Bio 182 Spring 2016
What are the three main functions of blood and what are examples of
1) Transportation of oxygen, carbon dioxide, nutrients & wastes, hormones, heat, &
2) Regulation of pH, temperature, and fluid distribution
1. If CRH levels increased, this would cause ACTH levels to:
A. Stay the same
D. It will not be affected
2. FSH and LH are called:
a. Second messengers
d. Cortical Hormones
3. Use the diagram to m
Urinary System 2 Take Aways
What is the PCT? What is the main function of the PCT?
How much of the solutes that are filtered out in the glomerulus are reabsorbed in the PCT?
How much of the glucose is reabsorbed in the PCT?
What are the blood vess
Urinary System 3 Take Aways
How much of our bodies are made of water? How does this differ for men and women?
Males bodies are 60% water
Females bodies are 50% water
Infants bodies are 73% water
Where is the fluid located (compartments) in our
Urinary System 1 Take Aways
What is diffusion? If allowed to move, solutes would move from a _
concentration to a _ concentration.
Solutes would move from an area of high concentration to an area of low
concentration. Diffusion is the movement of
Female Reproductive System Take Aways
What are the major structures of the female reproductive system? Be
able to identify them on a diagram. What are the major structures of
external female genitalia? Be able to identify them on a diagram.
Endocrine 1 & 2 Quiz
1. Hormone regulation occurs by which of the following mechanisms?
(Select all that apply)
Amount of hormone production
Target cell receptor expression
2. Which of the followi
Digestive Part 1
What are the six functions of the digestive system?
1. Ingestion: Foods enter the digestive tract through mouth
2. Mechanical processing: crushing & sheading of food which occurs in the oral
cavity & stomach
3. Digestion: Chemical & Enzym
Chapter 48: Animal Movement
1. Movement falls into two categories:
a. Movement of the entire organisms relative to its environment
i. Locomotion: Movement of an animal under its own power,
enables animals to seek food, water, mates, and shelter as well
Topics Covered on BIO 151 Exam 1
a. He won the contest by disproving the theory of spontaneous generation
which stated that living organisms could arise from non-living materials.
b. He did this by killing everything in a broth. He
Chapter 47 Summary
How do sensory organs convey information to the brain?
1. The ability to sense a change in the environment depends on three processes
a. Transduction: The conversion of an external stimulus to an internal
signal in the form of action po
Chapter 49 Notes: Chemical Signals In Animals
Endocrine System: Is a collection of organs and cells that secrete chemical signals
into the blood stream.
Hormone: A chemical signal that circulates through body fluids and affects distant
Chapter 45 Summary
1. Open Circulatory System: A connective tissue called hemolyph is actively
pumped throughout the body in vessels.
a. Comes into direct contact with the body so tissues do not have to
diffuse across the wall of a vessel.
b. Hemolymph tr
UNIT 1: Chapters 3 & 4
1. Chapter 3 Cellular Biology Concepts
A. Structure and function of the components and organelles of the eukaryotic cell
B. Structure and function of the cytoplasmic membrane and the function of transmembrane
C. Cellular m
By what is osteoarthritis characterized? of diarthrodial joints
Lack of systemic signs & symptoms
Normal synovial fluid
What is osteoarthritis?
Degenerative joint disease whose chief pathologic
a. Degeneration & l
What is the etiology of gonorrhea? (gram-negative diplococcus).
How is gonorrhea transmitted? exudates from the mucous membranes of infected
Direct contact with
Attaches to and penetrates columnar epithelium & induces a patchy
What are the disordersdysfunction, congenital disorders, neoplasms, inflammation &
Voiding of the lower urinary tract?
What diagnostic Urinalysis - infection urinary tract disorders?
1. tests are used for lower
2. Ultrasonography -
What is acute Acutefailure?
renal renal failure (ARF) is an abrupt reduction in renal
function accompanied by the accumulation of waste
2. Marked decrease in urine output (oliguria or anuria)
3. Azotemia (increased serum creatinine & BUN).
What is an acid? is a molecule that releases a hydrogen ion (H+).
What is a base?
A base is a molecule that can accept a H+ . (Will sometimes
release a hydroxide ion.)
What is pH?Because of the low levels of H+ concentration in
body fluids it is e
What are obstructive lung Lung Diseases are those disorders that present with
increasing resistance to air flow.
Generally caused by conditions that:
1. Obstruct the inside of the lumen thickening of wall
2. Constrict the wall of the
1. Systolic Dysfunction
a. Mainly caused by MI
b. Characterized by : higher than normal diastolic volume with low EF
2. Diastolic Dysfunction
a. Mainly caused by CAD and HTN
b. Characterized by: pressure-volume loop indicating poor compliance with lower d
On what doesSurvival of species is dependent upon its ability to adapt
the survival of a species depend?
to changes in external & internal environment!
What is homeostasis?
Homeostasis is defined as a state of being in which all
systems are in balance at
What is physiology?
PHYSIOLOGY = The study of the mechanical, physical
and biochemical functions of a living organism.
What is pathology?
PATHOLOGY = The study and diagnosis of disease.
What is pathophysiology?
PATHOPHYSIOLOGY = The study of abnormalities