Class Terms 1
Artificial selection: procedure that differentially mates organism to produce offspring
with specific characteristics.
Natural selection: process whereby the environment differently favors organisms with
characteristics that affect survial a
INTRODUCTION TO COURSE
Sociology involves the study of human beings.
More specifically, it is the study of interactions
and relationships among human beings.
Whereas psychology is the study of what is goes
on inside individuals, sociology addresses
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INTRODUCTION TO COURSE.
Basic Sociological Questions
What holds society together? What, in other words,
is the major factor that binds individuals and groups
into a social whole?
What is the relationship between the individual and
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August Comte (1798-1857)
General agreement prevails that the work of
French scholar Auguste Comte gave sociology
its name and identity that eventually led to its
status as a scholarly discipline.
Like many scholars of the
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Culture is the entire complex of ideas and material
objects that the people of a society (or group) have
created and adopted for carrying out the necessary
tasks of collective life.
So, culture is a human creation, and every culture
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GENDER: STRATIFICATION AND INEQUALITY
The term commonly used to indicate that being male or female is
socially significant is gender.
Gender can be defined as the social distinctions made between males
and females that are used to organize
GENDER: STRATIFICATION ANF INEQUALITY
Socialization for Gender Roles
To document the way in which girls and boys are socialized to
exhibit female and male personal traits, is likely trying to document
the ways in which people learn how to ta
DEVIANCE AND SOCIAL CONTROL
The Social Nature of Deviance
Deviance is socially defined, which means that whenever most
of the people in a given society, or social group, consider a
behavior deviant, it will be deviant. As a result, a vast ar
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SOCIAL INSTITUTIONS: THE FAMILY
The Functions of the Family
The family contributes to society by producing children, caring
for them when they are young, and training them in the ways of
the society. Since these tasks are performed by the
Class Terms 2
Chromosomes: Paired rod like structures in the nucleus of a cell; contain genes.
Autosomes: the 22 pairs of chrosomes that are not sex chromsomes
Sex Chromosomes: X or Y chromosomes that are genes that effect sexual development.
Growth can mean speeding up the economic cycles
Capitalist economy deprived work
Good work: autonomy (contribute creatively to your work), trust, status, higher level of
skill, control over flow of work, flexibility
Retirement and healthcare i