Chapter 25 Outline:
The kidneys are important for maintaining the internal environment:
o Total volume of water and total concentration of solutes in that water
o Concentration of the various ions in the extracellular fluids
Bulbo urethral gland: secretes acid-neutralizing mucous into the penile urethra prior to ejaculation.
B: Cytoplasm of adjacent sustentocytes
D. Secondary spermatocyte
E: Early spermatids
F: Late spermatids
Conversion of haploid spermatid
The Digestive System Chapter 23
Alimentary canal = GI Tract
o Digests foods
o Absorbs digested fragments through its lining into the blood
o Organs: mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, and large intestine
Genome: The set of all genes
Aminiocentesis: the most common form of fetal testing
A karyotype is a complete display of homologous chromosome pairs
Mutations is not one of the three basic
levels of gene control
The correct answer for the proce
Chapter 26 Test Questions:
Intracellular fluid: The majority of the fluid in the body.
The most abundant cation in intracellular fluid is potassium.
Exchange between the plasma and intracellular fluid would have to involve exchange throug
Action of the deltoid
The action of the Latissimus dorsi
The action of t
Molecular Structure of Proteins
Protein are words in the English language, then the amino acids are like letters.
Amino Acids differ in their side chains
Alpha Carbon: The central carbon atom of each amino acid.
Amino Group: An organic molecule contain
11.1 Cell Division
o Binary Fission: The process by which cells of bacteria or archaeons divide.
o Mitosis: In eukaryotic cells, the division of the nucleus, in which the
chromosomes are separated into two nuclei.
o Cytokinesis: In eukaryotic
o Reduction: Gain of electrons by a molecule in a reaction; in the second step of
the Calvin cycle, energy and electrons are transferred to the molecules formed
o Oxidation: A reaction in which a molecule
7.1 Cellular Respiration
o Glycolysis: The breakdown of glucose to pyruvate; the first stage of cellular
respiration. (The second of the four stages is the conversion of pyruvate to acetylCoA and the release of CO .)
o Citric Acid Cycle: The t
6.1 An Overview of Metabolism
o Phototroph: An organism that obtains its carbon from organic molecules
synthesized by other organisms.
o Chemotroph: An organism that derives its energy directly from organic
molecules such as glucose.
Describe the steps in the scientific method.
Differentiate among a theory, a hypothesis, and a guess.
o Theory:natural phenomenon supported by a large body of experiments
o Hypothesis: A tentative explanation for one or more observations that
Chapter 33 and 34 Study Guide
Gymnosperms vs. Angiosperm characteristics
Heterotrophs vs. Autotrophs
How do fungi take in nutrients and disperse them? (How do hyphae function?)
Positive vs. Negative role fungi play in
Chapter 32 Study Guide
What threats do plants face?
What are responses to threats?
o Hypersensitive Response
o Ecological Defense
o Adaptations of growing as fast as possible (like grass)
Know plants e
Chapter 30 and 31 Follow-up Questions
1. What is the difference between a sporophyte and gametophyte?
A sporophyte is a plant that produces spores (asexual reproduction) and a gametophyte
is a plant that produces gametes (sexual reproduction).
2. How doe
Megan, Olivia, Paige, Shannon
A kid hears his mom call for dinner from upstairs and goes to race down the stairs. He slips on the stairs
and bangs the back of his head when he falls. What part of his brain was damaged and what is the
extreme effect of thi
Chapter 36 Study Guide
o Mechanic reception
o Vestibular reception
o Auditory Receptors
How do they work? Ionotropic or metabotropic? If it uses the
Chapter 35 Study Guide
o CNS vs. PNS
Where in our body do we find these functions, what do they do and what nerves
are found in each?
o Subdivisions of PNS
Sympathetic and Parasympathetic and what do they do?
o Sensory Neurons vs. Motor Neurons
Chapter 31 Study Guide
Shoot Apical Meristem (Primary Growth)
Lateral Meristem (Secondary Growth)
o Elongation Zone
o Leaf Arrangement
What is an auxin and how does it affect plant growth?
Megan, Olivia, Paige, and Shannon
Susie sees an ice cream store from far away and wants to see the flavor of the day. What process in
Susies eyes will help her focus on the sign?
The ciliary muscles contract causing the bending of light rays to increase.
Olivia, Paige, Shannon, Megan
The European Gypsy Moth with large featherlike antennae, and the Yellow Horned Moth with a skiny
single antennae are competing for food, which of these moths will have an easier time detecting a food
The European Gyps
REVIEW OF DNA STRUCTURE
HYPOTHETICAL MODELS FOR
BACTERIAL DNA REPLICATION
EUKARYOTIC DNA REPLICATION
REPLICATION OCCURS 5 TO 3
The process by which a single cell
becomes two daughter cells
Prokaryotic cells divide by binary
Eukaryotic cells divide by mitosis
and cytokinesis .
MITOTIC CELL DIVISION
WHAT CAN CAUSE GENETIC
Allele Frequency =
# of copies of an allele
total # of alleles in population
Example 1: T
the science of how
THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD
CHARACTERISTICS OF LIVING
e to change in response to environm
e to reproduce
ve the capacity to evolve
1st LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS
Energy can be neither created nor
PEA PLANT TRAITS
PEA PLANT CROSSING
YELLOW VS. GREEN SEED TRAITS
THE PRINCIPLE OF SEGREGATION
ALLELES IN MEIOSIS
The word part that contains the fundamental meaning of the word is the: Root word "stem
In the medical term "intra/ven/ous"-ven- is the: word root or stem word
The word part attached to the beginning of a word root in order to modify its