. Developing through the life span
4.3. Infancy and childhood
4.3.2. Cognitive development
-Cognition: all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering,
-Schema: a concept or framework that organizes and interpr
2.1. Biology and behavior
-Biological psychology: the scientific study of the links between biological (genetic, neural, hormonal)
and psychological processes. (Some biological psychologists call themselves behavioral neuroscien
9.4.1. What Is Intelligence?
Intelligence: mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experience, solve problems,
and use knowledge to adapt to new situations.
126.96.36.199. Spearmans general intelligence factor
6. Sensation and perception
6.1. Basic Principles of Sensation and Perception
-Sensation: the process by which our sensory sensation receptors and nervous system receive and
represent stimulus energies from our environment.
-Perception: the process of org
5. Gender and sexuality
5.3. Sexual Orientation
5.3.1. Environment and Sexual Orientation
5.3.2. Biology and Sexual Orientation
188.8.131.52. Same-sex attraction in other species
Some degree of homosexual behavior seems a natural part of the animal world.
10. Motivation and Emotion
10.1. Motivational Concepts
-Motivation: a need or desire that energizes and directs behavior.
To understand motivated behavior, psychologists have viewed it from four perspectives:
Instinct theory (now replaced by the evolution
1.1. What is psychology?
1.1.1. Psychologys roots: important milestones in psychologys development
184.108.40.206. Born: the science of mental life
-Structuralism: -early school of thought promoted by Wundt (1st laboratory scientist)
PSYC 1 STUDY GUIDE
1. Define Psychology
2. Describe the major perspectives in psychology. (i.e.
psychoanalytic, behavioral, etc.)
3. Review history of the field.
4. Compare and contrast the experimental research method
compared to the correlatio