What are obstructive lung Lung Diseases are those disorders that present with
increasing resistance to air flow.
Generally caused by conditions that:
1. Obstruct the inside of the lumen thickening of wall
2. Constrict the wall of the
By what is osteoarthritis characterized? of diarthrodial joints
Lack of systemic signs & symptoms
Normal synovial fluid
What is osteoarthritis?
Degenerative joint disease whose chief pathologic
a. Degeneration & l
UNIT 1: Chapters 3 & 4
1. Chapter 3 Cellular Biology Concepts
A. Structure and function of the components and organelles of the eukaryotic cell
B. Structure and function of the cytoplasmic membrane and the function of transmembrane
C. Cellular m
What is the etiology of gonorrhea? (gram-negative diplococcus).
How is gonorrhea transmitted? exudates from the mucous membranes of infected
Direct contact with
Attaches to and penetrates columnar epithelium & induces a patchy
What are the disordersdysfunction, congenital disorders, neoplasms, inflammation &
Voiding of the lower urinary tract?
What diagnostic Urinalysis - infection urinary tract disorders?
1. tests are used for lower
2. Ultrasonography -
What is acute Acutefailure?
renal renal failure (ARF) is an abrupt reduction in renal
function accompanied by the accumulation of waste
2. Marked decrease in urine output (oliguria or anuria)
3. Azotemia (increased serum creatinine & BUN).
What is an acid? is a molecule that releases a hydrogen ion (H+).
What is a base?
A base is a molecule that can accept a H+ . (Will sometimes
release a hydroxide ion.)
What is pH?Because of the low levels of H+ concentration in
body fluids it is e
1. Systolic Dysfunction
a. Mainly caused by MI
b. Characterized by : higher than normal diastolic volume with low EF
2. Diastolic Dysfunction
a. Mainly caused by CAD and HTN
b. Characterized by: pressure-volume loop indicating poor compliance with lower d
On what doesSurvival of species is dependent upon its ability to adapt
the survival of a species depend?
to changes in external & internal environment!
What is homeostasis?
Homeostasis is defined as a state of being in which all
systems are in balance at
What is physiology?
PHYSIOLOGY = The study of the mechanical, physical
and biochemical functions of a living organism.
What is pathology?
PATHOLOGY = The study and diagnosis of disease.
What is pathophysiology?
PATHOPHYSIOLOGY = The study of abnormalities